?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 216498 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????????

???????:??? ?? ADSI ?????? ?????-?? ?? ????? ????, LDP ??????, ?? ??? ???? LDAP ??????? 3 ???????, ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???, ????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?????, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server, Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, ?? ????? Windows ?? Exchange ???????????? ???? ??? ???? ??? Microsoft ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?????

?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ????? promoting ?? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? (?? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ??????-???? ????? ?? ???) ????? ???????? ?? demoting ?? ??? (Dcpromo.exe) ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? NTDS ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???

?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ??:
CN = NTDS ????????, CN = <servername>, CN ?????, CN = = <sitename>, CN ??????, CN = ???????????, DC = = <domain>...</domain></sitename></servername>
NTDS ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?????????, ?????? contexts ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? respect ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??? NTDS ???????? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??, ????? retired ?????? ?? ???

??? NTDS ???????? ???? ??? ?? (?????? ?? ???, ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? NTDS ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??) ?????? ??, ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2008, ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ???, ?????????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ?????-?? ?????

Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows 2000 ????? ???, ?????????? ????? ?? ???? Ntdsutil. exe ?????? NTDS ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? NTDS ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? Ntdsutil ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????

Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? 1 (SP1) ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ? Ntdsutil. exe ?? Enhanced ???????

???????? ????? ?? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? 1 ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? Ntdsutil. exe ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????? Ntdsutil. exe ??????? SP1 ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????:
  • NTDSA ?? NTDS ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???
  • ??????? AD ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? DC ????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? DC ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???
  • ???????? ???? ??????? ???
  • FRS ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???
  • FRS ????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???
  • ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? (????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? FSMO) held DC ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???
????????????????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???????? NTDS ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ??? Ntdsutil ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? ????

????????? 1: Windows Server 2003 SP1 ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????

  1. ????? ????,????????? ????? ????,????????????? ????? ????,????? ??????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ?????????.
  2. ??????? ????????? ??Ntdsutil???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????..
  3. ??????:???????? ??????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ??? ?? ???????? ?? ??????, ?????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???, ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????
  4. ??????:????????? ENTER ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? credsDomainName?????????? ?????????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ???? ????? ??????? ?????NULL??????? ???????? ?? ????
  5. ??????:????? ?? ?????? ????Servername???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??, ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??????????? ????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ????

    ???:If you try to connect to the same server that you want to delete, when you try to delete the server that step 15 refers to, you may receive the following error message:
    Error 2094. The DSA Object cannot be deleted0x2094
  6. ??????:???? ?????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. TheMetadata Cleanupmenu appears.
  7. ??????:select operation targetand press ENTER.
  8. ??????:list domainsand press ENTER. A list of domains in the forest is displayed, each with an associated number.
  9. ??????:select domain??????and press ENTER, where??????is the number associated with the domain the server you are removing is a member of. ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???
  10. ??????:???? ?? ???????? ENTER ?????? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???
  11. ??????:???? ?? ??? ???????????? ENTER, ????? ??????????????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??????
  12. ??????:???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ENTER ?????? ???? ???, ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ???
  13. ??????:????? ?? ??? ??????????, ??????????is the number associated with the server you want to remove. You receive a confirmation listing the selected server, its Domain Name System (DNS) host name, and the location of the server's computer account you want to remove.
  14. ??????:???? ??????and press ENTER. TheMetadata Cleanupmenu appears.
  15. ??????:remove selected serverand press ENTER. You should receive confirmation that the removal completed successfully. ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??, NTDS ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????????? NTDS ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? DCPROMO ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????
    ?????? 8419 (0x20E3)
    DSA ???????? ???? ??? ???


    ???:????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? Ntdsutil ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???
  16. ??????:???? ??????, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ENTER ????? Ntdsutil ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????
  17. _Msdcs ??? cname ??????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ????? rootDNS ??? ???????? Assuming ?? DC ???????????? ?? re-promoted ???? ?????, ??? NTDS ?????? ???????? ???? ?? GUID ?? DNS ??? ??? ???? cname ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? DC ?? ?? ?????? cname ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????

    ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? DNS ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????? (DHCP) ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? lease ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??, ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? DC ?? IP ????
  18. DNS ????? ???, DNS ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? DNS MMC ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????. ??? ??, _msdcs ???????? ??? cname ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????_msdcs???????? ?? ???, ????-????? ????cname?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????.

    ????????????? ?? ??? DNS ????? ??, ?? ??????? ?? DC ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????.. ??? ???? ?? ???, DNS ????? ???, ?? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????.????? ????? ?? ???????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????..

