Internet Explorer ?? Word ??????? ?? ??? ??? VB ActiveX ??? ?? ????? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 286023 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ActiveX ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???????-???? ??????? ?? Word ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? Internet Explorer ??? ???? ?? component. ??? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ActiveX ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???:
  • ???: ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? Visual Basic ??? ?? ?? Microsoft Word ???????? ??? ?? ????? ??, ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? Visual Basic ????????? ?? ???? ActiveX EXE ?? ??? ActiveX DLL ??? ?????? ???
  • Word ???????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? Internet Explorer ??? ??????? ??????, ?? ???? ?? ????????? ??? Word ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? Assuming ?? ?? ActiveX ??? ???? ??? ????????????? ?? ??? ???? ??, ??? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???
  • Visual Basic ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???, ?? ?????? ?? ????? Visual Basic ?? ??? ?????? ??, ????? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? Windows ????????? ???????????? ??????? (API) ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???
??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ???? Word ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????-???? Word ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???, ?? Word ??????? involves ?????-???? approach ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? drawback ?? scalability; Word ?? ???? ??????-intensive ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ???

??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ActiveX ??? ?? ????? ???? ???, ?????? ?? ?????? intensive Word ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? discussed ????? ActiveX ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ????? Word ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??, ?????? ???? principles ???? Microsoft Office ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????????, ???? Microsoft Excel.

???? ???????

????? ??????? ????

AutoWord.exe ?????? ActiveX DLL ?? Visual Basic ?????????, ????????, ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???

????? ????? Microsoft ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??::
Autoword.exe
?????? ??????: ?????? 17, 2001

Microsoft ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???, ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????::
119591?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????
Microsoft ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????-??? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??.. ????? ?? ?? ???????-??????????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??..

????? ??? ????

Autoword.exe ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? (??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? C:\Inetpub\Wwwroot.)
  2. ?????? ???? ?? ??? Autoword.exe ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????
  3. ??? ?? HTML ?????? ??? Autoword1.htm ?? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????YourWebServer??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? URL. Likewise, ?????YourSQLServer???? SQL ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? ????? ??????? ??? ???

    ???:: ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? SQL Server ????????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????, ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? Microsoft Access ????????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????:
    sConn = "provider=microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0; data source=" & _
            "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office10\Samples\Northwind.mdb"
    					
  4. ??? ?? HTML ?????? ??? Autoword2.htm ?? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????YourWebServer??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? URL.
  5. Internet Explorer ?? ??????? ????.. ?? http://YourWebServer/invoice/AutoWord1.htm ?? http://YourWebServer/invoice/AutoWord2.htm ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ??, ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ActiveX ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????
????????? ?? ????? Visual Basic ActiveX ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????

Visual Basic ActiveX ???

?? ????? ??? Visual Basic ActiveX ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ??? interacts ??? The Web application may allow the ActiveX component to obtain the order information for a given order ID, or the Web application may choose to package the order information as XML and send it to the ActiveX component for processing. In either case, after the component obtains the order information, it can automate Word to build and display the invoice document for the order.

The ActiveX component (AutomateWord) contains a single class, theInvoiceclass, that exposes three methods:
  • TheGetDatamethod uses ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) to extract information about an order in the Northwind sample database. The order information is stored in them_Dataprivate member variable. TheGetDatamethod can be called to let the data extraction occur client-side.
  • TheSendDatamethod uses Microsoft XML (MSXML) to fill them_Dataprivate member variable with the order information that is provided by the caller.SendDataexpects one parameter that represents aDOMDocumentobject for the order information. TheSendDatamethod can be called to send the order information from the Web page to the component. With this approach, you can use ASP to extract the data server-side and present the client with an XML data island that can be used for the document generation.
  • TheMakeInvoicemethod uses Word Automation to build a document that contains the order information in them_Dataprivate member variable. A document that is stored on the Web server is used as a starting point for the invoice. The caller may choose to display the completed Word document outside of the browser or save the completed document to a disk for later use.
Invoice.cls
Option Explicit

Private Type InvoiceData
    OrderID As String
    OrderDate As Date
    CustID As String
    CustInfo As String
    ProdInfo As Variant
End Type

Private m_Data As InvoiceData

Public Sub GetData(sOrderID As Variant, sConn As Variant)

    Dim oConn As Object, oRS As Object
    
    'Connect to the Northwind database.
    Set oConn = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
    oConn.Open sConn
    
    'Obtain the Customer ID and Order Date.
    Set oRS = CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")
    oRS.Open "Select [OrderDate], [CustomerID] from Orders where " & _
             "[OrderID]=" & sOrderID, oConn, 3 'adOpenStatic=3
    m_Data.OrderID = sOrderID
    m_Data.OrderDate = CDate(oRS.Fields("OrderDate").Value)
    m_Data.CustID = oRS.Fields("CustomerID").Value
    oRS.Close
    
