You cannot use the PrintOut method when the custom dialog box is visible

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Article ID: 213598 - View products that this article applies to.
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For a Microsoft Excel 98 and earlier version of this article, see 148723.
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SYMPTOMS

In Microsoft Excel 2000 and later, you cannot use the PrintOut or the PrintPreview method (to print a sheet or to view it in print preview) when a custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog box is visible. If you try to use the PrintOut or the PrintPreview method while a custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog box is visible, you receive the following error message:
Run-time Error '1004': PrintOut Method of Sheets Class Failed

CAUSE

This problem occurs because of the way in which Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications code and custom dialog boxes interact with Microsoft Excel. For example, to use the PrintOut method to send a document called "Sheet1" to your printer, you would normally use the following command:
   Worksheets("Sheet1").PrintOut
				

However, when a custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog box is visible on the screen, you receive one of the error messages mentioned in the "Symptoms" section of this article.

WORKAROUND

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.
To work around this problem, use any of the following methods.

Method 1

Use a UserForm instead of a custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog sheet. For example, follow these steps:
  1. In a new workbook type hello in cell A1 of Sheet1, and then start the Visual Basic Editor.
  2. On the Insert menu, click UserForm.
  3. Add a command button to the UserForm.
  4. On the View menu, click Code to display the module sheet for the UserForm.
    On the UserForm1 (Code) module, you see the following code displayed:
           Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
    
           End Sub
    						
  5. Modify this code to read:
           Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
    
              my_print_macro
    
           End Sub
    						
  6. On the Insert menu, click Module.

    This will insert a basic module sheet into your project.
  7. On this module sheet, type the following code:
           Sub Show_Form()
    
              UserForm1.Show                ' This displays the UserForm.
    
           End Sub
    
    
           Sub my_print_macro()
    
              Sheets("sheet1").PrintOut     ' This prints Sheet1.
    
           End Sub
    						
  8. Run the Show_Form macro.

    The UserForm you created appears.
  9. Click the command button on the UserForm.

    Sheet1 of your workbook prints.
  10. Dismiss the UserForm.

Method 2

You can use a method called tunneling to remove the custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog box, perform your print action, and then redisplay the dialog box.

To use the PrintOut method, you must first hide or dismiss all custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog boxes.

The following Visual Basic code example uses tunneling to display a custom (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog box, to hide the dialog box before it prints a worksheet, and to then redisplay the dialog box when the print operation is complete.

This example assumes that you have a (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog sheet called "Dialog1" (without the quotation marks) and a worksheet called "Sheet1" (without the quotation marks) that are located in the same workbook, and that you have a macro module with the following macro. The dialog sheet must contain two buttons: DoneButton and PrintButton.

Before you run the macro, you need to assign the appropriate macros to the DoneButton and the PrintButton. To do this, follow these steps:
  1. Activate the dialog sheet.
  2. Select the DoneButton.
  3. Right-click the DoneButton, and then click Assign Macro on the shortcut menu.
  4. In the Assign Macro dialog box, click the DoneButton_Click macro, and then click OK.
To assign the PrintButton_Click macro to the PrintButton, repeat steps 1 through 4 above and substitute PrintButton for DoneButton and PrintButton_Click for DoneButton_Click.

To run the following example, position the insertion point in the line that reads "Sub MainMacro()," and then press F5.
   Option Explicit
   Public DoneFlag As Integer, PrintFlag As Integer


   Sub MainMacro()
      PrintFlag = 0                         ' Initialize PrintFlag.
      DoneFlag = 0                          ' Initialize DoneFlag.
      DialogSheets("Dialog1").Show          ' Show it initially.

      ' While the DoneFlag does not equal 1 (which will only occur if the
      ' DoneButton is clicked), continue to loop through the Sub procedure.

      Do
         If PrintFlag = 1 Then              ' If the PrintFlag is set, then
            Worksheets("Sheet1"). PrintOut  ' print Sheet1 and
            PrintFlag = 0                   ' reset the PrintFlag.
            DialogSheets("Dialog1").Show    ' Reshow it only after
         End If                             ' having called the procedure
      Loop Until DoneFlag = 1               ' that hid it.

   End Sub


   Sub DoneButton_Click()
      DoneFlag = 1                          ' Set the DoneFlag.
      DialogSheets("Dialog1").Hide          ' Hide the dialog box.
   End Sub


   Sub PrintButton_Click()
      DoneFlag = 0                          ' Ensure DoneFlag set to 0.
      PrintFlag = 1                         ' Set the PrintFlag.
      DialogSheets("Dialog1").Hide          ' Hide the dialog box.
   End Sub
				

When you activate the DoneButton or the PrintButton button, the appropriate Sub procedure (DoneButton_Click or PrintButton_Click) runs. Within each Sub procedure, the Dialog1 dialog box is hidden and a flag (DoneFlag or PrintFlag) is set to 1. The MainMacro Sub procedure then resumes and loops back; if PrintFlag equals 1, the macro prints the worksheet and redisplays the dialog box; if DoneFlag equals 1, the macro exits the loop and ends the macro.

