How to configure an Office COM Add-In for all users on a system

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Article ID: 290868 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q290868
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SUMMARY

Office supports two kinds of Component Object Model (COM) Add-Ins: those that are global to the system and are loaded for all users, and those that can be installed on a per-user basis. When you build an add-in by using the Add-in Designer (Msaddndr.dll) for Visual Basic (VB), the add-in is registered as a per-user add-in. You cannot override this behavior, but you can work around it.

This article discusses how to register an Office COM Add-in for all users when using the VB Add-in Designer.

MORE INFORMATION

Office COM Add-ins register themselves for a particular Office application when performing COM registration (that is, when the DllRegisterServer function is called from Regsvr32.exe or a setup package). The add-in uses either the HKEY_CURRENT_USER or the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry hive to determine whether it should be treated as a per-user add-in or a system add-in, respectively.

Add-ins that are registered under HKEY_CURRENT_USER apply to that user only, and can be enabled and disabled on a user-by-user basis. Add-ins that are registered under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE are global to the system and load for all instances of that application. However, they do not appear in the application's COM Add-Ins dialog box, and they cannot be turned on or off for particular users.

The VB Add-in Designer is written to build per-user add-ins. If you need to make a system add-in or you want to make a more robust per-user add-in, you can use the additional registry data section of the designer object to specify a custom registration path for your add-in.

For additional information about building Office COM Add-Ins by using the Designer, and on the meaning of the registry values, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
238228 How to build an Office 2000 COM Add-In in Visual Basic
The examples below assume that you are using the designer add-in example that is given in the article that is listed above. However, you can apply these techniques to any COM Add-in project.

Registering a COM Add-In as a System Add-In

To register the add-in as a system add-in, you need to duplicate the registration under the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE path for the application for which the add-in is written. In the add-in example this is Microsoft Excel, but this works for other Office applications as well.

To use this workaround you need to know the ProgID for the connection object that your dynamic-link library (DLL) exports so that you can specify it in the registry key name. In the example, MyAddin.Connect is the default name for the DLL project and designer object, but if you change these values in your project, you need to change them in the registry key name as well.
  1. In VB, create an Excel COM Add-In project.
  2. In the Designer window, click the Advanced tab and add this key path for the Registry Key for Additional Addin Data section:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office\Excel\Addins\MyAddin.Connect
  3. Click New Value and add a new DWORD value. Name it LoadBehavior and set the value to 3.
  4. Compile and run the add-in. When it is registered, the add-in loads for all users as a system add-in.

REFERENCES

For additional information about COM Add-Ins, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
288771 How to create a transparent picture for Office CommandBar Buttons

230876 BUG: CommandBar control reference becomes invalid before COM Add-In's OnDisconnection event fires
For more information, see the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) Web sites:
Developing COM Add-Ins for Microsoft Office 2000
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa155640.aspx
COM Add-ins part I: Introducing an Office 2000 solution for the entire (Office) family
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa155767(office.10).aspx

Properties

Article ID: 290868 - Last Review: August 30, 2004 - Revision: 5.5
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Office 2000 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Office XP Developer Edition
Keywords: 
kbaddin kbautomation kbhowto KB290868

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