Cch G? b? Linux v Ci ?t Windows trn My tnh c?a b?n

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ID c?a bi: 247804 - Xem s?n ph?m m bi ny p d?ng vo.
i vi phin ban Microsoft Windows XP cua bai vit nay, hay xem 314458.
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Tm t?t

Bai vit nay m ta cach b?n c th? g? b? h? i?u hnh Linux kh?i my tnh v ci ?t h? i?u hnh Windows. Bi vi?t ny c?ng gi? ?nh r?ng Linux ? ?c ci ?t trn ? ?a c?ng s? d?ng phn vng Linux g?c v Linux hon ?i, khng tng thch v?i h? i?u hnh Windows v khng c?n dung l?ng tr?ng trn ? ?a.

Windows v Linux khng th? cng t?n t?i trn m?t my tnh. ? bi?t thm thng tin, h?y tham kh?o ti li?u v? Linux c?a b?n.

Thng tin thm

? ci ?t Windows trn h? th?ng ? ci ?t Linux khi b?n mu?n g? b? Linux, b?n ph?i xa th? cng cc phn vng ?c s? d?ng b?i h? i?u hnh Linux. C th? t?o t? ?ng phn vng tng thch v?i Windows trong khi ci ?t h? i?u hnh Windows.

QUAN TRONG: Tr?c khi b?n lam theo cac bc trong bai vit nay, h?y xc minh r?ng b?n c ? ?a c th? kh?i ?ng ho?c CD-ROM c th? kh?i ?ng cho h? i?u hnh Linux, v? qu tr?nh ny s? g? b? hon ton h? i?u hnh Linux ?c ci ?t trn my tnh. N?u b?n c ? ?nh khi ph?c h? i?u hnh Linux sau, h?y xc minh r?ng b?n c?ng c b?n sao lu t?t t?t c? thng tin ?c lu tr? trn my tnh. Ngoi ra, b?n ph?i c phin b?n pht hnh ?y ? c?a h? i?u hnh Windows m b?n mu?n ci ?t.

Cc h? th?ng t?p Linux s? d?ng "siu kh?i" ? ?u phn vng ? ?a ? xc ?nh kch th?c, h?nh d?ng v i?u ki?n c b?n c?a h? th?ng t?p.

H? i?u hnh Linux th?ng ?c ci ?t trn phn vng lo?i 83 (Linux g?c) ho?c 82 (Linux hon ?i). C th? c?u h?nh tr?nh qu?n l? kh?i ?ng Linux (LILO) ? kh?i ?ng t?:
  • B?n ghi Kh?i ?ng Chnh (MBR) c?a ? ?a c?ng.
  • Th m?c g?c c?a phn vng Linux.
C th? s? d?ng cng c? Fdisk i km v?i Linux ? xa cc phn vng. (C cc ti?n ch khc c?ng ho?t t?t, ch?ng h?n nh Fdisk t? MS-DOS 5.0 tr? ln ho?c b?n c th? xa cc phn vng trong qu tr?nh ci ?t). ? g? b? Linux kh?i my tnh c?a b?n v ci ?t Windows:
  1. G? b? cc phn vng g?c, hon ?i v kh?i ?ng ?c s? d?ng b?i Linux:
    1. Kh?i ?ng my tnh b?ng ?a m?m thi?t l?p Linux, g? fdisk t?i d?u nh?c l?nh, sau nh?n ENTER.

      CHU Y: ? ?c tr? gip s? d?ng cng c? Fdisk, h?y g? m t?i d?u nh?c l?nh, sau nh?n ENTER.
    2. G? p t?i d?u nh?c l?nh, sau nh?n ENTER ? hi?n th? thng tin phn vng. M?c ?u tin ?c li?t k trong thng tin ? ?a c?ng 1, phn vng 1 v m?c th? hai ?c li?t k trong thng tin ? ?a c?ng 1, phn vng 2.
    3. G? d t?i d?u nh?c l?nh, sau nh?n ENTER. Sau b?n ?c nh?c nh?p s? phn vng m b?n mu?n xa. G? 1, sau nh?n ENTER ? xa s? phn vng 1. L?p l?i b?c ny cho ?n khi t?t c? phn vng ?u b? xa.
    4. G? w, sau nh?n ENTER ? ghi thng tin ny vo b?ng phn vng. M?t s? thng bo l?i c th? ?c t?o khi thng tin ?c ghi vo b?ng phn vng, nhng chng khng quan tr?ng t?i th?i i?m ny v? b?c ti?p theo l kh?i ?ng l?i my tnh r?i ci ?t h? i?u hnh m?i.
    5. G? q t?i d?u nh?c l?nh, sau nh?n ENTER ? thot cng c? Fdisk.
    6. Chn ?a m?m c th? kh?i ?ng ho?c CD-ROM c th? kh?i ?ng cho h? i?u hnh Windows trn my tnh, sau nh?n CTRL+ALT+DELETE ? kh?i ?ng l?i my tnh.
  2. Ci ?t Windows. Lam theo hng dn cai t cho h? i?u hnh Windows m b?n mu?n ci ?t trn my tnh. Qu tr?nh ci ?t h? tr? b?n t?o cc phn vng thch h?p trn my tnh.