In this way, the PrintOut method is only executed if the Dialog1 dialog box is not visible on the screen, and the dialog box will reappear until you exit the loop by activating the DoneButton.

Method 3

This method provides another way to work around the behavior. Use the OnTime method to allow the macro that contains the DialogSheets("sheetname").Show to complete before you run the PrintOut method.

The following sample procedures illustrate this workaround. When you use this code, the print button dismisses the dialog box, and one second later, the print macro runs. One second after the sheet prints, the dialog box appears again.

Note the following regarding the sample procedures:
  • Sub ShowTheDialog can be much longer, but the .Show line should be the last line of the Sub procedure.

  • Sub PrintTheSheet is a macro attached to a button that has been set to have the Dismiss property.

  • Sub BackgroundPrint contains the actual PrintOut method.

  • Sub ShowTheDialog is an optional macro to bring the dialog box back.

      Sub ShowTheDialog()
         ' This portion of the macro could be much larger,
         ' setting variables and conditions prior to displaying the dialog
         ' box.
         ' The last line should be this:
         DialogSheets("Dialog1").Show
      End Sub


      Sub PrintTheSheet()
         ' This macro should be attached to a button with the Dismiss
         ' property set and should contain only this line:
         Application.OnTime Now + TimeValue("00:00:01"), "BackgroundPrint"
      End Sub


      Sub BackgroundPrint()
         ' Like ShowTheDialog, this macro can be much larger,
         ' selecting areas, defining print ranges, or whatever before
         ' printing.
         ActiveSheet.PrintOut
         ' This line is optional; use it as the last line if you want the
         ' dialog box to reappear.
         Application.OnTime Now + TimeValue("00:00:01"), "RedisplayDialog"
      End Sub


      Sub RedisplayDialog()
         ' This optional macro recalls the dialog box without resetting any
         ' variable, and should contain only this line:
         DialogSheets("Dialog1").Show
      End Sub
				

Method 4

This workaround checks to see if the Print button in the dialog box was clicked. If the button was clicked, the macro prints after the dialog box is dismissed.
  1. Rename a button on your (Microsoft Excel version 5.0 or 7.0) dialog sheet to "print" (without the quotation marks).

    NOTE: Use the Name box on the formula bar to rename the button.
  2. Assign the Set_Flag macro to this Print button.
  3. Create a second button on the dialog sheet, rename it "other".
  4. Assign the Set_Flag macro to this other button.
  5. To be able to test the use of the other button, create another Excel 5.0/7.0 dialog sheet and rename the sheet "Other".
  6. Enter the following macros into a new module sheet in your workbook.
          ' Makes the variables case insensitive.
          Option Compare Text
    
          ' Dimension a Public variable to determine which button is
          ' clicked in the dialog box.
          Dim Flag As String
    
          Sub Show_Dialog()
    
             ' Sets Flag = to nothing.
             Flag = ""
    
             ' Shows Main dialog box.
             Do While DialogSheets("Main").Show
    
             ' Checks to see which button was clicked.
             Select Case Flag
    
             ' If clicked "Print," run Print_Macro.
             Case "Print"
                 Print_Macro
    
             ' After Print_Macro runs, exit the routine.
             ' Ignore this line if you want to have
             ' the Main dialog box pop up again.
             Exit Sub
    
             ' If clicked "Other," run Other_Macro.
             Case "Other"
                 Other_Macro
    
             ' If clicked any other button, exit the macro.
             Case Else
                Exit Sub
             End Select
             Loop
          End Sub
    
          Sub Set_Flag()
    
             ' Sets the variable Flag to the button that calls this macro.
             Flag = Application.Caller
          End Sub
    
          Sub Print_Macro()
    
             ' Print macro goes here.
             ' This code can be placed under Case "Print" above without
             ' having this Sub procedure.
             MsgBox "Your Print Macro here"
          End Sub
    
          Sub Other_Macro()
    
             ' Shows secondary dialog.
             ' This code can be placed under Case "Other" above without
             ' having this Sub procedure.
             DialogSheets("Other").Show
          End Sub
          
    						
  7. Run the Show_Dialog macro.
  8. Click the Print button in your custom dialog box that was assigned to the Set_Flag macro.
  9. Click OK in your dialog box to dismiss the dialog box.

    Print_Macro runs and "Your Print Macro here" message appears in a message box.

Properties

Article ID: 213598 - Last Review: January 24, 2007 - Revision: 5.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Office Excel 2007
  • Microsoft Office Excel 2003
  • Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbdtacode kberrmsg kbfaq kbprb kbprint kbprogramming KB213598

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