Guest Cluster nodes in Hyper-V may not be able to create or join

Article ID: 2872325 - View products that this article applies to.
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Symptoms

Failover clusters that are running inside of virtual machines (sometimes referred to as “guest clusters”) may have problems with nodes joining the cluster.
If using the “Create Cluster Wizard” the cluster may fail to create. Additionally, the report from the wizard may have the following message:

An error occurred while creating the cluster.
An error occurred creating cluster ‘<clustername>’.
This Operation returned because the timeout period expired
Note: The above errors can also be seen anytime that communications between the servers that are specified to be part of the cluster creation do not complete. A known cause is described in this article.

In some scenarios, the cluster nodes are successfully created and joined if the VMs are hosted on the same node, but once the VMs are moved to different nodes the communications between the nodes of the guest cluster starts to fail. Therefore the nodes of the cluster may be removed from the cluster.

Cause

This can occur due to packets not reaching to the virtual machines when the VMs are hosted on Windows Server 2012 failover cluster nodes, due to a failover cluster component that is bound to the network adapters of the hosts.  The component is called the “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” and it was first introduced in Windows Server 2012. 

The problem only effects the network packets addressed to cluster nodes hosted in virtual machines. 

Workaround

It is recommended that if the Windows Sever 2012 failover cluster is going to host virtual machines that are part of guest clusters, you should unbind the “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” object from all of the virtual switch network adapters on the Windows Server 2012 Failover Cluster nodes.

Note: This problem can affect any Windows Server Failover Cluster version that is running inside of virtual machines as a guest cluster. The information mentioned in the cause and workaround of this article is specific to Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters that are used to host virtual machines.

You can disable the “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” object using one of the methods from below:

Disabling using the GUI

Open “Network Connections” to get the list of network adapters.  All network adapters with the "vEthernet" (default name) are the virtual networks (i.e. virtual switch).  The physical adapters that also have a Hyper-V virtual adapter configured for it will not have the “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” binding, so there is nothing to disable for those adapters.
  1. Right click on one of the "v" adapters and select “Properties” from the menu.
  2. Uncheck the item labeled “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter”
  3. Click on “OK to close the dialog and have the binding disabled for the unchecked item.
  4. Repeat for all the adapters.

Disabling using Windows PowerShell

The following will disable the network adapter binding for “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” on every adapter on the server that has the Componentid of “vms_mp”.  This Componentid indicates that the adapter is a Hyper-V adapter used by the virtual switch. 

You can run this on each node of the server so that every server has the binding disabled for the adapters used by the virtual switch.
  • Open the Windows PowerShell console with Administrator access using the “Run as Administrator” option.
  • Run the following:

    Get-netadapter | Disable-NetAdapterBinding -DisplayName "Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter"

    Note: If you desire to enable the binding again, just replace “Disable-NetAdapterBinding” with “Enable-NetAdapterBinding”.
  • To verify which network adapters have the “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” item bound to it, you can run the following:

    PS C:\Windows\system32> Get-NetAdapterBinding | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName -eq "Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter"} | FT Name,DisplayName,Enabled

    Name             DisplayName                                     Enabled
    -------             ---------------                                    ----------
    vEthernet        Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False
    vEthernet 2      Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False
    vEthernet 3      Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False
    Ethernet 3       Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False
    Ethernet 2       Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False
    Ethernet          Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual A...    False

    The “Enabled” property of the binding for each adapter is “False”, which means it’s not bound to that adapter.

More information

Windows Server 2012 failover cluster has a component that is bound to the network adapters called “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” and it can cause some of the packets addressed to cluster nodes in the virtual machine to not reach the virtual machine.  If this occurs while a node is joining the cluster inside of the virtual machine, it may fail to successfully be added to the cluster, or join the cluster.

The “Microsoft Failover Cluster Virtual Adapter Performance Filter” component is used by the failover cluster NetFT virtual adapter to route some cluster specific communications between nodes of the cluster.  This item is not required to have it’s binding enabled for NetFT to function, therefore for Hyper-V hosts running Windows Server 2012, it is recommended to disable the binding of this component on all adapters of Hyper-V hosts that are members of a failover cluster.
Note This is a "FAST PUBLISH" article created directly from within the Microsoft support organization. The information contained herein is provided as-is in response to emerging issues. As a result of the speed in making it available, the materials may include typographical errors and may be revised at any time without notice. See Terms of Use for other considerations.

Properties

Article ID: 2872325 - Last Review: July 19, 2013 - Revision: 1.1
Applies to
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard
  • Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
  • Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2012
Keywords: 
kbclustering KB2872325

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