如何使用 Office XP 安裝程式的命令列參數

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結論

Office 安裝程式接受數目選擇性的命令列參數的可用來控制安裝程式的運作方式。本文列出參數,並說明每個開關的功能。

其他相關資訊

下列的命令列選項搭配安裝程式命令列。利用命令列選項系統管理員可以控制如何使用 Windows 安裝程式封裝 (MSI 檔) 和轉換 (MST 檔) 的程式安裝軟體應用程式。

如果您打算使用數個安裝程式內容,將它們鍵入方塊中安裝設定檔 (Setup.ini),以減少遇到命令列長度限制的可能性。

重要附註
  • 參數不區分大小寫 ,/A,例如 是/a 一樣。
  • 除了在特別提到您可以只使用這些參數,當您執行的 Microsoft Office XP 初始安裝時。
  • 如果安裝程式設定檔 (Setup.ini) 或轉型 (MST 檔) 中,您就會使用,也可以使用的安裝程式命令列選項,命令列選項通常會優先採用。
  • Windows 「 安裝程式封裝 (MSI 檔案) 應該在相同 Setup.exe 的資料夾。Microsoft Office 的情況下 Windows 安裝程式封裝必須是系統管理安裝點的根資料夾中。
  • 當您使用 [多個交換器以空白空格分隔它們。比方說使用下列的命令列使用特定的安裝程式檔案和寫入記錄檔的結果:
    安裝/i ProPlus.msi /l* c:\logfile.txt
  • 當 Setup.exe 結束時,會設定 %errorlevel%,如果遇到錯誤。如果使用者取消安裝程式,傳回 errorlevel 會是零 (0) 表示沒有發生任何錯誤。
下表列出了安裝程式參數:

 Switch              Description                 
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /?                  Displays a dialog box pointing to the Office 
                     Resource Kit at http://www.microsoft.com/Office/ORK/.
                     
                     NOTE: The link to the Office XP Office Resource Kit is
                     now http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/FX011511511033.aspx 
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /a <msifile>        Setup performs an administrative installation using 
                     the specified Microsoft Installer (.msi) file to 
                     create an administrative install point. The .msi file
                     must be in the same folder as Setup.exe.

                     NOTE: To create an administrative installation, 
                     you must use an Enterprise edition of Office. 

                     Example: /a ProPlus.msi
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /autorun            Only used in the Autorun.inf file. This switch's  
                     purpose is to indicate that Setup is being run by
                     Windows automatically after you insert the Office CD  
                     in the CD-ROM drive.

                     CAUTION: Do not modify the Autorun.inf file. The 
                     information it contains is necessary for the correct
                     operation of Setup.
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/f<options>          Setup repairs the Office installation. The .msi file 
   <package path>    specified must be .msi file used to install Office 
                     originally. The .msi file must be in the same folder 
                     as Setup.exe.

                     The Detect and Repair command (Help menu) in Office
                     programs performs the same function as using the 
                     following options, /focums.

                     If you run Setup and click Reinstall, Setup performs
                     the same function as using the following options, 
                     /fecum. Valid options are:

                     a  Force all files to be reinstalled regardless of 
                        checksum or version.

                     c  Reinstall a file if it is missing or damaged (the 
                        stored checksum does not match the computed 
                        checksum value).

                     d  Reinstall a file if it is missing, or a different 
                        version is present.

                     e  Reinstall a file if it is missing, or an equal or 
                        older version is present.

                     m  Rewrite all required local machine registry values.

                     o  Reinstall a file if it is missing, or an older 
                        version is present.

                     p  Reinstall a file only if it is missing.

                     s  Reinstall all shortcuts, overwriting any existing 
                        shortcuts.

                     u  Rewrite all required user registry values.

                     v  Run from the source package and re-cache the local 
                        package.

