HOW TO: Use Optional Arguments in Access 2000

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Article ID: 210179 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This article shows you two examples of how to create and use procedures with optional arguments.

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements. When you declare a function argument using the Optional keyword, you can give the optional variable a default value. For example:
Sub MyTest(strTest1 As String, _
   Optional Test2 As String = "Test2" _
   Optional Test3 As String = "Test3")
				
However, the IsMissing() function requires that the Optional argument be declared as a Variant. Further, if the Optional keyword is used, all subsequent arguments in the argument list must also be optional and declared using the Optional keyword. Optional can't be used for any argument if ParamArray is used.

Example 1

  1. Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:
    Option Explicit
    					
  2. Type the following procedures:
    Function CallEmployeeInfo()
       If Forms!Employees!Title <> "Sales Representative" Then
          EmployeeInfo Forms.Employees!FirstName, Forms!Employees!LastName
       Else
          EmployeeInfo Forms!Employees!FirstName, _
             Forms!Employees!LastName, Forms!Employees!Title
       End If
    End Function
    
    Sub EmployeeInfo(fname, lname, Optional Title As Variant)
       If IsMissing(Title) Then
          Debug.Print lname & ", " & fname
       Else
          Debug.Print lname & ", " & fname & "   " & Title
       End If
    End Sub
    					
  3. To test this function, open the Employees form in Form view.
  4. Press CTRL+G to open the Immediate window. Type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:
    ? CallEmployeeInfo()
    						
    Note that the relevant information is displayed in the Immediate window. If the title is not Sales Representative, then the option title argument is not sent to the Sub routine but the Sub routine will still process. It just displays the two arguments that were provided. If the title is Sales Representative, the argument title is sent and displayed in the Immediate window.

Example 2

NOTE: The sample code in this article uses Microsoft Data Access Objects. For this code to run properly, you must reference the Microsoft DAO 3.6 Object Library. To do so, click References on the Tools menu in the Visual Basic Editor, and make sure that the Microsoft DAO 3.6 Object Library check box is selected.

  1. Create a module and type the following line in the Declarations section if it is not already there:
    Option Explicit
    					
  2. Type the following procedure:
     
    Function OptionalTest(Optional Country)
       Dim dbs As DAO.Database, rst As DAO.Recordset
       Dim strSQL As String
       
       ' Return Database variable pointing to current database.
       Set dbs = CurrentDb
       If IsMissing(Country) Then
          strSQL = "SELECT * FROM Orders"
       ' This will return all the records.
       Else
          strSQL = "SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE [ShipCountry] = '" & _
             Country & "';"
       ' This will return only values matching the argument you entered.
       End If
       Set rst = dbs.OpenRecordset(strSQL)
       rst.MoveLast
       Debug.Print rst.RecordCount
       rst.Close
       dbs.Close
    End Function
    					
  3. Type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:
    ? OptionalTest("UK")
    						
    Note that the value displayed in the Immediate window is the number of records where the ShipCountry is equal to UK.
  4. Type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:
    ? OptionalTest()
    						
    Note that you receive a record count for the whole table. This is because the optional argument was not supplied when the Sub procedure was called. This feature can be very useful for setting up criteria for queries based on forms.



REFERENCES

For more information about the Optional keyword, in the Visual Basic Editor, click Microsoft Visual Basic Help on the Help menu, type Optional arguments in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.









Properties

Article ID: 210179 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Access 2000 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbdta kbhowto kbhowtomaster kbofficeprog kbprogramming kbvba KB210179

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