Exchange Store Does Not Start: Errors 7024, 1026, 9542, and 5000

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Article ID: 285116 - View products that this article applies to.
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SYMPTOMS

When you start Windows with Exchange installed, you may be notified by Service Control Manager with an error message similar to the following error message:
At least one service or driver failed during system startup. Use Event Viewer to examine the event log for details.

The Exchange Microsoft Exchange Information Store will not start. As a result, all services that depend on Information Store service will not be able to start.
You may find the following error events in Event Viewer:
Event Type: Error
Event Source: Service Control Manager
Event Category: None
Event ID: 7024
Description:
The Microsoft Exchange Information Store service terminated with service specific error 0.

Event Type: Error
Event Source: POP3SVC
Event Category: General
Event ID: 1026
Description:
Initialization of the POP3 external interface failed with error 0x0.
Data: 0000: ec 00 11 00

Event Type: Error
Event Source: MSExchangeIS
Event Category: General
Event ID: 9542
Description:
Initialization of external interface NNTP failed; Error ecNotInitialized-MAPI_E_NOT_INITIALIZED.

Event Type: Error
Event Source: IMAP4SVC
Event Category: General
Event ID: 1026
Description:
Initialization of the IMAP4 external interface failed with error 0x0.
Data:
0000: f7 00 09 00

Event Type: Information
Event Source: EXOLEDB
Event Category: General
Event ID: 118
Description:
Microsoft Exchange OLEDB was unable to initialize IFS Wrapper.

Event Type: Error
Event Source: MSExchangeIS
Event Category: General
Event ID: 9542
Description:
Initialization of external interface WIN32 failed; Error ecServerOOM.

Event Type: Error
Event Source: MSExchangeIS
Event Category: General
Event ID: 5000
Description:
Unable to initialize the Microsoft Exchange Information Store service. Error 0x80040605.

CAUSE

The Services string type value located in the following registry key is missing or inaccessible:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Exchange\Setup

RESOLUTION

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows
If the value is missing, you need to restore the following original values to the registry:
Value name: Services
Value type: String
Value: Path to Exchange installation root

For example, if Exchange was installed in the C:\Exchsrvr folder, the path is:
C:\Exchsrvr
If the value is present in the correct key, check the permission setting on the registry key. Use Registry Editor to check the permission setting of the key.
  1. Get the service account of the information store. To do so:
    1. In Control Panel, double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Services.
    2. Locate the Microsoft Exchange Information Store service.
    3. Double-click the service to open its properties.
    4. Note the account name in the Log on tab. By default it should be Local System account.
  2. Start Registry Editor, and locate the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Exchange\Setup
  3. Use the Permission option under the Security tab to check the permission setting on this key. Make sure System is in the list with Full Control permissions if the service account is Local System. If you are not using Local System as the service account, check the existence of the corresponding account in the list and ensure that it has Full Control permissions.

MORE INFORMATION

The
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Exchange\Setup
registry key is read for the initialization of the IFSwrapper. It is used to get the path to the Ifsproxy.dll file. If this initialization fails, none of the protocols are able to register.

Properties

Article ID: 285116 - Last Review: May 14, 2010 - Revision: 5.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kberrmsg kbprb KB285116

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