                     Example: /focums ProPlus.msi
				
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /i <msifile>        Setup installs programs by using the Windows
                     Installer package (MSI file) specified. The MSI 
                     file must be in the same folder as Setup.exe. If 
                     the file is not in the same folder as Setup.exe,
                     it should be moved there, or a path to the file 
                     must be included. When running Setup.exe, /i is 
                     the default behavior, using the msifile specified
                     in Setup.ini.

                     Examples: /i ProPlus.msi
                               /i "subfolder1\ProPlus.msi"
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /j<option>          Creates an icon representing an Office program or
   <package path>    feature that is configured during Setup to install 
                     the first time you use it ("installed on first use").
                     Valid options are:

                     u  Current user logged on to Windows.
   
                     m   All users using the computer.

                                          
                     NOTE: If you specify the /j option in the Setup 
                     command line, the only additional command-line
                     options you can use, in addition to the /t sub 
                     option, are /q, /l, and /settings. All other 
                     command-line options are ignored.

                     NOTE: In the case of Microsoft Office, use the /j
                     option only when running Setup from an
                     administrative installation point.

                     Example: /ju c:\ProPlus.msi
                     Example: /ju c:\ProPlus.msi /t install.mst
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /l<option>          Logs switches for Msiexec.exe (the Windows Installer)
   <logfile>         and specifies the path to the log file. The flags 
                     indicate which information to log. Valid options are:

                     a  Startup of actions            

                     c  Initial UI parameters

                     e  All error messages

                     i  Status messages

                     m  Out of memory
 
                     o  Disk space errors
				
                     r  Action-specific records

                     p  Terminal properties

                     u  User requests

                     v  Verbose output

                     w  Nonfatal warnings

                     +  Append to existing file

                     *  Log all information except verbose output. You can 
                        use the v switch along with the asterisk, /l*v.

                     !  Writes each line to the log file. The default 
                        behavior is to cache 20 lines of log file text 
                        into memory and then write 20 lines to the log 
                        file at once. This is done to improve performance.

                     NOTE: For more information, refer to the Knowledge
                     Base article Q297107: You receive the "Installer
                     terminated prematurely" error message when you use
                     the ! logging option to install Office XP.
                       
                     Example: /l* c:\logfile.txt

                     This example creates the following verbose log 
                     files, using all logging mode options:

                     Setup.exe log file:   c:\logfile.txt	
                     OSP log file:         c:\logfile_Task(0001).txt
                     Office log file:      c:\logfile_Task(0002).txt
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/m <.mif file>      Specifies an SMS .mif file name of 8 characters or less.
                    
                    NOTE: Do not include the .mif extension with the 
                    filename; otherwise, the command line will return the 
                    following error: "Invalid command line".
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /noreboot        Setup.exe will not restart the computer or display 
                    the restart dialog box at the end of an installation. 
                    It also passes REBOOT=ReallySuppress to every MSI
                    in the list of chained installs, except for the 
                    last entry in the chain. Conversely, if you
                    pass REBOOT=ReallySuppress as a property, it sets
                    /noreboot and passes REBOOT=ReallySuppress to each
                    MSI listed in the list of chained installs, except
                    for the last entry in the chain.


                   NOTE: Office XP Japanese Edition includes IME. 
                   IME needs to restart the computer. To avoid to display 
                   the restart dialog box at the end of an installation, 
                   you have to use REBOOT=ReallySuppress with *.MSI file to 
                   install.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /nosp              Override system pack detection logic and don't
                    call the System Files Update (OSP.msi). It is 
                    possible for an install process to fail
                    if the OSP.msi is not installed when needed. 
                    Caution should be used when including this option.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
				
 <PROPERTY>=<value>  Specifies a value for any of the Installer properties 
                     (see the Office Resource Kit for a complete list 
                     of valid properties). If the property value contains 
                     spaces, enclose the string in quotation marks 
                     ("<value>"). You can specify more than one property 
                     and value pair on the command line separated by 
                     spaces.

