When you enable secure communications (SSL and TLS) on an Internet Information Services (IIS) 5.0 computer, you must first obtain a server certificate. With the integration of certificates in Windows 2000 and the new additions to IIS 5.0, there are several ways to obtain a server certificate.
Usually, you would use the Web Server Certificate Wizard to perform this task; however, you can also use the Web forms that are included with Certificate Services 2.0 to create a key pair that is signed by your CA without having to use the Web Server Certificate Wizard. This can save time if you do not already have a site configured, but already know the information needed to create the certificate for the site.
To create a server certificate, perform the following steps:NOTE:
You must be an administrator to complete the following steps.
- On the computer where the Web site will reside, browse to your certificate server's Web pages (usually located at http://servername/certsrv, where servername is the name of the server hosting IIS and the certificate server).
- Choose Request a Certificate, and then click Next.
- Choose Advanced Request, and then click Next.
- Choose Submit a Certificate Request to This CA Using a Form, and then click Next.
- Under Identifying Information, in the Name field, choose a common name for the Web site.
For example, if users will type "https://server" into their browser, then the common name would be "server." However, if the user will contact your site using "https://www.server.com," then the common name will need to reflect this by using "www.server.com" as the server name.
- For the rest of the information under Identifying Information, follow the instructions for e-mail, company, and so on.
- In the Intended Purpose section, choose Server Authentication Certificate from the drop-down list.
- In the Key Options section, leave everything at the defaults, but click to enable the Use Local Machine Store option.
- Be sure to enable the Mark Private Key as Exportable check box if you want to backup this key pair later (recommended). If you do not do this, you will not have the option to export the private key at a later time (only the public key).
- Click Submit.
- When you are prompted to Install the Certificate, do so. This adds the certificate to your certificate store (the local computer store).
Now that you have a certificate in the local computer store, in order to use it in IIS, do the following:
- Open the Internet Services Manager (or custom MMC containing IIS) and navigate to the site where you want to enable secure communications.
- Right-click on the Web site and choose Properties.
- On the properties page for the site, click the Directory Security tab.
- Click Server Certificate.
- When the Web Server Certificate Wizard appears, click Next.
- Choose Assign an Existing Certificate, and then click Next.
- In the list, choose the certificate that you added to the store using the Certificate Web Forms, and then click Next.
- When the summary screen appears, showing you the certificate you are about to bind to the Web site, make sure the information is correct. If everything looks good, click Next.
- Click Finish to close the wizard.
- Test your site to make sure you can access it using an https request (for example, https://common name).
For more information, see the Internet Information Services 5.0 online documentation, which can be found at http://localhost/IISHelp (the default path).
Article ID: 248107 - Last Review: November 21, 2006 - Revision: 2.1
- Microsoft Internet Information Services 5.0
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This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.