????????? ???? ?? ?? Windows ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 279112 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

??????

?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???

?? ?? Windows ????? ?????, ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???. inf ??????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????

???:: ?? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? (GUI) ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ???-??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ?????

???? ???????

???-??????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
220845Windows ????? ?? ????? ?????-???? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??

???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? IDs ?? ??. inf ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? Identifications (IDs) ????????? (?????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? BIOS ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???) ?? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???

???? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???. inf ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???. inf ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??:
HKEY LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
DevicePath:Reg_Expand_SZ:%Systemroot%\Inf

???:: ??? ??????? ??? ???, ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????????, ?????, ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ??OemPnpDriversPath =?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???

?????. inf ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?? "??????" ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? 0xFFFF worst ??????? ??? 0 ?????? "" "?? 0xFFFF 0" ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??, ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???

?????? ??????? rankings ?? ??? ????? ?????????:
  • 0x0 ???? ?? ??? 0xfff: ?????? ?? ????????? ID. inf ????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ID ?? ??? ?? ????
  • 0x1000 ???? ?? ??? 0x1fff: ?????? ?? ????????? ID ??? ???? IDs. inf ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????
  • 0x2000 ???? ?? ??? 0x2fff: ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? IDs ???. inf ????? ??? ????????? ID ?? ????
  • 0x3000 ???? ?? ??? 0x3fff: ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? IDs ???. inf ????? ??? ???? ID ?? ????
  • 0xFFFF: worst ??? ???????
Windows XP ?? Windows Server 2003 ???, ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???:
  • 0x8000 ???? ?? ??? 0x8FFF: ?????????? ????????? ID ?? ??? ???? ??
  • 0x9000 ???? ?? ??? 0x9FFF: ?????????? ???? ID ?? ??? ???? ??
???. inf ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? Windows NT-??????? decorations ??? ???? ?? (Windows NT, Windows 95 ?? Windows 98 ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ????, ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????????? ???? ???)?

??? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??, ????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ????????? ????
?????? ??????? ?????? 0x0 ???? ?? ??? 0xfff ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? "????????? ID ?? ???" ??????? ?? ????????? ID. ???? ?? ??? ????????? ID ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? "????" ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ID ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???? installers ?? co-installers ?? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? "??????" ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? flagging ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??, ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???

???????, ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????, ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ??, ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ??, ?? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ?????? 0xFFFFFFFF ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???

??? OEM-?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??, ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? worse ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? OEM-?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????-??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??, ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????

?? ?? ????? ?????, ??? ???. inf ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???, ?? ?????? ?? ??????? postponed ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????? (???? ????? ?? ?????) ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ??. inf ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??, "??? ????????? ????" ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????

?????? ?? ???, ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ?????. inf ???????, Nv3_disp.inf ?? Nv4_disp.inf ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ID ?? ??? ?? PCI ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? 0xFFFFFFFF ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ?????? ???, ?? ??????? ????? D:\Drivers\Video1 ?? D:\Drivers\Video2 ??????? ??? ????? ????

??????? Devicepath ??? = ????????? ???????????? ?? %Systemroot%\Inf;%systemdrive%\Drivers\Video1;%systemdrive%\Drivers\Video2 ??? ???

???:: % SystemRoot % ?? D:\Winnt ?? % Systemdrive % ?? D:

????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???. inf ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?????, ???? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???

????? excerpt Setupapi. log ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? For this example, the Logging mode for setup had been placed in the Verbose mode by using the following article:
243996How to enable Verbose Logging in Windows 2000 GUI-Mode Setup

If Setup runs normally, you do not observe this much detail in the Setupapi.log file.

When a device is queried, it returns a list of hardware IDs and compatible IDs. Not all devices return multiple IDs, but in most cases, they do. In this example, a video card returns the following IDs:
Searching for hardware IDs:
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028&subsys_5a001092&rev_11,
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028&subsys_5a001092,
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028&cc_030000,
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028&cc_0300
Searching for compatible IDs:
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028&rev_11,
Pci\Ven_10de&dev_0028,
Pci\Ven_10de&cc_030000,
Pci\Ven_10de&cc_0300,
Pci\Ven_10de,pci\cc_030000,
Pci\Cc_0300
Enumerating files D:\Winnt\Inf\*.inf
@ 07:11:59.191 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\1394.inf".
@ 07:11:59.191 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\accessor.inf".
@ 07:11:59.191 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\acpi.inf".
@ 07:11:59.191 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\adm_mult.inf".
@ 07:11:59.191 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\adm_port.inf".
@ 07:11:59.207 : Opened PNF of "D:\Winnt\Inf\agtinst.inf".
.
.
.
Enumerating files D:\Drivers\Video1\*.inf
@ 07:12:00.660 : Opened PNF of "D:\Drivers\Video1\NV4_DISP.inf".
@ 07:12:00.660 : The file (D:\Drivers\Video1\NV4_DISP.inf) is not digitally
 signed, ignoring driver date.
@ 07:12:00.660 :Found Pci\VEN_10DE&DEV_0028 in 
D:\Drivers\Video1\NV4_DISP.inf; Device: NVIDIA RIVA TNT2; Driver: NVIDIA 
RIVA TNT2; Provider: NVIDIA; Mfg: NVIDIA; Section: nv4
@ 07:12:00.660 : Decorated section name: nv4
Enumerating files D:\Drivers\Video2\*.inf
@ 07:12:00.660 : Opened PNF of "D:\Drivers\Video2\NV3_DISP.inf".
@ 07:12:00.675 : The file (D:\Drivers\Video2\NV3_DISP.inf) is not digitally
 signed, ignoring driver date.
@ 07:12:00.675 : Found PCI\VEN_10DE&DEV_0028 in
 D:\Drivers\Video2\NV3_DISP.inf; Device: NVIDIA RIVA TNT2; Driver: NVIDIA
 RIVA TNT2; Provider: NVIDIA; Mfg: NVIDIA; Section: nv4
@ 07:12:00.675 : Decorated section name: nv4
@ 07:12:01.706 : Device install function: DIF_SELECTBESTCOMPATDRV.
@ 07:12:01.706 : Executing class installer.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Completed class installer.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Executing default installer.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Selected driver installs from section nv4 in D:\Drivers\Video1\Nv4_disp.inf.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Changed class GUID of device to {4D36E968-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Set selected driver.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Selected best compatible driver.
@ 07:12:01.894 : Completed default installer.
@ 07:12:06.565 : Device install function: DIF_ALLOW_INSTALL.
@ 07:12:06.565 : Executing class installer.
@ 07:12:06.565 : Completed class installer.
@ 07:12:06.581 : Device install function: DIF_INSTALLDEVICEFILES.
@ 07:12:06.581 : Executing class installer.
@ 07:12:06.581 : Completed class installer.
@ 07:12:06.581 : Executing default installer.
				
In the example output, Setup selected and installed the device driver by using the D:\Drivers\Video1\Nv4_disp.inf file because Setup found that device driver to be the most suitable match.

To easily locate the installed devices and the .inf files that had been used to install the device, open the %Systemroot%\Setupapi.log file in Windows Notepad and search for DIF_SelectBestCompatDrv for Plug and Play installed devices or DIF_SelectDevice for devices that had been installed manually.

???

???? ID: 279112 - ????? ???????: 02 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 2.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
??????: 
kbenv kbinfo kbsetup kbmt KB279112 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:279112

??????????? ???

 

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