                     Only public properties are set on the Setup 
                     command line. Public properties are all upper-
                     case; you do not have to type the property 
                     names in upper-case on the command line. Private
                     properties--properties consisting of mixed-case
                     letters--are not recognized by Setup on the 
                     command line. You can set private properties in 
                     the Modify Setup Properties page of the wizard.

                     Example: TRANSFORMS="c:\acct dept" 
                              DISABLEROLLBACK=1
                              USERNAME="Mikey"
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /q<option>          Selects the user-interface level. Valid options are

                     n  None - No user interface is displayed.

                     b  Basic - Only simple progress indicators and errors 
                        are displayed.

                     r  Reduced - No user information is collected, and 
                        no progress indicators are displayed.
               
                     f  Full - All indicators with a modal dialog box at 
                        the end of Setup.

                     +  Adds a completion message to the /n or /b 
                        option. The message is displayed only if Setup
                        does not need to restart after the installation
                        is complete.
                     
                     -  Added after the b, f, n, or r option to 
                        suppress all modal dialogs.

                     NOTE: You can only use this switch with an 
                     Enterprise edition of Office. 

                     Example: /qb-
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /settings file      Specifies a Setup settings file for customizing
                     Setup actions. If the file is not located in the
                     same folder as Setup.exe, include the path; 
                     however, it is recommended the file be in the same 
                     directory as Setup.exe. Specifying a 
                     settings file forces Setup to use the referenced
                     file in place of Setup.ini.

                     Example:
                     /settings MyApp.ini

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 /SPForce            Install the System Files Update (OSP.msi) even 
                     if the auto-detection process determines it is 
                     not required. Not supported on Windows 2000 and
                     Windows Millennium, where the OSP.msi cannot be
                     installed.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 /SPOnly             Install only the System Files Update (OSP.msi).
                     Do not install Office. This option only applies
                     to installations of Microsoft Office on Windows
                     98 or Windows NT 4. This switch is useful for
                     pre-deployment of the System Files Update in
                     preparation for Office deployment.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
  /t <transform>     Specifies the name of the transform (.mst) file. The 
                     /i switch is required with the /t switch. When using 
                     the /j switch with a transforms file, the /t switch 
                     must be used; otherwise the TRANSFORMS property should 
                     be used.

                     Example: /t acct.mst /i off9.msi
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /wait               Wait for the installation to complete before quitting 
                     the Setup program.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /webinstall url     Set the URL path to install the program from. The
                     URL provided is considered the root of an Office
                     administrative installation point. If Setup.exe 
                     determines it was started from Internet Explorer, 
                     Setup.exe queries the system to determine what HTTP
                     path it was started from, and this switch is not 
                     required. 

                     NOTE: To create an administrative installation, 
                     you must use an Enterprise edition of Office. 
 
                     IMPORTANT: Installing other applications from an
                     HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP source location is not supported.

                     NOTE: Transforms are not supported from a URL 
                     source and must reside either on a network file 
                     share or as a stream in the msifile.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 /x <msifile>        Setup uninstalls Office. The .msi file specified 
                     must be the same .msi file used to install Office 
                     originally. The .msi file must be in the same folder 
                     as Setup.exe.

                     Example: /x ProPlus.msi
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
				
如果您使用路徑中的內嵌空格的長檔名,請參閱下列文件 「 Microsoft 知識庫 」 中:
139427使用 [執行] 指令使用長檔名

?考

如需有關 Windows 「 安裝程式搭配使用的命令列參數的詳細資訊,請參閱 Msi.chm 檔。您可以藉由下載 Windows Installer SDK 範例、 工具和文件從下列 Microsoft 網站取得 Msi.chm 檔案:
http://www.microsoft.com/msdownload/platformsdk/sdkupdate/

屬性

文章編號: 283686 - 上次校閱: 2007年12月4日 - 版次: 3.6
這篇文章中的資訊適用於:
  • Microsoft Office XP Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Office XP Small Business Edition
  • Microsoft Office XP Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Office XP Students and Teachers
  • Microsoft Office XP Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Access 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft FrontPage 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Outlook 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 2002 Standard Edition
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