Select the product you need help with
- Internet Explorer
- Windows Phone
- More products
Description of the differences between repair and reinstall in Office XP and 2003
Article ID: 298027 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q298027
For a Microsoft Office 2000 version of this article, see 230672
When you run the Office Setup program after Microsoft Office has been installed, you are automatically put into Maintenance mode. One of the Maintenance mode options is Repair Office. If you use this option, the Reinstall or Repair Office Installation dialog box appears with the following two options:
There is a subtle difference between these two options and you will want to make sure you choose the appropriate option based on your situation. In either case, the Windows Installer /f command line switch is being called. The difference is in the parameters that are being attached to the /f switch.
Note You can also perform a Repair procedure from any of the Office programs by clicking Detect and Repair on the Help menu. This procedure is the same procedure that is performed when you click the Detect and repair errors in my Office installation command in Maintenance mode.
The following table outlines the /f default combinations that are called when you perform either a Repair or Reinstall:
Note If you click Detect and repair errors in my Office installation, the Restore My Start Menu Shortcuts check box becomes available, but is not selected. If you select this check box, then the /f switch combination becomes /focums instead of the default /focum.
/f combination passed Mode to the Windows Installer ------------------------------------------------------- Detect and Repair called /focums from the Help menu Detect and Repair errors /focum in my Office Installation called from Maintenance Mode Reinstall Office called from /fecums Maintenance Mode
The following table lists all of the parameters that are available for use with the /f Windows Installer switch.
Option Description ------------------------ p Reinstall only if file is missing, or verify the file is present. o Reinstall if file is missing, or an earlier version is present. e Reinstall if file is missing, or an equal or earlier version is present. d Reinstall if file is missing, or a different version is present. c Reinstall if file is missing or corrupt. This option only repairs files that have msidbFileAttributesChecksum in the Attributes column of the File table. a Force all files to be reinstalled, regardless of checksum or version. u Rewrite all required registry entries from the registry table that go to the HKEY_CURRENT_USER or HKEY_USERS registry keys. m Rewrite all required registry entries from the registry table that go to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE or HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT registry key. Rewrite all information from the Class table, Verb table, PublishComponent table, ProgID table, MIME table, Icon table, Extension table, and AppID table regardless of computer or user assignment. Reinstall all qualified components. s Reinstall all shortcuts and re-cache all icons, overwriting any existing shortcuts and icons. v Use to run from the source package and re-cache the local package.
To Run a Repair/Reinstall Procedure from the Command LineYou can also manually perform a Repair or Reinstall procedure using a custom combination of /f parameters. For example, if you only want to repair or reinstall the Office shortcuts on the Programs menu, follow these steps:
For more information, see the Microsoft Office XP Resource Kit at:
Microsoft Office Resource Kit
Article ID: 298027 - Last Review: October 18, 2012 - Revision: 6.0