PRB: Accessing the Internet Explorer Document Object Model From Visual Basic

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Article ID: 238313 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q238313
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SYMPTOMS

In an article entitled "Accessing the Internet Explorer Document Object Model From Visual Basic 5.0", provided with the July 1999 edition of the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN), Figure 4 includes sample code for "Inspecting Elements in an HTML Document". When this code executes the following error may occur:
Run-time error '13':
Type mismatch

CAUSE

The code sample does not correctly handle cases where frames exist on a Web page.

RESOLUTION

The following code replaces the code sample in Figure 4. It modifies the RecurseFrames and FillTree procedures to correctly handle cases where frames exist on a Web page:
Option Explicit

Private Sub cmdBack_Click()
   On Error Resume Next
   WebBrowser1.GoBack
End Sub

Private Sub cmdForward_Click()
   On Error Resume Next
   WebBrowser1.GoForward
End Sub

Private Sub cmdGo_Click()
   WebBrowser1.Navigate txtAddress
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Load()
   WebBrowser1.Navigate "http://www.microsoft.com"
End Sub

Private Sub WebBrowser1_DocumentComplete(ByVal pDisp As Object, _
   URL As Variant)

   On Error Resume Next
   If (pDisp Is WebBrowser1.object) Then
      ' DocumentComplete event is fired for each frame on a page
      ' this condition means that the main document is fully loaded
      ' and you can use brwWebBrowser.Document property

      txtAddress = WebBrowser1.LocationURL
      Me.Caption = WebBrowser1.LocationName
      txtText = ""
      tvTreeView.Nodes.Clear
      RecurseFrames WebBrowser1.Document, Nothing
   End If
End Sub

Private Sub RecurseFrames(ByVal iDoc As HTMLDocument, _
   ByVal iNode As Node)
   Dim I As Integer
   Dim Range As IHTMLTxtRange
   Dim Title As String
   Dim TextInfo As String
   Dim tvNode As Node

   On Error Resume Next

   Title = iDoc.Title
   If Title = "" Then
      Title = iDoc.parentWindow.Name
      If Title = "" Then Title = iDoc.location
   End If

   If iNode Is Nothing Then
      ' if this is the first time, add a root node
      Set tvNode = tvTreeView.Nodes.Add(, , , Title)
   Else
      Set tvNode = tvTreeView.Nodes.Add(iNode.Index, tvwChild, , Title)
   End If

   TextInfo = "Frame: " & Title & vbCrLf & "{" + vbCrLf
    
    ' check to see if the document has a BODY
   If iDoc.body.tagName = "BODY" Then
      ' fill the tree with following collections
      FillTree iDoc, "OBJECT", tvNode, "ActiveX Controls"
      FillTree iDoc, "A", tvNode, "Anchors"
      FillTree iDoc, "IMG", tvNode, "Images"
      FillTree iDoc, "", tvNode, "All"

      ' use the text range object to get text out of BODY
      Set Range = iDoc.body.createTextRange
      TextInfo = TextInfo & Range.Text & vbCrLf
      Set Range = Nothing
   ElseIf iDoc.frames.length > 0 Then
      ' fill the tree with each Frame in the
      ' collection and traverse each Frame
      For I = 0 To iDoc.frames.length - 1
         TextInfo = TextInfo & "FRAME: " & _
            iDoc.frames(I).Document.nameProp & vbCrLf
         Dim doc As New HTMLDocument
         Dim eCollection As IHTMLElementCollection
         Dim uElement As HTMLUnknownElement
         Set eCollection = iDoc.frames(I).Document.All
         For Each uElement In eCollection
            If uElement.tagName = "HTML" Then
               doc.All(0).insertAdjacentHTML "BeforeBegin", _
                  uElement.innerHTML
               doc.Title = "Frame: " & _
                  iDoc.frames(I).Document.nameProp
               FillTree doc, "FRAME", tvNode, "FRAME"
               RecurseFrames doc, tvNode
               Set doc = Nothing
            End If
         Next uElement
      Next I
   End If

   txtText.Text = txtText.Text & TextInfo & "}" & vbCrLf

End Sub

Private Sub FillTree(iDoc As HTMLDocument, iMatchTag As String, _
  iNode As Node, iCategory As String)
   Dim Element As Object
   Dim Info As String
   Dim tvNode As Node
   Dim tvCatNode As Node

   On Error Resume Next

   Set tvCatNode = Nothing
   For Each Element In iDoc.All
      ' if the tag is the desired tag or all tags are desired
      If iMatchTag = "" Or Element.tagName = iMatchTag Then

         Info = Element.tagName & " "

         ' display information based on the tagName of the element
         If Element.tagName = "IMG" Then
            Info = Info & Element.href
         ElseIf Element.tagName = "A" Then
            Info = Info & Element.innerText & _
                        " (" & Element.href & ")"
         ElseIf Element.tagName = "INPUT" Then
            Info = Info & Element.Type
         ElseIf Element.tagName = "META" Then
            Info = Info & Element.nodeName
         ElseIf Element.tagName = "FRAMESET" Then
            Info = Info & Element.Name
         ElseIf Element.tagName = "FRAME" Then
            Info = Info & ": " & Element.src
         Else
            Info = Info & Element.Id
         End If

         If tvCatNode Is Nothing Then
            ' add the category node if its not there
            Set tvCatNode = tvTreeView.Nodes.Add(iNode.Index, _
               tvwChild, , iCategory)
         End If
         Set tvNode = tvTreeView.Nodes.Add(tvCatNode.Index, _
                      tvwChild, , Info)
      End If
      If Element.tagName = "FRAME" Then
         ' traverse each Frame in the collection
         Dim I As Long
         For I = 0 To iDoc.frames.length - 1
            ' process the current Frame contents
            If iDoc.frames(I).Document.nameProp _
              = Element.Document.nameProp Then
               Dim doc As New HTMLDocument
               Dim eCollection As IHTMLElementCollection
               Dim uElement As HTMLUnknownElement
               Set eCollection = iDoc.frames(I).Document.All
               For Each uElement In eCollection
                  If uElement.tagName = "HTML" Then
                     doc.All(0).insertAdjacentHTML "BeforeBegin", _
                        uElement.innerHTML
                     doc.Title = "Frame: " & _
                        iDoc.frames(I).Document.nameProp
                     RecurseFrames doc, tvNode
                     Set doc = Nothing
                  End If
                Next uElement
            End If
         Next I
      End If
   Next
End Sub
				

MORE INFORMATION

Use of the code included in this article is not supported. This sample is not supported by Microsoft Corporation. It is provided "AS IS".

REFERENCES

For more information about this topic, please see the article titled "Accessing the Internet Explorer Document Object Model From Visual Basic 5.0" included in the July 1999 edition of the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN). For additional information, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
162719 HOWTO: Use the WebBrowser Control from Visual Basic 5.0

Properties

Article ID: 238313 - Last Review: June 29, 2004 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 4.0 32-Bit Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbwebbrowser kbfile kbprb KB238313

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