???? ???????: 229716 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? Microsoft Windows XP? ???? 314058 (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)).
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ??????? ?????? ???. ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???????.

??????? ????

??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? NTFS ?FAT ?FAT32 ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? Windows. ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ?????? ??????? ???????:
  • ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????.
  • ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ???????.
  • ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? (MBR).
  • ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????.
???? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ??? ?? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? NTFS.

????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows

?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ???? ???? ????? ???????:
  • ?? ?????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? Windows? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? Windows. ?? ???? "Welcome to Setup" (?????? ?? ?? ???????)? ???? F10? ?? R ???????? ?? ???? C (??????? ?????? ????? Windows 2000 ???) ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows. ??? ????? ??????? ?????? Windows ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER ???.
  • ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ??? ???? ??? ????? Windows ???????? Winnt32.exe ?? ??? ??????? /cmdcons. ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? 7 ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? Cmdcons ???????? ?????? ??.

    ??????: ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
    229077 ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????
  • ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
    222478 ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???

??????? ???? ?????? ????????

??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ???? ??????? ???????:
Windows NT(TM) Boot Console Command Interpreter.

WARNING:

This is a limited function command prompt intended only as a system recovery utility for advanced users. Using this utility incorrectly can cause serious system-wide problems that may require you to reinstall Windows to correct them.

Type 'exit' to leave the command prompt and reboot the system.

1: C:\WINNT

Which Windows installation would you like to logon to (enter to abort)?
??? ????? ????? ?????? Windows ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????. ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows. ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? SAM ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ???? exit ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???

?? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???:
  • ?????? ?????
  • ?????? %SystemRoot% ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? Windows ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????.
  • ?????? Cmdcons
  • ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????
??????: ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? "?? ??? ??????". ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? Windows? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???. ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???.

??????? ????????

HELP

?????? ????? help ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????:
attrib       delete        fixboot              md                type 
cd           dir           fixmbr               mkdir       systemroot 
                chdir        disable       format               more          
                  chkdsk       diskpart      help                 rd        
                 cls          enable        listsvc              ren       
              copy         exit          logon                rename    
               del          expand        map                  rmdir      
						

ATTRIB

?????? ????? attrib ?? ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????????:
-R
+R
-S
+S
-H
+H

+ ??????? ?? ????? ???.
- ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???.
X R ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???.
S ???? ??? ??? ??? ????.
H ???? ??? ??? ??? ????.
??????: ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????. ???? ??????? ?????? ????? dir.

CD ?CHDIR

?????? ??????? cd ?chdir ?????? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ????? cd ..? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????. ???? cd drive: ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????. ???? cd ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????. ????? ????? chdir ???????? ??? ???? ??????. ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????:
cd "\winnt\profiles\username\programs\start menu"
???? ????? chdir ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

CHKDSK

chkdsk drive /p /r
??????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? (??? ???? drive ???? ??????? ??????? ????)? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ?????. ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????.

????? ??? ??????? /p ????? CHKDSK ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ???????? ??? ??????? /r ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????. ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? /r? ??? ????? ??? ??????? /p. ???? ????? ????? chkdsk ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ?????? ????? chkdsk ???? ????? Autochk.exe. ??? ???? Chkdsk ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? Cmdcons ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? Chkdsk ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? Windows. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? Chkdsk ?????? ???? ????? Autochk.exe.

CLS

?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????.

COPY

copy source destination
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? source ????? ??????? ???? ????? destination ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????) ???? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????????. ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? Windows ???????? ????? ????.

?? ???? ??? ????? destination? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????.

DEL ?DELETE

del drive: path filename
delete drive: path filename
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? drive: path filename ????? ??????? ????) ???? ?????. ???? ????? delete ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ???? ????? delete ???? ????? (*).

DIR

dir drive: path filename
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? drive: path filename ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????) ???? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ????????. ???? ????? dir ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????:
D - ????         R - ??? ??????? ???
H - ??? ????     A - ????? ????? ???????
S - ??? ????     C - ?????
E - ????         P - ???? ????? ?????
					
