S? khc bi?t gi?a h?ng d?n s? d?ng v nhanh chng s?a ch?a trong Windows

D?ch tiu ? D?ch tiu ?
ID c?a bi: 238359 - Xem s?n ph?m m bi ny p d?ng vo.
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Bi vi?t ny p d?ng cho Windows 2000. H? tr? cho Windows 2000 k?t thc vo ngy 13 thng 7 nm 2010. Cc Trung tm gi?i php k?t thc h? tr? Windows 2000 l m?t i?m kh?i ?u ? l?p k? ho?ch chi?n l?c c?a b?n di chuy?n t? Windows 2000. ? bi?t thm thng tin xem cc Chnh sch v?ng ?i h? tr? c?a Microsoft.
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Bi vi?t ny p d?ng cho Windows 2000. H? tr? cho Windows 2000 k?t thc vo ngy 13 thng 7 nm 2010. Cc Trung tm gi?i php k?t thc h? tr? Windows 2000 l m?t i?m kh?i ?u ? l?p k? ho?ch chi?n l?c c?a b?n di chuy?n t? Windows 2000. ? bi?t thm thng tin xem cc Chnh sch v?ng ?i h? tr? c?a Microsoft.
Bung t?t c? | Thu g?n t?t c?

? Trang ny

TM T?T

Windows bao g?m hai s? l?a ch?n s?a ch?a: h?ng d?n s? d?ng s?a ch?a ho?c s?a ch?a nhanh chng.

? xem cc l?a ch?n ny, kh?i ?ng t? phng ti?n truy?n thng ci ?t Windows, b?m r ? s?a ch?a v sau b?m r ? s? d?ng trong qu tr?nh s?a ch?a kh?n c?p. Khi b?n lm i?u ny, b?n xem cc ty ch?n sau:
  • H?ng d?n s? d?ng s?a ch?a: ? l?a ch?n t? m?t danh sch cc ty ch?n s?a ch?a, b?m M.
  • Nhanh chng s?a ch?a: ? th?c hi?n t?t c? cc ty ch?n s?a ch?a, b?m F.
Cc l?a ch?n s?a ch?a hai gy ra qu tr?nh s?a ch?a ? th?c hi?n cc nhi?m v? khc nhau.

THNG TIN THM

QUAN TR?NG: Xin vui l?ng khng th?c hi?n vi?c s?a ch?a m?t h?ng d?n s? d?ng ho?c nhanh trn b? i?u khi?n tn mi?n m khng c ki?n th?c c? th? v? lm th? no ? sao lu c s? d? li?u th m?c ho?t ?ng. N?u b?n lm nh?ng ty ch?n trn b? ki?m sot mi?n Windows 2000 Server b?n ch?y nguy c b? ghi ln th m?c ho?t ?ng c s? d? li?u t?i \WINNT\NTDS\ntds.dit.

Cc t?p tin Ntds.dit ch?a th m?c ho?t ?ng c?a b?n, bao g?m c? ti kho?n ng?i dng.

H?ng d?n s? d?ng s?a ch?a

Ty ch?n s?a ch?a h?ng d?n s? d?ng cung c?p cc l?a ch?n sau:
[X]  Inspect startup environment
[X]  Verify Windows system files
[X]  Inspect Boot Sector
     Continue <perform selected tasks>
				

Ki?m tra mi tr?ng kh?i ?ng

Ty ch?n ny s? ki?m tra ?ng ARC, cho m?t con ?ng ? Windows kh?i ?ng phn vng v % SystemRoot % c?p T?p boot.ini. N khng i?u ny b?ng cch s? d?ng cc t?p tin Setup.log trn ?a s?a ch?a kh?n c?p b?ng cch ?c cc gi tr? sau:
[?ng d?n]
TargetDirectory = "\WINNT"
TargetDevice = "\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1"
SystemPartitionDirectory = "\"
SystemPartition = "\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1"
N?u t?p Boot.ini l m?t tch, m?t h?nh m?i ?c t?o ra v?i m?t ?ng d?n h?p l? ARC. N?u t?p Boot.ini l hi?n nay, con ?ng ARC ki?m tra v C?p Nh?t n?u c?n thi?t.

Ki?m ch?ng t?p h? th?ng Windows

L?a ch?n ny xc nh?n r?ng m?i t?p tin trong phn vng h? th?ng/kh?i ?ng Windows l t?t v ph h?p v?i cc t?p tin ? ?c ban ?u ?c ci ?t. i?u ny bao g?m cc t?p tin Ntldr, Ntdetect.com, Arcsetup.exe v Arcldr.exe ?c s? d?ng ? kh?i ?ng my tnh khc nhau. Cc t?p tin Ntbootdd.sys ty ch?n khng bao gi? ki?m tra. S?a ch?a th?c hi?n ki?m tra ny b?ng cch s? d?ng cc t?p tin Setup.log ? so snh s? th?a chu k? ki?m tra (CRC) gi tr? cho m?i file. N?u t?p b? thi?u ho?c b? h?ng, b?n ?c nh?c thay th? ho?c b? qua cc t?p tin. N?u b?n ch?n ? thay th? t?p, b?n c?n ci ?t Windows ?a CD-ROM ho?c m?t OEM tr?nh i?u khi?n ?a c ch?a (cc) t?p chnh xc.

