????? ????? DFS ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 244380 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ??? Microsoft ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? (DFSN) ??? ??????? ???? ??? DFS ?? ????? ??? NetBIOS (\\??????>\??????>). ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??? NetBIOS ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? NetBIOS ??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? DFS. ?????????? ???? ????? Windows ???? ??? ?? ???.

??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? NetBIOS. ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? Windows ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? WINS ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? DNS. ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? DFSN.

?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? DFSN ????? ?? ???? DNS ???. ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? DFSN ????? ?? ??? ??????.

?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??????. (?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????) ???? ???????? DFSN ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? \\???? NetBIOS>\????? ?????> ?? \\FQDN ??????>\????? ?????> ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????.

????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? DFS? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???? "Active Directory".

??????? ????

????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????:
  1. ????? ????? DNS ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????.
  2. ???? ?? ????? DNS ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????.
  3. ????? ?????? DFSN ????????? ???????? FQDN ???????? ?????? ?????.
  4. ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? FQDN ???????? ?????? ??????.

????? ??????? 3: ????? ?????? DFSN ????????? ???????? FQDN ???????? ?????? ?????

?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? 3? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????. ???? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? "????? ??????? ???????".

?????? ????? cmdlets DFSN Windows PowerShell ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? Windows 8 ?? Windows Server 2012.
  1. ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • Get-DfsnRoot -ComputerName <ServerName> |Where type -NotMatch "Standalone" 
    • dfsutil.exe server <ServerName> and manually identify the domain-based namespaces
    ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
  2. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???.

    ???? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • (Get-DfsnRootTarget ?Path <Namespace>).Count 
    • dfsutil.exe root <Namespace> 
    ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????????? > ???? ?? ???? ?? ???:
    \\contoso.com\DomainNamespace
    ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? C ???? ????.
  3. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???. ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??.

    ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????. (???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? DFS ???????? ??? ???? ?? Cmdlet ??????? ????????????.) ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????. (?????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? "????? ????? 4"). ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????.
  4. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???.

    ????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • Remove-DfsnRootTarget ?TargetPath <NamespaceRootTarget>
    • dfsutil.exe target Remove <NamespaceRootTarget> 
      ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????????????????> ?? ???? ?? ???: \\Contoso-FS.contoso.com\AccountingSoftware
  5. ????? ???? ???? ??? DFSN FQDN. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • Set-DfsnServerConfiguration ?ComputerName <ServerName> ?UseFqdn $true 
    • Dfsutil.exe server registry dfsdnsconfig set <ServerName> 
  6. ????? ????? ?????? DFSN. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • Stop-Service dfs; Start-Service dfs 
    • Net stop dfs; Net start dfs 
  7. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???.

    ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??????. ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • New-DfsnRootTarget ? TargetPath <RootTarget> [-Path <Namespace>] 
    • Dfsutil target add \\<RootTarget> 
  8. ???????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? B? ???? ??? ??????? ??????????:
    1. ??? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? B? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????. ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??????. (???? ????? "????? ????? 4").
    2. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? B? ??? ?????? ????.

??????? ?????? ???????? 4: ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? FQDN



???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ?????:
  1. ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????:

    dfsutil.exe root export \\contoso.com\<DomainNamespace1> C:\dir1\a.txt 
  2. ????? ??? ??????? FQDN ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????. ??? "???" XML ???? ????? ?? "?????" XML ???? ????? ???? NetBIOS ????? ?? ??? ????? FQDN ??????.

    ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???:

    <Target State="ONLINE" >\\FileServer-NetBIOS\Share1</Target>
    ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???:

    <Target State="ONLINE" >\\FileServer-FQDN\Share1</Target>
  3. ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????:

    dfsutil.exe root import set C:\dir1\a.txt \\contoso.com\<DomainNamespace1>

?????

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????:

???????

???? ???????: 244380 - ????? ??? ??????: 12/?? ?????/1434 - ??????: 4.0
????? ???
  • Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard
  • Windows Server 2012 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard
????? ??????: 
kbenv kbhowto kbnetwork kbmt KB244380 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????244380

????? ???????

 

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