How To Invoke the OLE DB Data Link Properties Dialog Box in Visual Basic Code

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Article ID: 286189 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

The OLE DB Data link properties dialog box is commonly used to define or edit ActiveX Data Object (ADO) connection string attributes for ADO Data controls, Visual Basic 6.0 DataEnvironment connection objects, and Universal Data Link (UDL) files. This article documents a code sample that demonstrates how to programmatically invoke and use this dialog box in a Visual Basic application to construct the connection string for an ADO Connection object at run time by using a graphical user interface (GUI) driver interface. This is a useful feature to implement in applications and tools that might require users to specify an ADO connection string at run time.

MORE INFORMATION

The OLE DB Service Component 1.0 Type Library (oledb32.dll) that is installed by Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) implements an object named DataLinks whose PromptEdit and PromptNew methods can invoke and use the OLE DB Data Link properties dialog box to define or edit ADO connection strings.

The following steps set up a Visual Basic sample that demonstrates how to use the DataLinks object of the OLE DB Service Component 1.0 Type Library to edit the connection string properties of an ADO connection object:
  1. Open a new Standard EXE project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
  2. On the Project menu, set references to the Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.x Library and the OLE DB Service Component 1.0 Type Library.
  3. Drag-and-drop a CommandButton on Form1 and make the caption Define Connection.
  4. Copy and paste the following code into Form1's code module:
    Dim cn As ADODB.Connection
    
    Private Sub Command1_Click()
    
    Dim MSDASCObj As MSDASC.DataLinks
    Set MSDASCObj = New MSDASC.DataLinks
    
    Set cn = New ADODB.Connection
    MSDASCObj.PromptEdit cn
    
    cn.Open
    MsgBox "Connection opened successfully"
    cn.Close
    End Sub
    					
  5. Save the project and run it.
  6. Click Define Connection, and note that the code in the Click event procedure of the CommandButton creates an instance of the MSDASC.DataLinks object and executes its PromptEdit method to display the OLE DB Data Link Properties dialog box. This dialog box is displayed as a modal window. As a result, subsequent code that follows the call to the PromptEdit method is not executed until the Data link properties dialog box is dismissed.
  7. Select a suitable OLEDB provider in the Providers tab, and then specify the other connection attributes to establish a connection to one of your databases (Access, SQL Server, Oracle, and so forth).
  8. Click Test Connection in the Data link properties dialog box to test the connection. Note that you receive a Test Connection succeeded message box if the connection is successful. Dismiss the dialog box by clicking OK. The remaining code in the Click event procedure of the CommandButton is now executed. The ConnectionString property of the ADO Connection object that was passed as a parameter to the PromptEdit method is initialized based on the settings that you selected in the Data link properties dialog box.

    The statements that follow the call to the PromptEdit method of the MSDASC.DataLinks object open and close an ADO Connection by using the ADO Connection object that is initialized by the call to the PromptEdit method. This verifies that the ADO Connection object's ConnectionString property was set correctly according to the options that are selected in the Data Link properties dialog box. If you click Cancel in the Data Link properties dialog box, the cn.Open statement in the Visual Basic code generates a run-time error to indicate that it could not establish a connection by using the uninitialized ConnectionString.

    NOTE: You can check the connection's ConnectionString to see if it is empty ("") and catch the Cancel before the connection.open statement.

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Article ID: 286189 - Last Review: August 30, 2004 - Revision: 2.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic Enterprise Edition for Windows 6.0
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition Service Pack 3
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Enterprise Edition Service Pack 4
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft OLE DB 2.0
  • Microsoft OLE DB 2.1
  • Microsoft OLE DB 2.5
  • Microsoft OLE DB 2.6
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.0
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.01
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.1 Service Pack 2
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.5
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.6
  • Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.7
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