XL2000: Keeping a Cumulative Total in a Column or Row

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In Microsoft Excel 2000, you can calculate a cumulative total in a column or row of cells by using a combination of absolute and relative references in a SUM() formula.


To keep a running total of cells A1 through A10 in column B (for example, B1 contains the value from A1; B2 contains A1+A2; B3 contains A1+A2+A3; and so on), follow these steps:
  1. Start Excel and open a new workbook.
  2. In cell B1 type the following formula:
  3. Select cells B1 through B10.
  4. On the Edit menu, point to Fill, and then click Down.

    The $A$1 (absolute reference) is constant in each cell, although the A1 (relative reference) is updated in each successive cell to refer to the adjacent cell in column A.
  5. Type the following data into the worksheet:
       A1:  1
       A2:  6
       A3: 77
       A4: 94
       A5: 32
       A6: 44
       A7: 33
       A8: 22
       A9:  6
       A10: 5
  6. The cells in column B return the following data:
       B1:    1
       B2:    7
       B3:   84
       B4:  178
       B5:  210
       B6:  254
       B7:  287
       B8:  309
       B9:  315
       B10: 320
TIP: To calculate a running average of the numbers in column A, replace SUM with AVERAGE in the formulas.


Article ID: 214149 - Last Review: September 27, 2003 - Revision: 3.1
  • Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
kbhowto KB214149

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