    ???:??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??, ?? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????????
  19. ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??, ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??, trustDomain ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ADSIEdit ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:adsiedit.msc?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK
    2. ??????? ????????? NC???????? ?? ????
    3. ??????? ????DC =???? ?????DC COM, PRI, ???????, ??? =.
    4. ??????? ????CN ?????? =.
    5. ????-????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????????, ?? ???? ????????.
  20. ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????
    2. ??????? ??????????.
    3. ????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????-?????-????-??? ???
    4. ??????? ?????????.
    5. ????? ???????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????.
  21. ?? ?? Windows Server 2008 ??? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ??? DFS ????????? ????? ????, Ntdsutil. exe ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? DFS ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???, ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???? (AD DS) ?? ??? DFS ????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? Adsiedit.msc ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ??? ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????
    2. Adsiedit.msc ??????? ?????
    3. ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????
    4. ????? DFS ????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????:
      CN ????????, CN = ????? ?????? ???, CN = DFSR-Globalsettings, CN = ??????, DC = ???? ?????, DC = ????? ??????? =
    5. ?????msDFSR ?????CN ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ???

????????? 2: Windows 2000 (??? ?????????) Windows Server 2003 RTM

  1. ????? ????,????????? ????? ????,????????????? ????? ????,????? ??????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???????? ?????????.
  2. ??????? ????????? ??Ntdsutil???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????..
  3. ??????:???????? ??????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ??? ?? ???????? ?? ??????, ?????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???, ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????
  4. ??????:????????? ENTER ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ????????????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? credsDomainName?????????? ?????????????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ???? ????? ??????? ?????NULL??????? ???????? ?? ????
  5. ??????:????? ?? ?????? ????Servername???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??, ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??????????? ????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ????

    ???:If you try to connect to the same server that you want to delete, when you try to delete the server that step 15 refers to, you may receive the following error message:
    Error 2094. The DSA Object cannot be deleted0x2094
  6. ??????:quit???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ENTER ?????.. TheMetadata Cleanupmenu appears.
  7. ??????:select operation targetand press ENTER.
  8. ??????:list domains?? ENTER ?????? A list of domains in the forest is displayed, each with an associated number.
  9. ??????:select domain??????and press ENTER, where??????is the number associated with the domain the server you are removing is a member of. ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???
  10. ??????:???? ?? ???????? ENTER ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????, ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ???
  11. ??????:???? ?? ??? ???????????? ENTER, ????? ??????????????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??????
  12. ??????:???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ENTER ?????? ???? ???, ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ???
  13. ??????:????? ?? ??? ??????????, ??????????is the number associated with the server you want to remove. You receive a confirmation listing the selected server, its Domain Name System (DNS) host name, and the location of the server's computer account you want to remove.
  14. ??????:quit?? ENTER ?????? TheMetadata Cleanupmenu appears.
  15. ??????:remove selected serverand press ENTER. You should receive confirmation that the removal completed successfully. If you receive the following error message:
    Error 8419 (0x20E3)
    The DSA object could not be found
    NTDS ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????????? NTDS ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????????, ?? ???????? Dcpromo ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????

    ???:????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? Ntdsutil ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???
  16. ??????:???? ???????? ???????? ???? Ntdsutil ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????
  17. _Msdcs ??? cname ??????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ????? rootDNS ??? ???????? Assuming ?? DC ???????????? ?? re-promoted ???? ?????, ??? NTDS ?????? ???????? ???? DNS ??? ?? ??? GUID ?? ??? ??? ???? cname ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? DC ?? ?? ?????? cname ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???

    ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ???? DNS ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????? (DHCP) ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? lease ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??????? IP ??????? ?? ???? ??? DC ?????? ?? ????
?? ???? NTDS ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ??, ?? ?? ???????? ????, _msdcs ???????? ??? FRS ????? ????????, cname (?? ???? ???) ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? (?? ?????) ??????? ??? DNS, trustDomain ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????, ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????

???:?? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? FRS ????? ???????? Windows Server 2003 RTM ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????? Ntdsutil. exe ?????? ???? ?? ?? FRS ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? Additionaly, the metadata of the computer account cannot be removed if the computer account of the DC contains another leaf object. For example, Remote Installation Services (RIS) might be installed on the DC.

The Adsiedit utility is included with the Windows Support Tools feature in both Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003. To install the Windows Support Tools, following these steps:
  • Windows 2000 Server: On the Windows 2000 Server CD, open the Support\Tools folder, double-clickSetup.exe, and then follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
  • Windows Server 2003: Windows Server 2003 CD ???, ?? Support\Tools ??????? ?????, ???-????? ????Suptools.MSI????? ????,??????? ????, ?? ???? ??? Windows ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????
  1. ???????? ???? ????? ADSIEdit ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:adsiedit.msc??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
    2. ??????? ????????? NC???????? ?? ????
    3. ??????? ????DC =???? ????? ???DC COM, PRI, ???????, ??? =.
    4. ??????? ????OU ????? = ????????.
    5. ????-????? ????CN =????? ???????? ?? ????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????.
    ??? ???? "DSA ???????? ????? ???? ?? ????" ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ?????, UserAccountControl ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? UserAccountControl ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ADSIEdit ??? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??????. ?? ??????????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ????,UserAccountControl. ????? ????,??????, 4096 ???? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ????, ?? ???? ???set. ?? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????

