????? ??? Windows ?? ????? ????? ????? LAN ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? "Active Directory" ?????? SAM ?????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 299656 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ???? Windows ? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???? "????????." ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? 15 ????? ???? Windows ?? ????? LAN Manager (????? LM) ? ????? Windows NT (NT ???????) ???? ??????. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (SAM) ??????? ?? ?? "Active Directory".

?? ????? LM ????? ?????? ?????? ????? NT ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? brute ?????. ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? Windows ?? ????? ????? LM ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??. ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? Windows ?????? ????? NT ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???.

??????? ????

???? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ??????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? Windows. ??? ???? ??????? Windows ??????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? ?????? Kerberos ????????. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?????? ????? LAN (LM) ? ?????? Windows NT (NTLM) ? NTLM ??????? 2 (NTLMv2) ????????. ?? NTLM ?NTLMv2 ? Kerberos ???? ??????? ??????? NT ??????? Unicode ????? ???? ????? ????. ?????? ???????? ?????? LM ????? LM.

?? ?????? ???? ????? ????? LM ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????. ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? Windows 95 ?? Windows 98 ?? ????? ???????, ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? LM ?????? ????? ??:
  • ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? LM ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 95 ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 98 ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? Windows 95 ? Windows 98 ??? ??????.
  • ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 95 ?? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 98 ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ????? "???? ????? ??????" ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ???.
  • ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 95 ?? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 98 ???????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? LM ?? ?? ??? ????? "???? ????? ??????" ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ???.
  • ?? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 95 ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 98 ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????.
  • ?? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? Microsoft Exchange ?????????? ????? "??????? Outlook ???". ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?? Outlook:
    ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????. ???? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????.
???? ????? ????? LM ??? ???? ?????? Windows ??????? ?? ?? ????? ???????.

??????? 1: ???? ??? NoLMHash ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????????

?????? ??????? ?????? LM ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? SAM ????????? ?????? ???????? "??? ???????? ???????" (Windows XP ?? Windows Server 2003) ?? ?? ???? Windows Server 2003 Active ?? ???? ??????? "??? ??????" ?? "Active Directory" (Windows Server 2003) ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? "??? ????????" ? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ? ?? ?????? ??????? Windows ? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????, ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????.
  2. ?? ????? ???? ????????, ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???????: ??? ????? ???? ????? LAN Manager ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????.
  3. ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.

??????? 2: ???? ??? NoLMHash ?? ???? ????? ???????

?? Windows 2000 ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 2 (SP2) ?????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???? Windows ?? ????? ???? ????? LM ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????.

???? ?????? SP2 ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ? ??????

??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
322756????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? Windows

??? ????? ???????
NoLMHash
???????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? SP2 ????? ??????? Windows 2000.

?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? "???? ???????" (Regedt32.exe).
  2. ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa
  3. ?? ??????? ????? ? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? NoLMHash ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  4. ?? ?????? "???? ???????".
  5. ????? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????.
?????????
  • ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?????? ??????? ?????? LM ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? Windows 2000 ??? ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? LM ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? LM ???????. ???? ????? ?????? LM ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????.

Windows XP ? Windows Server 2003

??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
322756????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? Windows
??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
322756????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? Windows
?????? ???? DWORD ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? regedit ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa
  3. ?? ??????? ????? ? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? DWORD.
  4. ???? NoLMHash ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  5. ?? ??????? ????? ? ???? ??? ?????.
  6. ???? 1 ? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  7. ????? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??.
?????????
  • ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??????? ?????? LM ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? Active ??? 2003 Windows. ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? Active Directory Users and Computers Microsoft ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?? "??????? ??????" (????? ??? NoLMHash ??? ??????? ??? ????????).
  • ??? ?????? DWORD ???? ?????? LM ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? LM ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???????.
??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows XP ?? Windows Server 2003? ????? ????? ??????? ?????. ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? 1 ?????? ????? ????? LM. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003. ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ???????.

??????? ???????: ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? 15 ????

?? ???? ????? ???? Windows ?? ????? ????? LM ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? 15 ?????. ?? ??? ??????? ???? Windows ?????? ???? ????? LM ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????.

???????

???? ???????: 299656 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/?? ??????/1428 - ??????: 9.6
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, 64-Bit Datacenter Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-Bit Edition Version 2002
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-Bit Edition Version 2003
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP4
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional SP2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 3
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server SP2
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbenv kbinfo kbnetwork KB299656 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????299656

????? ???????

 

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