????? "??????? ???? ???????? ??????" ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 301284 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ???? "???????? ??????" (IPSec) ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????.

??????? IPSec

???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????:
  • ??????: ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?????. ????? Windows 2000 IPSec ????? ????? ?? ????????: Kerberos ? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????. Kerberos ????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??????? (????? ???????) ?? ??? ?????? Windows 2000. ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????, ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????. ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ??????. ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????: ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????. ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???.
  • ???????: ????? ??? ???????? indistinct ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???????. ???????? ????????? well-tested ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????. ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????????; ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? interceptor ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??????.
  • ???? ???????: ??? ?? ???????? ?????? (IP) ?????? ? ???????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? IPSec.
  • ????? ?????: ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ?????: ?????? ?? ????? ???????.
  • ??? ???? "???????? ??????": ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????????.
  • ?????: ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ??? IPSec ??? ????? ??????.
  • ?????? ??????: ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????.

????? ?? IPSec ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? Microsoft

????? IPSec ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? Microsoft "(MMC). ???? Windows 2000 ??? MMC ?? ?????? ???????? IPSec ????? ????? ???????. ?????? ???? IPSec, ???? ??? ???? ? ???? ??? ??????? ? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??????. ?? MMC ??? ? ???? ??? ???? ???? IP ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ?? ???? MMC ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????.

????? ????? IP ?????? ????????? ????? ????????

?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? "Alicepc" ?????? IP 172.16.98.231 ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? "Bobslap" ?????? IP 172.31.67.244. ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? Abczz.

???? ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? Abczz ?? ????????. ??? Abczz ?????? ????? ????? ??, ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? (???? ??? ??????) ??? ?????? ??? ?????? 6667/TCP ?? TCP/6668 (??? ???? TCP ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? "). ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? "???????? ????? ??????" (IRC). ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????.

????? ????? ???????

??????? ?????? ???? IPSec ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? IP ?? ???? ???? MMC. ???? ??????? ????? "????? ??? ???? IP." ??? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ? ?? ??? ?????? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ??? IPSec ????? ?????. ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? IP ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????.

????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????: ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????. ????? ????? ????? ????? IP ????? ??? ????? ???????. ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ??.

???? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? "Abczz ??? ???? ????? ?????????".
  2. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????. ???? ????? ?????.
  3. ???? ??? ????? IP ?????.
  4. ???? ??? ????? IP ???? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? IP (172.31.67.244) ????????? ???? ????? ??? ????. ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? (DNS) ?? ???? ??? ?????? Windows (WINS) ? ????? ????? ??? DNS ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? "Bobslap".
  5. ?????? Abczz TCP ??????? ??, ??? ???? ??? TCP ???? ??????????.
  6. ?????? ??? ????? ???????? IP, ???? ??? ?? ?? ????. ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????, ???: 6667 ? ?? ???? ??? "?????" ?????? ???????.
  7. ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????: 6668 ??? ??? ??????, ?? ???? ??? ?????.
????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????: ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????? 6667 (???? ????? ??? ????) ??????? ??? ?????? 6668 (???? ????? ??? ????). (???? ????? ??? ?????? 6667 6668 ????? ??? ????????? ????? ??: ???? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????.) ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? IPSec. ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? (???? ?? ???) ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???. ???? ????? ????? ??????? IPSec ????????? ??? ?????.

????? ????? ???????

????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????. ???? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????. ???? ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??? ?????. ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????.

?????? ????? ????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????. ???? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? "Abczz ???????".
  2. ????? ??? ? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? IPSec.
  3. ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? IP ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? "?????" ?????? ???????.
  4. ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? (???? ???? "Abczz ???????" ??????).
  5. ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????? IPSec. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ????? IPSec ??? ????? ???? Abczz.
  6. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.

????? ??? IPSec

???? ????? ?????. ???? ????? ????? ??? ????. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? MMC ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? IP ?????. ??? ??? ????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? "????? IPSec".
  2. ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ??????????.
  3. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????.
??? IPSec ?????, ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????.

?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ??? ????? "???????" ? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???.
  2. ???? ??? ???? ????? (LAN) ???? ???? ???????.
  3. ???? ??? Windows 2000 ????????? (???????? Kerberos V5) ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? Alice ? ???? ?? ??? ?????? Windows 2000. ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? (????? ??? ??????? ??????) ?? ?? ?????? ????? (??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??????).
  4. ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ??????. ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? "Abczz ??? ????????? ????? ????". ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? "Abczz ???????".
  5. ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.

????? ???? ??????? ??????

????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??? Bob ???? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ????. ???? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? "Abczz ??? ????????? ????? ????" ??? "Abczz ??? ????????? ?????".

????? ????

??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????. ???? ??? ????? ???:
  1. ?? MMC ??????? ?????? ??????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? (Abczz ?? ??? ??????).
  2. ???? ??? ?????.
???? ????? ??? IPSec ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? Eve ???????? ???????? ???, ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? IPSec (???? ????? ????? ????) ???? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????. ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ???????: ?????? ??? Abczz ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ?? Eve. ??? ???? ? Eve ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? Eve ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????.

??????? ??????? ????????

??????? IPSecMon ?????? ??? ?????????

????? Windows 2000 ?????? ?????? (IPSecMon.exe) ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? IPSec ?????. ???? IPSecMon:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???: ipsecmon ? ?? ???? ENTER.
  3. ???? ??? ??????.
  4. ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? 1.
??? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? IPSecMon. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ? ???? ?????? ????? ?? IPSecMon ???? ??? ??????.

??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????. ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????. ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???????. ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ping ??????? ???????: ???? ????? ????? ping "Negotiating ???? IP" ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????.

NAT ? IPSec ??? ??????

??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? (NAT) ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? IPSec. ????? IPSec ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???????. ?????? IPSec ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? depositing ????? ??? ?????. ???? ????? NAT ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ???? - ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ??????? IPSec ?? ?? ??? ?? NAT ??????.

???????

???? ???????: 301284 - ????? ??? ??????: 10/???? ?????/1428 - ??????: 4.2
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowtomaster KB301284 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????301284

????? ???????

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com