Windows Vista 安裝或 Windows NTFS 權限是必要的當您在具有 Windows 2000、 Windows XP 商用版、 Windows Server 2003 的任何 NTFS 磁碟分割上執行 Word 時

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結論

本文將告訴您,當您執行具有下列 Microsoft Windows 作業系統安裝其中任何 NTFS 磁碟分割上的特定 Microsoft Word 作業時所需之 Microsoft Windows NTFS 檔案系統權限:
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP 商用版
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Vista

其他相關資訊

檔案系統資料夾和檔案權限的描述

Windows 會強制執行每個資料夾層級的安全性。在執行 Windows 的電腦上使用者如果使用者的高階的資料夾沒有權限無法存取該資料夾,或檢視其內容。

資料夾權限控制一般存取資料夾、 它的檔案及它的子資料夾。當授與資料夾] 層級權限套用到所有檔案和該資料夾中的子目錄除非權限會重新定義在檔案或子資料夾層級。

下列六個資料夾的使用權限可以授與在 Windows 檔案系統上的資料夾層級。

Folder permission Explanation
List Folder Contents User can only list the files and subdirectories in this folder. User cannot open any files created in this folder.
Read User can read the contents of files in this folder.
Read & Execute User can read the contents of files in this folder and also execute files in this folder.
Modify User can read, write, execute, create, and delete files in this folder.
Write User can read, write, and create files or folders in this folder.
Full Control User can read and change files, add new ones, change permissions for the folder and its files, and take ownership of the folder and its files.


下表顯示資料夾的使用權限相關聯的特殊權限邏輯群組。

Special permission Full Control Modify Read & Execute List Folder Contents Read Write
Traverse Folder/Execute File x x x x    
List Folder/Read Data x x x x x  
Read Attributes x x x x x  
Read Extended Attributes x x x x x  
Create Files/Write Data x x       x
Create Folders/Append Data x x       x
Write Attributes x x       x
Write Extended Attributes x x       x
Delete Subfolders and Files x          
Delete x x        
Read Permissions x x x x x x
Change Permissions x          
Take Ownership x          
Synchronize x x x x x x


檔案權限控制存取資料夾中的特定檔案。它們用來重新定義權限,使用者會繼承資料夾的使用權限。

在 Windows 檔案系統上檔案層級,可以被授與下列使用權限。

File permission Description
Read & Execute User can read the contents of a file or execute a file.
Read User can read the content of the file.
Modify User can read, write, delete, and create a file.
Write User can write to files.
Full Control (All) User can read and change the file, add new ones, change permissions for the file, and take ownership of the file.


下表顯示檔案權限相關聯的特殊權限邏輯群組。

Special permission Full Control Modify Read & Execute Read Write
Traverse Folder/Execute File x x x    
List Folder/Read Data x x x x  
Read Attributes x x x x  
Read Extended Attributes x x x x  
Create Files/Write Data x x     x
Create Folders/Append Data x x     x
Write Attributes x x     x
Write Extended Attributes x x     x
Delete Subfolders and Files x        
Delete x x      
Read Permissions x x x x x
Change Permissions x        
Take Ownership x        
Synchronize x x x x x

檔案及資料夾的特殊權限的描述

您可以設定任何或所有下列特殊權限的檔案及資料夾。

Special permission Description
Traverse Folder/Execute File Traverse Folder allows or denies moving through folders to reach other files or folders, even if the user has no permissions for the traversed folders (applies to folders only). Traverse Folder takes effect only when the group or user is not granted the Bypass Traverse Checking user right in the Group Policy snap-in. (By default, the Everyone group is given the Bypass Traverse Checking user right.)

Execute File allows or denies running program files (applies to files only).