    'Obtain Customer information.
    Set oRS = CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")
    oRS.Open "Select * from Customers Where CustomerID='" & _
             m_Data.CustID & "'", oConn, 3 'adOpenStatic=3
    m_Data.CustInfo = oRS.Fields("CompanyName").Value & vbCrLf & _
                      oRS.Fields("City") & " "
    If Not (IsNull(oRS.Fields("Region"))) Then
       m_Data.CustInfo = m_Data.CustInfo & oRS.Fields("Region").Value & " "
    End If
    m_Data.CustInfo = m_Data.CustInfo & oRS.Fields("PostalCode").Value & _
                      vbCrLf & oRS.Fields("Country").Value
    oRS.Close
    
    'Obtain Product information.
    Set oRS = CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")
    oRS.Open "Select ProductName, Quantity, [Order Details].UnitPrice," & _
             "Discount from Products Inner Join [Order Details] on " & _
             "Products.ProductID = [Order Details].ProductID " & _
             "Where OrderID = " & sOrderID, oConn, 3 'adOpenStatic=3
    m_Data.ProdInfo = oRS.GetRows
    oRS.Close
    
    'Close the connection to the database.
    oConn.Close

End Sub

Public Sub SendData(oXML As Variant)

    'Extract the information from the DOMDocument object oXML and store
    'it in the private member variable m_Data.

    m_Data.OrderID = oXML.getElementsByTagName("OrderID").Item(0).Text
    m_Data.OrderDate = oXML.getElementsByTagName("OrderDate").Item(0).Text
    m_Data.CustID = oXML.getElementsByTagName("CustID").Item(0).Text
    m_Data.CustInfo = oXML.getElementsByTagName("CustInfo").Item(0).Text
    
    Dim oItems As Object, oItem As Object
    Set oItems = oXML.getElementsByTagName("Items").Item(0)
    ReDim vArray(0 To 3, 0 To oItems.childNodes.Length - 1) As Variant
    Dim i As Integer
    For i = 0 To UBound(vArray, 2)
        Set oItem = oItems.childNodes(i)
        vArray(0, i) = oItem.getAttribute("Desc")
        vArray(1, i) = oItem.getAttribute("Qty")
        vArray(2, i) = oItem.getAttribute("Price")
        vArray(3, i) = oItem.getAttribute("Disc")
    Next
    m_Data.ProdInfo = vArray

End Sub

Public Sub MakeInvoice(sTemplate As Variant, Optional bSave As Variant)
    
    Dim oWord As Object
    Dim oDoc As Object
    Dim oTable As Object
    
    If IsMissing(bSave) Then bSave = False

    'Open the document as read-only.
    Set oWord = CreateObject("Word.Application")
    Set oDoc = oWord.Documents.Open(sTemplate, , True)
    
    'Fill in the bookmarks.
    oDoc.Bookmarks("Customer_Info").Range.Text = m_Data.CustInfo
    oDoc.Bookmarks("Customer_ID").Range.Text = m_Data.CustID
    oDoc.Bookmarks("Order_ID").Range.Text = m_Data.OrderID
    oDoc.Bookmarks("Order_Date").Range.Text = m_Data.OrderDate
    
    'Fill in the table with the product information.
    '** Note that the table starts out with three rows -- the first row
    '   contains headers for the table, the second row is for
    '   the first set of product data, and the third row contains a total.
    '   New rows are added for additional products before the "total row".

    Set oTable = oDoc.Tables(1)
    Dim r As Integer, c As Integer
    For r = 1 To UBound(m_Data.ProdInfo, 2) + 1
        If r > 1 Then oTable.Rows.Add (oTable.Rows(oTable.Rows.Count))
        For c = 1 To 4
            oTable.Cell(r + 1, c).Range.Text = _
               m_Data.ProdInfo(c - 1, r - 1)
        Next
        oTable.Cell(r + 1, 5).Formula _
            "=(B" & r + 1 & "*C" & r + 1 & ")*(1-D" & r + 1 & ")", _
            "#,##0.00"
    Next

    'Update the field for the grand total and protect the document.
    oTable.Cell(oTable.Rows.Count, 5).Range.Fields.Update
    oDoc.Protect 1 'wdAllowOnlyComments=1
        
    If bSave Then
        'Save the document as "c:\invoice.doc" and quit Word.
        Dim nResult As Long
        nResult = MsgBox("Are you sure you wish to create the document" & _
             " ""c:\invoice.doc""? If this document already exists, " & _
             "it will be replaced", vbYesNo, "AutomateWord")
        If nResult = vbYes Then oDoc.SaveAs "c:\invoice.doc"
        oDoc.Close False
        oWord.Quit
    Else
        'Make Word visible.
        oWord.Visible = True
    End If
    
End Sub
				

???? ??? ??? ?? ActiveX ??? ?? ????? ????

Autoword1.htm ????????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???GetDataActiveX ??? ???? ???? ???????-???? ??????? ????, ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???

