Windows Vista 安装或 Windows NTFS 权限是必需的当您在具有 Windows 2000、 Windows XP 专业版、 Windows Server 2003,任何 NTFS 分区上运行 Word 时

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概要

本文介绍了 Microsoft Windows NTFS 文件系统权限所需执行任何已安装了下列 Microsoft Windows 操作系统之一的 NTFS 分区上的特定 Microsoft Word 操作时:
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP 专业版
  • Windows 2003 Server
  • Windows Vista

更多信息

文件系统文件夹和文件权限的说明

Windows 强制执行每个文件夹级别的安全性。计算机上的运行 Windows,如果用户中有没有文件夹权限的高级用户不能访问该文件夹,或查看其内容。

文件夹的权限控制对文件夹、 它的文件和子文件夹的常规访问。当授予文件夹级权限应用于所有文件和子目录中的文件夹除非在文件或子文件夹级别的权限会重定义。

可以将以下六个文件夹的权限授予在文件夹级别在 Windows 文件系统上。

Folder permission Explanation
List Folder Contents User can only list the files and subdirectories in this folder. User cannot open any files created in this folder.
Read User can read the contents of files in this folder.
Read & Execute User can read the contents of files in this folder and also execute files in this folder.
Modify User can read, write, execute, create, and delete files in this folder.
Write User can read, write, and create files or folders in this folder.
Full Control User can read and change files, add new ones, change permissions for the folder and its files, and take ownership of the folder and its files.


下表显示文件夹的权限与相关联的特殊权限逻辑的组。

Special permission Full Control Modify Read & Execute List Folder Contents Read Write
Traverse Folder/Execute File x x x x    
List Folder/Read Data x x x x x  
Read Attributes x x x x x  
Read Extended Attributes x x x x x  
Create Files/Write Data x x       x
Create Folders/Append Data x x       x
Write Attributes x x       x
Write Extended Attributes x x       x
Delete Subfolders and Files x          
Delete x x        
Read Permissions x x x x x x
Change Permissions x          
Take Ownership x          
Synchronize x x x x x x


文件权限控制对访问文件夹中的特定文件。它们用于重新定义继承文件夹权限的用户的权限。

可以在 Windows 文件系统上文件级别授予以下权限。

File permission Description
Read & Execute User can read the contents of a file or execute a file.
Read User can read the content of the file.
Modify User can read, write, delete, and create a file.
Write User can write to files.
Full Control (All) User can read and change the file, add new ones, change permissions for the file, and take ownership of the file.


下表显示了与文件的权限相关联的特殊权限逻辑组。

Special permission Full Control Modify Read & Execute Read Write
Traverse Folder/Execute File x x x    
List Folder/Read Data x x x x  
Read Attributes x x x x  
Read Extended Attributes x x x x  
Create Files/Write Data x x     x
Create Folders/Append Data x x     x
Write Attributes x x     x
Write Extended Attributes x x     x
Delete Subfolders and Files x        
Delete x x      
Read Permissions x x x x x
Change Permissions x        
Take Ownership x        
Synchronize x x x x x

文件和文件夹的特殊权限的说明

您可以设置文件和文件夹上的任何或所有下列特殊权限。

Special permission Description
Traverse Folder/Execute File Traverse Folder allows or denies moving through folders to reach other files or folders, even if the user has no permissions for the traversed folders (applies to folders only). Traverse Folder takes effect only when the group or user is not granted the Bypass Traverse Checking user right in the Group Policy snap-in. (By default, the Everyone group is given the Bypass Traverse Checking user right.)

Execute File allows or denies running program files (applies to files only).

NOTE: Setting the Traverse Folder permission on a folder does not automatically set the Execute File permission on all files within that folder.
List Folder/Read Data List Folder allows or denies viewing file names and subfolder names within the folder (applies to folders only). Read Data allows or denies viewing data in files (applies to files only).
Read Attributes Allows or denies viewing the attributes of a file or folder, such as read-only and hidden. Attributes are defined by NTFS file system.
Read Extended Attributes Allows or denies viewing the extended attributes of a file or folder. Extended attributes are defined by programs and may vary by program.
Create Files/Write Data Create Files allows or denies creating files within the folder (applies to folders only).

Write Data allows or denies making changes to the file and overwriting existing content (applies to files only).
Create Folders/Append Data Create Folders allows or denies creating folders within the folder (applies to folders only).

Append Data allows or denies making changes to the end of the file but not changing, deleting, or overwriting existing data (applies to files only).
Write Attributes Allows or denies changing the attributes of a file or folder, such as read-only or hidden. Attributes are defined by NTFS.
Write Extended Attributes Allows or denies changing the extended attributes of a file or folder. Extended attributes are defined by programs and may vary by program.
Delete Subfolders and Files Allows or denies deleting subfolders and files, even if the Delete permission has not been granted on the subfolder or file.
Delete Allows or denies deleting the file or folder. If you do not have Delete permission on a file or folder, you can still delete it if you have been granted Delete Subfolders and Files on the parent folder.
Read Permissions Allows or denies reading permissions of the file or folder, such as Full Control, Read, and Write.
Change Permissions Allows or denies changing permissions of the file or folder, such as Full Control, Read, and Write.
Take Ownership Allows or denies taking ownership of the file or folder. The owner of a file or folder can always change permissions on it, regardless of any existing permissions that protect the file or folder.
Synchronize Allows or denies different threads permission to wait on the handle for the file or folder and synchronize with another thread that may signal it. This permission applies only to multithreaded, multiprocess programs.

仅读取文档所需的 NTFS 权限

READ,或读取和执行
以下是用户需要运行 (它们只需要能够读取这些文件夹中) 的 Word 只读取或读取和执行权限的文件夹的列表:
  • Word 程序文件夹树 (管理安装) 的服务器位置
  • Microsoft 应用程序 (MSAPPS) 的共享文件夹树 (管理安装) 的服务器位置
  • Windows 的程序文件夹,如果运行共享的 Windows
  • 图形或其他不希望用户能够修改在 Word 中的链接的源文件的存储位置的所有服务器目录
: 您需要另外,应用到这些位置中的所有文件的只读和可共享的标志。通常,Windows 网络管理员设置权限和属性的此序列之后执行服务器安装的 Windows 或程序。

创建或修改文档所需的 NTFS 权限

修改或 $ 完全控制
以下是用户需要运行 Word 的这些权限的文件夹的列表:
  • 工作站的 Word 程序文件夹树,如果它位于服务器上
  • 如果它位于服务器上的临时文件夹
  • 用户在哪里存储文档的任何服务器文件夹
  • 任何对链接的源代码文件的位置,用户需要修改 (如 Microsoft Excel 工作表或图表) 的服务器文件夹
: 最小权限设置需要以打开,编辑,和 Windows 中的文档存储文件夹是修改。

缺少的 NTFS 权限的症状

Permission Symptom
Write and List Folder contents The error message "Word cannot open the document" appears when you try to open a file.
Read, Write These permissions allow you to open a document, but when you close the document, the temp files associated with this document are not deleted. Also you cannot save the document, because the temp files cannot be modified or deleted.

属性

文章编号: 277867 - 最后修改: 2007年4月20日 - 修订: 2.1
这篇文章中的信息适用于:
  • Microsoft Office Word 2007
  • Microsoft Office Word 2003
  • Microsoft Word 2002 标准版
  • Microsoft Word 2000 标准版
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