    ???:FRS ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ???
  2. FRS ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ADSIEdit ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:adsiedit.msc??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK
    2. ??????? ????????? NC???????? ?? ????
    3. ??????? ????DC =???? ?????DC COM, PRI, ???????, ??? =.
    4. ??????? ????CN ?????? =.
    5. ??????? ????CN ????? ????????? = ????.
    6. ??????? ????CN ????? ?????? ??????? = (SYSVOL ???? ????).
    7. ?? ????? ??? ???, ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????-????? ?????????.
  3. DNS ????? ???, DNS ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? DNS MMC ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????. ?? ??? cname (?? ???? ?????) ?????? ?????_msdcs???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???, ??????? ????_msdcs????????, cname ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????????.

    ????????????? ?? ??? DNS ????? ?? ???? ??? ??, ?? ??????? ?? DC ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????.. ??? ???? ?? ???, DNS ????? ???, ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????-?????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????,???, ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????..

    ???:??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??, ?? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????????
  4. ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??, ?? trustDomain ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ADSIEdit ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:adsiedit.msc??????????????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK
    2. ??????? ????????? NC???????? ?? ????
    3. ??????? ????DC =???? ?????DC COM, PRI, ???????, ??? =.
    4. ??????? ????CN ?????? =.
    5. ????-????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????????, ?? ???? ????????.
  5. ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????
    2. ??????? ??????????.
    3. ????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????????-?????-????-???.
    4. ??????? ?????????.
    5. ????? ???????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????.

SP1 ?? Ntdsutil. exe ?? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????????

Windows Server 2003 SP1 ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??, ?? ?? ?? DS ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ????, ?????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? demoted ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?? NTDS ???????? ???????? ?? DN ??????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ????, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. Ntdsutil ??????
  2. ???????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????
  3. ????? ???? ?????
    ????? ????? ?? ???????<dn of="" the="" server="" object="" in="" the="" config="" container=""></dn>
    ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???

    ???:????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? wrapped ???? ??? ???
    ????? ????? cn ??????? servername, cn = ?????, cn = sitename, cn = ??????, cn = ???????????, = dc =<forest_root_domain></forest_root_domain>
  4. DNS ??? ???????? ??????? ?? _msdcs.root ????? ??? cname ??????? ?? ???????? Assuming ?? DC ???????????? ?? re-promoted ???? ?????, ??? NTDS ?????? ???????? ???? DNS ??? ?? ??? GUID ?? ??? ??? ???? cname ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? DC ?? ?? ?????? cname ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????

    ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? DNS ???????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????? (DHCP) ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? lease ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??, ??? ???? ??????? ?????? DC ?? IP ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????
  5. ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??, trustDomain ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ADSIEdit ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:adsiedit.msc?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
    2. ??????? ????????? NC???????? ?? ????
    3. ??????? ????DC =???? ????? ???DC COM, PRI, ???????, ??? =.
    4. ??????? ????CN ?????? =.
    5. ????-????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????????,, ?? ???? ????????.
  6. ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????
    2. ??????? ??????????.
    3. ????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????????-?????-????-???.
    4. ??????? ?????????.
    5. ????? ???????? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ????????.

???? ???????

Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows 2000 ????? ???????? ?? forcefully ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
332199???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? gracefully ?? ?? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? Windows 2000 ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????

DN ????? ?? ??? ?????

?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? DN ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? Ldp.exe ?? ????? ???? ??? Ldp.exe ?? ????? ???? DN ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. LDP ??????
  2. RootDSE ?? ??? ????? ???
  3. View\tree ?? ??? ????? ???? DN cn ???? ?????, ??????????? = dc rootdomain, = dc = <suffix>.</suffix>
  4. ??????? ??????????.
  5. ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????
  6. ??????? ?????????.
  7. ????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????
  8. ???? ??? ?? DN ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????
  9. ??????? ?????? DN ????? ?? ????????? ??????

    LDP spew ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????:

    Expanding base 'CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=corp,DC=com'...
    Result <0>: (null)
    Matched DNs: 
    Getting 1 entries:
    >> Dn: CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=corp,DC=com?
    
    What you would copy would be 
    
    "CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=corp,DC=com"
???? ??????? ?? ???, Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????::
887424"DsRemoveDsDomainW ?????? 0x2015" ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? Ntdsutil ?? ?????

??????

??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? Microsoft TechNet ??? ???? ?? ????:
HTTP://www.Microsoft.com/technet/scriptcenter/scripts/AD/domains/addmvb04.mspx

???

???? ID: 216498 - ????? ???????: 11 ??????? 2011 - ??????: 5.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Web Server 2008 R2
??????: 
kbenv kbhowtomaster kbmt KB216498 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:216498

??????????? ???

 

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