Autoword1.htm
<HTML>
<HEAD>
   <OBJECT ID="AutoWord"
    CLASSID="CLSID:32646EBA-0919-4C2F-94D6-599F46DC34F2"
    CODEBASE="http://YourWebServer/invoice/package/AutomateWord.CAB#version=1,0,0,0">
   </OBJECT>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
Enter an order id between 10248 and 11077 and click the button to view the invoice for the order:
<P/><INPUT TYPE="text" VALUE="10500" ID="OrderID">
<P/><BUTTON ID="InvoiceButton">Create Invoice</BUTTON>
</BODY>

<SCRIPT Language="VBScript">

   Function InvoiceButton_OnClick()
      Dim sConn
      sConn = "Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=YourSQLServer;Initial Catalog=Northwind;UID=sa;"
      AutoWord.GetData OrderID.Value, sConn
      AutoWord.MakeInvoice "http://YourWebServer/invoice/invoice.doc"
   End Function

</SCRIPT>
</HTML>
				
????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ??? Autoword1.htm ??? ????????? ActiveX ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???; ???????, doing ????? ?????? ?? Word ???????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? C:\Invoice.doc ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? Because the ActiveX component is marked safe for scripting, the client is prompted to confirm the save.

If you want to display the completed document in the browser, change the call toMakeInvoicein Autoword1.htm to the following:
      AutoWord.MakeInvoice "http://YourWebServer/invoice/invoice.doc", True
      window.navigate "c:\invoice.doc"
				
Autoword2.htm demonstrates how you can use theSendDatamethod to send the order data as aDOMDocumentobject to the ActiveX component for generating the completed document. TheDOMDocumentis created from an XML data island that resides on the Web page. For the ActiveX component to properly process the order information that is sent by the caller, the XML must be well-formed and structured so that the component can interpret it as order information.

Autoword2.htm
<HTML>
<HEAD>
   <OBJECT ID="AutoWord"
    CLASSID="CLSID:32646EBA-0919-4C2F-94D6-599F46DC34F2"
    CODEBASE="http://YourWebServer/invoice/package/AutomateWord.CAB#version=1,0,0,0">
   </OBJECT>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
   <BUTTON ID="InvoiceButton">Create Invoice</BUTTON>
   <XML ID="DataXML">
     <Order>
        <OrderID>10700</OrderID>
        <OrderDate>10/10/2000</OrderDate>
        <CustID>SAVEA</CustID>
        <CustInfo>Save-a-lot
Markets Boise ID 83720
USA</CustInfo>
        <Items>
           <Product Desc="Chai" Qty="5" Price="18" Disc="0.2"/>
           <Product Desc="Sasquatch Ale" Qty="12" Price="14" Disc="0.2"/>
           <Product Desc="Scottish Longbreads" Qty="40" Price="12.5" Disc="0.2"/>
           <Product Desc="Flotemysost" Qty="60" Price="21.5" Disc="0.2"/>
        </Items>        
     </Order>
   </XML>
</BODY>

<SCRIPT Language="VBScript">
  
   Function InvoiceButton_OnClick()
      AutoWord.SendData DataXML.XMLDocument
      AutoWord.MakeInvoice "http://YourWebServer/invoice/invoice.doc"
   End Function

</SCRIPT>
</HTML>
				
In both Autoword1.htm and Autoword2.htm, you should note that the ActiveX component is instantiated by way of an <object> tag rather than the </object>CreateObject?????? ?? ??? ???? ???.. The purpose of using the <object> tag is to enable automatic download of the ActiveX component for users that do not already have the component installed. If a user visits one of these pages and the component is not installed, the component is downloaded from the cabinet (CAB) file at the URL that is indicated in the </object>CODEBASE??????? ??? Depending on the user's security settings in Internet Explorer, they may first receive a prompt to confirm the download.

???:: The CAB file that is included in Autoword.exe was created with the Package and Deployment Wizard for Visual Basic. The ActiveX component in the package is marked safe for scripting and initialization, but is not digitally signed.

For more information on creating Internet component downloads, digital signing, and marking components as safe for scripting and initialization, see the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Web sites:
Signing and Checking Code with Authenticode
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms537364.aspx

???????? ??????? ?? ActiveX ???????? ?? ??? ????????????
HTTP://msdn2.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/Aa751977.aspx

??????

???????? ??????? ?? ???, ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????::
257757?????: ?????? ???????? ?? ??? Office ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???????
270906Microsoft Word ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? (RTF) ???????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ASP ?? ????? ???? ????
(?) Microsoft Corporation 2001, ??? ?????? ????????? ???????? Lori B. Turner, Microsoft Corporation ?????? ???

???

???? ID: 286023 - ????? ???????: 06 ??????? 2011 - ??????: 3.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Office Word 2007
  • Microsoft Word 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
??????: 
kbdownload kbautomation kbhowto kbmt KB286023 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:286023

??????????? ???

 

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