FIX: Unable to Connect to SQL Server 2000 When Certificate Authority Name Is the Same As the Host Name of the Windows 2000 Computer

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Article ID: 302409 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q302409
BUG #: 352847 (Shiloh_bugs)
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SYMPTOMS

If the Certificate Server is installed on a Microsoft Windows 2000 computer and the Certificate Authority (CA) name is the same as or starts with the machine host name, an attempt to connect to SQL Server 2000 fails.

The following error message appears when you try to connect from SQL Server Query Analyzer:
Unable to connect to server. Server msg 18, level 16, state 1. [Microsoft] [ODBC SQL Server Driver} [Shared Memory] SSL security error
The following error message appears when you try to connect from SQL Enterprise Manager:
Unable to connect to server. Reason: SSL security error. ConnectionOpen (SECDoClientHandShake())...
The SQLServerAgent service also fails with the following error message:
Could not start SQLserverAgent Service on local computer. The service did not return an error. This could be an internal Windows error or an internal service error. If this error persists, contact your system administrator.
Due to the same connectivity errors indicated previously, an attempt to install Microsoft SQL Server 2000 may also fail.

If you attempt the Microsoft SQL Server installation on a computer on which the Certificate Server and the Certificate Authority(CA) name is the same name as or starts with the machine host name, the SQL Server installation on that computer may fail at the configuration stage. During the configuration stage of the installation process, the setup program makes a connection to SQL Server.

This problem applies to any edition of Microsoft SQL Server, including the Microsoft Desktop Engine (MSDE) installation.

The Microsoft SQL Server installation may fail with the following error message:
Setup failed to configure the server. Refer to the server error logs and C:\WINNT\sqlstp.log for more information.
If the error message occurs, SQL Server writes the following information in the Cnfgsvr.out file located in the SQL Server Install subfolder:

###############################################################################


Starting Service ...

SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS

-m -Q -T4022 -T3659

Connecting to Server ...

driver={sql server};server=Instance_Name;UID=<username>;PWD=<strong password>;database=master

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]SSL Security error

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]ConnectionOpen (SECDoClientHandshake()).

driver={sql server};server=ORLANDO;UID=<username>;PWD=<strong password>;database=master

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]SSL Security error

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]ConnectionOpen (SECDoClientHandshake()).

driver={sql server};server=ORLANDO;UID=<username>;PWD=<strong password>;database=master

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]SSL Security error

[Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][Shared Memory]ConnectionOpen (SECDoClientHandshake()).

SQL Server configuration failed.

###############################################################################
				

By default, the Microsoft SQL Server Desktop Engine setup does not generate a Cnfgsvr.out file. The setup program may fail to configure SQL Server and the following error message may appear:
Setup failed to configure the server. Refer to the server error logs and setup error logs for more information.
However, note that a configuration failure can occur due to reasons other than the one described in this article.

CAUSE

  • The Certificate Authority (CA) name of the Certificate Server is critical when you have SQL Server 2000 on the same host. When SQL Server 2000 starts and finds a certificate with the same machine name as the subject, SQL Server tries to use it for encryption, even though it is not a valid SQL Server encryption certificate. Therefore, any attempt to connect to that SQL Server computer fails with the error shown in the "Symptoms" section.

  • The removal of the Certificate Server from the Microsoft Windows 2000 server does not remove the Certification Authority keys. The previously installed keys still affect the computer that is running SQL Server.

RESOLUTION

To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for SQL Server 2000. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
290211 INF: How to Obtain the Latest SQL Server 2000 Service Pack
  • If you have not installed Certificate Server, do not use the host name as the Certificate Authority (CA) name for the stand-alone Certificate Server.
    -or-
  • If you have already installed the Certificate Server and used the host name as part of the CA key, use the Certutil.exe utility to remove the Certificate Authority (CA) keys that contain the host name. To remove the keys that contain the host name, follow these steps:
  1. At a command prompt type the following command to list all the current and previously installed Certificate Authority (CA) keys:
    certutil -key
  2. t a command prompt type the following command to remove the Certificate Authority (CA) key that contains the host name:
    certutil -delkey "CA_name"
  3. Restart the Microsoft Windows 2000 server.
NOTE: After you delete the Certificate Authority (CA) keys, all the certificates issued by the Certificate Authority (CA) no longer work. That is because the CA is the root of the public key infrastructure (PKI) and its private key is used to digitally sign all issued certificates. And, you will also lose the use of all Web, e-mail, and software certificates.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in SQL Server 2000. This problem was first corrected in SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 1.

MORE INFORMATION

After installing SQL Server 2000, if you still require the Certificate Server with the host name as a part of the CA key, please install SQL Server 2000 SP1.

For additional information about installing the SQL Server 2000 SP1, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
290211 INF: How to Obtain the Latest SQL Server 2000 Service Pack

Properties

Article ID: 302409 - Last Review: December 13, 2005 - Revision: 4.4
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbbug kbfix kbsqlserv2000sp1fix KB302409

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