HOW TO: Sample Function to Remove Alpha Characters from a Numeric Field in Access 2000

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Article ID: 210537 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This article shows you how to create a sample user-defined function named RemoveAlphas() that removes alpha, or nonnumeric, characters from an alphanumeric string. All nonnumeric characters will be removed.

A common use for the RemoveAlphas() function is to remove the parentheses, dashes, and spaces from a telephone number or a social security number field. For example, the following strings contain parentheses, dashes, and spaces:
"(206) 635-7050"
"206-635-7050"
"535-87-4529"
After you run the RemoveAlphas() function, these strings will look as follows:
"2066357050"
"2066357050"
"535874529"
The following example demonstrates how to create the RemoveAlphas() function, and how to use it, either while someone is entering data, or in an update query to remove nonnumeric characters from phone numbers in a table.

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

How to Create the RemoveAlphas() Function

  1. Create a new module.
  2. Type the following function in the Module window:
    Function RemoveAlphas (ByVal AlphaNum as Variant)
    
       Dim Clean As String
       Dim Pos, A_Char$
    
       Pos = 1
       If IsNull(AlphaNum) Then Exit Function
    
       For Pos = 1 To Len(AlphaNum)
          A_Char$ = Mid(AlphaNum, Pos, 1)
          If A_Char$ >= "0" And A_Char$ <= "9" Then
             Clean$ = Clean$ + A_Char$
          End If
       Next Pos
    
       RemoveAlphas = Clean$
    
    End Function
    					
  3. Save the module with any unique name.

How to Use the RemoveAlphas() Function in Data Entry

You can use the RemoveAlphas() function to have dashes or parentheses removed while someone is typing phone numbers into a field.

For a field called Phone, add the following code to the AfterUpdate property to the Phone text box on a form:
Private Sub Phone_AfterUpdate()
   Me![Phone] = RemoveAlphas(Me![Phone])
End Sub
				

How to Use the RemoveAlphas() Function in an Update Query

  1. Create a new query based on the table with the phone number field.
  2. Place the phone number field in the first column of the query grid.
  3. On the Query menu, click Update.
  4. In the Update To row, enter the following for a field named Phone:
    RemoveAlphas([Phone])
  5. Run the query.

Properties

Article ID: 210537 - Last Review: October 11, 2006 - Revision: 2.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Access 2000 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbhowto kbhowtomaster kbprogramming KB210537

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