???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? Active Directory ???? ????????? ?????? FRS

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 296183 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? "????? ???????? ???????" (FRS) ???? ?????? ?? "Active Directory". ?? FRS ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? LMREPL ?? Microsoft Windows NT 3.x ?4.0. ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ????????? ??????? FRS ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? Windows 2000 ? ????? ??????? ??????. ????? ????? ??????? FRS ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? (DFS) ????? ?? ???? ?????????.

??????? ????

FRS ?????? ?? Active Directory

????? FRS ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????. ????? ???????? ?????? ??? FRS ??????? ???????. ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????. ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? FRS. ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? FRS ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???????.

???? FRS ????????? ???????? ? DFS ? SYSVOL. ??? ??????? Dcpromo.exe ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? SYSVOL ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? (??????? ???? ??? ?????). ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? DFS (Dfsgui.msc) ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? DFS ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? FRS ??????.

????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????? "?" ???????? ???????

?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? FRS ??????? ???????. ?? ????????? ?????? \\DC1 ????????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? A.COM ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? FRS ????? "?" \\DC1\SYSVOL "?" ??? DFS ?????? \\A.DOM\DFSROOT:
DN Path						   ObjectClass

DC=A,DC=COM					   Root Domain NC
 OU=Domain Controllers				   OU Container 
   CN=<Computername>                                      Computer
      CN=NTFRS Subscriptions                              NtFrsSubscriptions
        CN=Domain System Volume (SYSVOL)                  NtFrsSubscriber 
      
     CN=NTFRS Subscriptions                               NtFrsSubscriptions
       CN=DFSROOT                                         NtFrsSubscriber
???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? DFS ?? SYSVOL. ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????:

???????? NTFRS

???? ?????? ???????? NTFRS ???? ??????? NTFRS ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? NTFRS ????????. ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????; ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????. ????? ????? FRS ????? ???? ???? ??? Ntfrs.jdb ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? %SystemRoot%\Ntfrs. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???????? NTFRS:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ??????????????? NTFRS
????? ???? ????????????? FRS
????? ???? ??????FRS ????? ????

NTFRS ???????

?????? ?? ???? ??????? NTFRS ??? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????. ????? ??? FRS ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? NTFRS ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???. ??? ?? ???? ??????? NTFRS ????? ?? ??? ???? ??? FRS ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ? ??? ???? ??????? FRS ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???. ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???? NTFRS ???????:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ???????NTFRS ???????
????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? FRS
????? ??? ?? ???????????? ??????? FRS
????? ???? ?????????? ??? FRS

??????? NTFRS ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ???

??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? FRS "?" ?????? ????? ????????? "?" ??? "?" ???????? ??????? (??????? ????? ????????? DFS ???). ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? \\DC1 ? \\DC2 ? ???? ????? ?? ???? A.COM ????? ?? \\A.COM\SYSVOL ????? ??????? \\A.COM\DFSROOT ???????. ?????? ???? ???? NTDS-??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? DFS:
DN Path						    ObjectClass

DC=A,DC=COM                                               Root Domain NC
 CN=SYSTEM,					   Container 
   CN=File Replication Service			   nTFRSSettings
      CN=Domain System Volume (SYSVOL share)              nTFRSReplicaSet
        CN=DC1					   nTFRSMember 
        CN=DC2					   nTFRSMember	

      CN=DFSROOT                                          nTFRSReplicaSet
        CN=DC1					   nTFRSMember 
          CN=<GUID>                                       NTDS Connection  
        CN=DC2					   nTFRSMember
          CN=<GUID>                                       NTDS Connection
??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????.

??????? NTFRS

??? ??????? ???? ??????? NTFRS ?????? ????? NTFRS-????????? - ?????. ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? NTFRS ??? ?????? ???? ??????? NTFRS; ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????? NTFRS ???? ????. ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? NTFRS:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ?????????????? NTFRS
????? ??? ?? ???????????? FRS
????? ???? ????????????? ??????

?????? ????? ????????? NTFRS

???? ?? ???? NTFRS ????????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? NTFRS ???? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????. ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? NTFRS-????????? - ????? ??? SYSVOL. ???? ?????? ????? ????????? NTFRS ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? NTFRS ??????. ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? FRS ????????? - ?????? ??? ??? "?" FRS ??? ????? "?" ????? ?????? FRS "?" ?????. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? NTDS ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????. ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? NTFRS:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ????????????? ????? ????????? NTFRS
????? ??? ?? ??????????? ???? FRS
????? ???? ??????FRS ???????? ???
????? ???? ??????????

??? NTFRS

?????? ?? ???? ??? NTFRS ?? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????. ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? Frs ????????? ??????. ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? NTFRS ???? NTDS-????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??. ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL ? ???? ????? ServerReference ?????? ??? NTFRS ??????? ??????? NTDS ???? ????? ??? ?????? NTDS ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ?????????? NTFRS
????? ???? ??????Frs ????????? ??????
????? ???? ?????????? ???? (SYSVOL ???)

????? NTDS

????? ??????? ?????? ??????? NTDS ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????????. ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? NTDS ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???????.

???? ?????? ??????? NTDS ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? DFS. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL ? ?????? FRS ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? (KCC) ???????? ?? ???? ??????? NTDS ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????. ????? ??????? "????? Active Directory" ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? "Active Directory".

???? NTDS-??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? NTFRS ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? NTFRS ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??.

?? ???? ???? SYSVOL ? ???? NTDS-??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? NTFRS ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? NTDS ?????? ??? ???? NTDS-???????. ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? NTFRS ???????? ?? ???? ??????? NTDS ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??.

???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? NTDS-????? ?????? ?????. ????? ????? ??????? ??? backlogs ?? ??? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? upstream ????. ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????.

????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? NTDS-????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????. ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? NTDS ???????:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?????? (???)????
??? ???????????? NTDS
????? ???? ??????????? ???????
????? ???? ???????? ??????
????? ???? ????????????
????? ???? ??????????

???????? ??? ????????

??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? FRS ??????? ??????? ????:
  1. ????? ??? ?????????: ?????? ?????? ??? ????? Frs ????????? ???? ??? ???? ???????.
  2. ????? ???: ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? Frs ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???.
  3. ??? ??? ????: ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? Server ??? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS. ?????? ???????? FRS ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? SYSVOL. ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL ??? ?????.
  4. ??????? ??? ???: ?????? ?????? ????? ????? FromServer ??? ??? ???? ???. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL ? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS.

????? ????? ?????? ?? Active Directory

??? ????? ???????? FRS ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? DFS ???????? ????? ???????? ???????????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????. ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? FRS ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ???????. ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????? (????? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? Microsoft ?? ??????):
  • ??????? "????? Active Directory" ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ServerReference ??? ?????? ????? FRS ?????. ???? ????? "serverrefs" ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? SYSVOL ???? ?????????.
  • ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? FRS ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???.
  • ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ????? SYSVOL NTFRS-??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????.

???????

???? ???????: 296183 - ????? ??? ??????: 11/???/1428 - ??????: 2.2
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbenv kbfrs kbinfo KB296183 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????296183

????? ???????

 

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