NOTE: Setting the Traverse Folder permission on a folder does not automatically set the Execute File permission on all files within that folder.
List Folder/Read Data List Folder allows or denies viewing file names and subfolder names within the folder (applies to folders only). Read Data allows or denies viewing data in files (applies to files only).
Read Attributes Allows or denies viewing the attributes of a file or folder, such as read-only and hidden. Attributes are defined by NTFS file system.
Read Extended Attributes Allows or denies viewing the extended attributes of a file or folder. Extended attributes are defined by programs and may vary by program.
Create Files/Write Data Create Files allows or denies creating files within the folder (applies to folders only).

Write Data allows or denies making changes to the file and overwriting existing content (applies to files only).
Create Folders/Append Data Create Folders allows or denies creating folders within the folder (applies to folders only).

Append Data allows or denies making changes to the end of the file but not changing, deleting, or overwriting existing data (applies to files only).
Write Attributes Allows or denies changing the attributes of a file or folder, such as read-only or hidden. Attributes are defined by NTFS.
Write Extended Attributes Allows or denies changing the extended attributes of a file or folder. Extended attributes are defined by programs and may vary by program.
Delete Subfolders and Files Allows or denies deleting subfolders and files, even if the Delete permission has not been granted on the subfolder or file.
Delete Allows or denies deleting the file or folder. If you do not have Delete permission on a file or folder, you can still delete it if you have been granted Delete Subfolders and Files on the parent folder.
Read Permissions Allows or denies reading permissions of the file or folder, such as Full Control, Read, and Write.
Change Permissions Allows or denies changing permissions of the file or folder, such as Full Control, Read, and Write.
Take Ownership Allows or denies taking ownership of the file or folder. The owner of a file or folder can always change permissions on it, regardless of any existing permissions that protect the file or folder.
Synchronize Allows or denies different threads permission to wait on the handle for the file or folder and synchronize with another thread that may signal it. This permission applies only to multithreaded, multiprocess programs.

只有讀取文件所需的 NTFS 使用權限

讀取,OR 讀取 & EXECUTE
以下是使用者需要執行 Word (它們只需要能夠讀取這些資料夾中) 只讀取 」 或 「 讀取 & 執行 」 權限的資料夾清單:
  • Word 程式資料夾樹狀目錄 (系統管理安裝) 的伺服器位置
  • 共用 Microsoft 應用程式 (MSAPPS) 資料夾樹狀目錄 (系統管理安裝) 的伺服器位置
  • Windows 程式資料夾,如果執行共用的 Windows
  • 您儲存圖形或您不想讓使用者能夠修改 Word 中的連結其他原始程式檔的任何伺服器目錄
注意: 您需要在另外套用這些位置中的所有檔案的唯讀和可共用旗標。通常是,Windows 網路系統管理員會設定這個順序的權限和屬性在執行 Windows 或程式的伺服器安裝之後。

建立或修改文件所需的 NTFS 使用權限

修改 OR FULL 控制
以下是使用者需要這些權限來執行 Word 的資料夾清單:
  • 工作站的 Word 程式資料夾樹狀目錄,如果位在伺服器上
  • 如果位在伺服器上的暫存資料夾
  • 任何使用者儲存文件的伺服器資料夾
  • 任何連結的來源檔的位置,使用者必須修改 (例如,Microsoft Excel 工作表或圖表) 的伺服器資料夾
注意: 設定的最小權限需要開啟,編輯,並儲存文件內一個 Windows 資料夾是修改。

遺失 NTFS 權限的徵狀

Permission Symptom
Write and List Folder contents The error message "Word cannot open the document" appears when you try to open a file.
Read, Write These permissions allow you to open a document, but when you close the document, the temp files associated with this document are not deleted. Also you cannot save the document, because the temp files cannot be modified or deleted.

屬性

文章編號: 277867 - 上次校閱: 2007年4月20日 - 版次: 2.1
這篇文章中的資訊適用於:
  • Microsoft Office Word 2007
  • Microsoft Office Word 2003
  • Microsoft Word 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 2000 Standard Edition
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