V d? v? B?ng Phn vng Linux

M?t ? ?a SCSI

Kh?i ?ng Thi?t b?     B?t ?u K?t thc Kh?i  Id H? th?ng
/dev/sda1  *    1    500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng SCSI 1, phn vng 1)
/dev/sda2       501  522 176715  82 Linux hon ?i   (? ?a c?ng SCSI 1, phn vng 2)
				

Nhi?u ? ?a SCSI

    Kh?i ?ng Thi?t b?     B?t ?u K?t thc Kh?i  Id H? th?ng
/dev/sda1  *    1    500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng SCSI 1, phn vng 1)
/dev/sda2       501  522 176715  82 Linux hon ?i   (? ?a c?ng SCSI 1, phn vng 2)
/dev/sdb1         1    500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng SCSI 2, phn vng 1)
				

M?t ? ?a IDE

    Kh?i ?ng Thi?t b?     B?t ?u K?t thc Kh?i  Id H? th?ng
/dev/hda1    *     1     500  4016218 83  Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng IDE 1, phn vng 1)
/dev/hda2          501   522  176715  82  Linux hon ?i (? ?a c?ng IDE 1, phn vng 2)
				

Nhi?u ? ?a IDE

    Kh?i ?ng Thi?t b?     B?t ?u K?t thc Kh?i  Id H? th?ng
/dev/hda1    *     1     500  4016218 83  Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng IDE 1, phn vng 1)
/dev/hda2          501   522  176715  82  Linux hon ?i (? ?a c?ng IDE 1, phn vng 2)
/dev/hdb1           1    500  4016218  83  Linux g?c (? ?a c?ng IDE 2, phn vng 1)
				
Ngoi ra, Linux nh?n d?ng hn b?n mi lo?i phn vng khc nhau, ch?ng h?n nh:
  • FAT 12 (Lo?i 01)
  • FAT 16 > 32 M Chnh (Lo?i 06)
  • FAT 16 M? r?ng (Lo?i 05)
  • FAT 32 khng c LBA Chnh (Lo?i 0b)
  • FAT 32 c LBA Chnh (Lo?i 0c)
  • FAT 16 c LBA (Lo?i 0e)
  • FAT 16 c LBA M? r?ng (Lo?i 0f)
Lu ? r?ng c cc cch khc ? g? b? h? i?u hnh Linux v ci ?t Windows ngoi cch ?c ? c?p ? trn. Phng php tr?c ?c s? d?ng trong bi vi?t ny v? h? i?u hnh Linux hi?n ? ho?t ?ng v khng c?n dung l?ng trn ? ?a c?ng. C cc phng php thay ?i kch th?c phn vng v?i ph?n m?m. Microsoft khng h? tr? Windows ?c ci ?t trn cc phn vng ?c thao tc theo cch ny.

M?t phng php khc ? g? b? h? i?u hnh kh?i ? ?a c?ng v ci ?t h? i?u hnh khc l s? d?ng ?a kh?i ?ng MS-DOS phin b?n 5.0 tr? ln, ?a Kh?i ?ng Windows 95 ho?c ?a Kh?i ?ng Windows 98 c ch?a ti?n ch Fdisk. Ch?y ti?n ch Fdisk. N?u b?n c nhi?u ? ?a, c 5 l?a ch?n; s? d?ng ty ch?n 5 ? ch?n ? ?a c?ng c phn vng c?n xa. Sau , ho?c n?u b?n ch? c m?t ? ?a c?ng, h?y ch?n ty ch?n 3 ("Xa phn vng ho?c ? ?a DOS logic"), sau ch?n ty ch?n 4 ("Xa phn vng khng ph?i DOS"). Sau b?n s? th?y cc phn vng khng ph?i DOS m b?n mu?n xa. Thng th?ng, h? i?u hnh Linux c hai phn vng khng ph?i DOS, nhng c th? c nhi?u hn. Sau khi b?n xa m?t phn vng, h?y s? d?ng cc b?c tng t? ? xa b?t k? phn vng khng ph?i DOS thch h?p no khc.

Sau khi phn vng b? xa, b?n c th? t?o cc phn vng v ci ?t h? i?u hnh b?n mu?n. B?n ch? c th? t?o m?t phn vng chnh v m?t phn vng m? r?ng v?i nhi?u ? ?a logic b?ng cch s? d?ng Fdisk t? MS-DOS phin b?n 5.0 tr? ln, Windows 95 v Windows 98. Kch th?c phn vng chnh FAT16 t?i a l 2 gigabyte (GB). Kch th?c ? ?a logic FAT16 l?n nh?t l 2 GB. bit thm thng tin, hay bm vao s bai vit bn di xem bai vit trong C s Kin thc Microsoft:
105074 Cu h?i v Cu tr? l?i v? Phn vng MS-DOS 6.2
N?u b?n ang ci ?t Windows NT 4.0 ho?c Windows 2000, c th? g? b? phn vng Linux c?ng nh t?o v ?nh d?ng cc phn vng m?i b?ng lo?i h? th?ng t?p thch h?p trong qu tr?nh ci ?t. Windows cho php b?n t?o nhi?u phn vng chnh. Phn vng l?n nh?t m Windows NT 4.0 cho php b?n t?o trong qu tr?nh ci ?t l 4 GB do cc gi?i h?n c?a h? th?ng t?p FAT16 trong qu tr?nh ci ?t. Ngoi ra, cc phn vng 4 GB s? d?ng kch th?c c?m 64 KB. MS-DOS 6.x v Windows 95 ho?c Windows 98 khng nh?n d?ng h? th?ng t?p c?m 64 KB, v? v?y h? th?ng t?p ny th?ng ?c chuy?n ?i thnh NTFS trong khi ci ?t. Windows 2000, khng gi?ng Windows NT 4.0, nh?n d?ng h? th?ng t?p FAT32. Trong khi ci ?t Windows 2000, b?n c th? t?o ? ?a FAT32 r?t l?n. C th? chuy?n ?i ? ?a FAT32 thnh NTFS sau khi hon thnh ci ?t n?u thch h?p.

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 247804 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 29 Thang Mi Mt 2013 - Xem xt l?i: 3.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
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