???? ????? dir ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

DISABLE

disable servicename
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? servicename ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????) ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? Windows.

?????? ????? listsvc ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ???? ????? disable ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? SERVICE_DISABLED. ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??????.

???? ??? ??? start_type ???? ?????? ????? disable:
SERVICE_DISABLED
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START

DISKPART

diskpart /add /delete device_name drive_name partition_name size
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????.
  • /add: ??????? ?????? ??? ????.
  • /delete: ??????? ???? ??? ?????.
  • device_name: ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????. ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? MAP? ??? ???? ??????: \Device\HardDisk0.
  • drive_name: ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? D:
  • partition_name: ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????: \Device\HardDisk0\Partition1.
  • size: ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????????.
??????: ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??.

?????: ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????????. ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? "????? ???????".

ENABLE

enable servicename start_type

????? ??????? ????? enable (??? ???? servicename ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????) ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? Windows.

?????? ????? listsvc ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ???? ????? enable ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???????.

start_type ?????? ??:
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START
??????: ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? enable ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????.

EXIT

?????? ????? exit ?????? "???? ?????? ????????" ?????? ????? ?????????.

EXPAND

expand source [/F:filespec] [destination] [/y]
expand source [/F:filespec] /D
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? source ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? destination ???? ????? ??????) ?????? ?????.

??????: ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????.
?? ???? ??? ????? destination? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????.

??????:
  • /y: ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????.
  • /f:filespec: ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ?????.
  • /d: ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??????.
?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? Cmdcons. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???. ?????? ????? attrib ?????? ????? ??????? ???.

???? ????? expand ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? /y.

FIXBOOT

fixboot drive name:
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? drive name ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????) ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? Windows ?? ??? ???????. ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? Windows. ??? ???? ????? "????? ??????? ???????" ??? ????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????.

FIXMBR

fixmbr device name
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? device name ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? MBR ????) ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? (MBR) ????? ???? ??????. ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? MBR ??? ???? ??? ????? Windows.

?????: ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???????. ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????. ????? Microsoft ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? map. ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????? MBR ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????:
fixmbr \device\harddisk2
?? ???? ??? Fixmbr ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? MBR.

FORMAT

format drive: /Q /FS:file-system
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? /Q ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? drive ??? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? /FS:file-system ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? [FAT ?? FAT32 ?? NTFS]) ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????.

?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ??????.

LISTSVC

???? ????? listsvc ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? Windows ??????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? disable ?enable.

??????: ???? ????????? ?? ???? %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\SYSTEM. ?? ???? ??? ???? SYSTEM ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????.

LOGON

logon
???? ????? logon ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? Windows ???? ?? ????????, ?? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? Windows ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????. ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

MAP

map arc
?????? ??? ????? (??? ???? ??????? arc ?? ????? map ??????? ?????? ARC ????? ?? ?????? ????? Windows) ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???????.

MD ?MKDIR

???? ????? md ?? ????? mkdir ??? ????? ?????? ?????. ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?????. ???? ????? mkdir ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

MORE

more filename
?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????.

RD ?RMDIR

???? ??????? rd ?rmdir ??? ??? ?? ????. ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

REN ?RENAME

???? ?? ???? ??????? ren ?rename ?????? ????? ???. ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??. ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

SET

???? ?? ????? set ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????.
AllowWildCards = FALSE AllowAllPaths = FALSE AllowRemovableMedia = FALSE NoCopyPrompt = FALSE

SYSTEMROOT

???? ????? systemroot ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? %SystemRoot% ????? ?????? Windows ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????.

TYPE

type filename
???? ????? type ??? ??? ??? ???.

???????

???? ???????: 229716 - ????? ??? ??????: 18/????? ??????/1427 - ??????: 3.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
????? ??????: 
kbinfo KB229716

????? ???????

 

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