Ki?m tra r?nh ghi kh?i ?ng

Ty ch?n ny ? s?a ch?a khu v?c kinh t? kh?i ?ng phn vng h? th?ng ho?t ?ng v reinstalls ch?c nng b? n?p kh?i ?ng. N?u phn vng s? d?ng h? th?ng t?p tin FAT hay FAT32 v ch?a m?t r?nh ghi kh?i ?ng Windows khng, ty ch?n s?a ch?a ny c?ng t?o ra m?t t?p tin Bootsect.dos m?i s? s? d?ng ? kh?i ?ng kp MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows 95 ho?c Microsoft Windows 98 n?u cc h? i?u hnh ? ?c tr?c y c s?n ? ?c kh?i ?ng. N?u b?n c?ng ch?n cc Ki?m tra mi tr?ng kh?i ?ng ty ch?n v m?t t?p tin Bootsect.dos m?i ?c t?o ra, s?a ch?a cho bi?t thm cc m?c sau y vo t?p tin Boot.ini:
C: \ = "Microsoft Windows"
Lu ? r?ng ty ch?n Manual s?a ch?a khng cung c?p cho b?n m?t s? l?a ch?n ? s?a ch?a cc t?p tin registry Windows.

Nhanh chng s?a ch?a

Ty ch?n s?a ch?a nhanh chng th?c hi?n t?t c? cc cng vi?c s?a ch?a nh ty ch?n Manual s?a ch?a, nhng b?n khng ?c nh?c cho s? l?a ch?n. Ngoi ra ty ch?n s?a ch?a nhanh chng c? g?ng t?i m?i Windows registry file (SAM, an ninh, h? th?ng v ph?n m?m). N?u m?t t?p tin s? ng k? b? h?ng ho?c khng th? ?c n?p, s?a ch?a sao chp cc t?p tin b? thi?u ho?c h?ng ng k? t? cc SystemRoot\Repair th m?c ? cc SystemRoot\System32\Config th m?c.

B?i v? ty ch?n s?a ch?a nhanh chng c th? thay th? t?p ng k? v?i nh?ng ng?i t? cc SystemRootTh m?c \Repair, n c th? tr? l?i m?t ph?n c?a c?u h?nh h? i?u hnh c?a b?n quay l?i th?i gian khi l?n ?u tin ci Windows. N?u i?u ny x?y ra, b?n c?n ph?i khi ph?c c?a b?n sao lu l?n cu?i "tr?ng thi h? th?ng" ho?c t? sao chp m?t phin b?n m?i hn c?a cc t?p tin ng k? t? cc SystemRoot\Repair\Regback th m?c ? cc SystemRoot\System32\Config th m?c b?ng cch s? d?ng Recovery Console. Cc t?p tin n?m trong th m?c Regback t? l?n cu?i cng b?n t?o m?t ?a s?a ch?a kh?n c?p v ch?n tu? ch?n c?ng sao lu cc t?p tin ng k? vo th m?c s?a ch?a.

Thng tin chung

H?ng d?n s? d?ng s?a ch?a v s?a ch?a nhanh cc ty ch?n b?t ?u b?ng cch th?c hi?n m?t h? th?ng t?p tin phn vng kh?i ?ng, h? th?ng ki?m tra. N?u v?n ? h? th?ng t?p tin ?c pht hi?n v s?a ch?a trong ph?n ny c?a qu tr?nh s?a ch?a, b?n c th? c?n ph?i kh?i ?ng l?i my tnh c?a b?n v b?t ?u ti?n tr?nh s?a ch?a khc tr?c khi ho?t ?ng s?a ch?a th?c t? di?n ra.

Khng ph?i c?a s?a ch?a l?a ch?n thay th? cc SystemRoot\System32\Config.NT ho?c Autoexec.nt t?p tin. M?c d nh?ng t?p tin n?m trn ?a s?a ch?a kh?n c?p, h? khng ki?m tra ho?c thay th? trong khi b?t k? ho?t ?ng s?a ch?a.

?i v?i my tnh m khng c m?t ? ?a CD-ROM ?a phng g?n li?n (v d?, n?u Windows ? ?c ci ?t b?ng cch s? d?ng d?ch v? ci ?t t? xa, ho?c RIS), n c th? ? s?a ch?a h? th?ng t?p tin b?ng cch s? d?ng m?t trong nh?ng phng php ?c di?n t? trong bi vi?t c s? ki?n th?c Microsoft sau:
164471 Thay th? h? th?ng t?p tin b?ng cch s? d?ng m?t ?a s?a ch?a kh?n c?p s?a ?i
229716 M t? c?a Windows 2000 Recovery Console

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 238359 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 21 Thang Tam 2011 - Xem xt l?i: 2.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
T? kha:
kbinfo kbmt KB238359 KbMtvi
My d?ch
QUAN TRONG: Bi vi?t ny ?c d?ch b?ng ph?n m?m d?ch my c?a Microsoft ch? khng ph?i do con ng?i d?ch. Microsoft cung c?p cc bi vi?t do con ng?i d?ch v c? cc bi vi?t do my d?ch ? b?n c th? truy c?p vo t?t c? cc bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c c?a chng ti b?ng ngn ng? c?a b?n. Tuy nhin, bi vi?t do my d?ch khng ph?i lc no c?ng hon h?o. Lo?i bi vi?t ny c th? ch?a cc sai st v? t? v?ng, c php ho?c ng? php, gi?ng nh m?t ng?i n?c ngoi c th? m?c sai st khi ni ngn ng? c?a b?n. Microsoft khng ch?u trch nhi?m v? b?t k? s? thi?u chnh xc, sai st ho?c thi?t h?i no do vi?c d?ch sai n?i dung ho?c do ho?t ?ng s? d?ng c?a khch hng gy ra. Microsoft c?ng th?ng xuyn c?p nh?t ph?n m?m d?ch my ny.
Nh?p chu?t vo y ? xem b?n ti?ng Anh c?a bi vi?t ny:238359

Cung cp Phan hi

 

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