????? C# ?? ????? ???? recursively ??? ???????????? ???? ?? ??? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 303974 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
?? ???? ?? Microsoft Visual C++ .NET ??????? ?? ???, ????? 307009.
?? ???? ?? Microsoft Visual Basic .NET ??????? ?? ???, ????? 306666.

?? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? Microsoft .NET ????????? ????? ????????? ????????:
  • System.IO
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? C# Windows ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? recursively ??? subdirectories. A ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???

?????????? recursion ???????? ?? ??? ??????? IO ????? ??? FileSystemObject ?? ????? ??? ???????? ???? (COM) ?? ??? ???? ?????????? ?? ?? ????? ??? .NET ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? FileSystemObject?? ????, ??????? System.IO ??? ????? ??? ?? ????????-??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????????

??????????

  • Microsoft Visual c# 2005 ?? Microsoft Visual C# .NET

?????????? recursion

????? ?? ?????????? manipulation ??????? System.IO ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????, ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ????? ????????:
using System.IO;
System.IO ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????, ??????????, ??????, ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???, ??? ?? ?????????? ???????? subdirectories ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????????? ???

?????????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? GetDirectories ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? C ?????????? ??, ??? ??? subdirectories ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ????
string[] directories = Directory.GetDirectories("C:\\");
?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???????????? ???? ???? ?? ?? GetFiles ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? C ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? . dll ????????? ?? ???:
string[] files = Directory.GetFiles("C:\\", "*.dll");
GetDirectories ?? GetFiles ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? recursively ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ??? Recursion ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??:
void DirSearch(string sDir) 
{
	try	
	{
	   foreach (string d in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir)) 
	   {
		foreach (string f in Directory.GetFiles(d, txtFile.Text)) 
		{
		   lstFilesFound.Items.Add(f);
		}
		DirSearch(d);
	   }
	}
	catch (System.Exception excpt) 
	{
		Console.WriteLine(excpt.Message);
	}
}
????? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? DirSearch?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? GetDirectories ?? ??? ???? ??? ?????????? subdirectories ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ??? GetDirectories ???? ???? ??, ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???/each iterate ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? iterate ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ??? GetFiles ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? GetFiles?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? GetFiles ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??, ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??, ?? ??? DirSearch ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???, ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ??? subdirectories ??? ???? ????

????? ??? ?????

  1. ??? ??? Visual C# Windows ????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ??, Form1 ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???
  2. ?????? Explorer ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???, ????? ?????
  3. ?????? Explorer ???, ????-????? ???? Form1, ?? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????
  4. Form1 ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????
  5. Form1 ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????????
    using System;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Windows.Forms;
    using System.Data;
    using System.IO;
    
    namespace RecursiveSearchCS
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Summary description for Form1
        /// </summary>
        public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
        {
            internal System.Windows.Forms.Button btnSearch;
            internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txtFile;
            internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblFile;
            internal System.Windows.Forms.Label lblDirectory;
            internal System.Windows.Forms.ListBox lstFilesFound;
            internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox cboDirectory;
            /// <summary>
            /// Required designer variable
            /// </summary>
            private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
    
            public Form1()
            {
                // 
                // Required for Windows Form Designer support
                // 
                InitializeComponent();
    
                // 
                // TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call.
                // 
            }
    
            /// <summary>
            /// Clean up any resources being used.
            /// </summary>
            protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
            {
                if( disposing )
                {
                    if (components != null) 
                    {
                        components.Dispose();
                    }
                }
                base.Dispose( disposing );
            }
    
            #region Windows Form Designer generated code
            /// <summary>
            /// Required method for Designer support: do not modify
            /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
            /// </summary>
            private void InitializeComponent()
            {
                this.btnSearch = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
                this.txtFile = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
                this.lblFile = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
                this.lblDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
                this.lstFilesFound = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
                this.cboDirectory = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
                this.SuspendLayout();
                // 
                // btnSearch
                // 
                this.btnSearch.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(608, 248);
                this.btnSearch.Name = "btnSearch";
                this.btnSearch.TabIndex = 0;
                this.btnSearch.Text = "Search";
                this.btnSearch.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.btnSearch_Click);
                // 
                // txtFile
                // 
                this.txtFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 40);
                this.txtFile.Name = "txtFile";
                this.txtFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 20);
                this.txtFile.TabIndex = 4;
                this.txtFile.Text = "*.dll";
                // 
                // lblFile
                // 
                this.lblFile.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
                this.lblFile.Name = "lblFile";
                this.lblFile.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(144, 16);
                this.lblFile.TabIndex = 5;
                this.lblFile.Text = "Search for files containing:";
                // 
                // lblDirectory
                // 
                this.lblDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 96);
                this.lblDirectory.Name = "lblDirectory";
                this.lblDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
                this.lblDirectory.TabIndex = 3;
                this.lblDirectory.Text = "Look In:";
                // 
                // lstFilesFound
                // 
                this.lstFilesFound.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 8);
                this.lstFilesFound.Name = "lstFilesFound";
                this.lstFilesFound.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(528, 225);
                this.lstFilesFound.TabIndex = 1;
                // 
                // cboDirectory
                // 
                this.cboDirectory.DropDownWidth = 112;
                this.cboDirectory.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 128);
                this.cboDirectory.Name = "cboDirectory";
                this.cboDirectory.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 21);
                this.cboDirectory.TabIndex = 2;
                this.cboDirectory.Text = "ComboBox1";
                // 
                // Form1
                // 
                this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
                this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(688, 277);
                this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
    
                this.btnSearch,
                this.txtFile,
                this.lblFile,
                this.lblDirectory,
                this.lstFilesFound,
                this.cboDirectory});
    
                this.Name = "Form1";
                this.Text = "Form1";
                this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
                this.ResumeLayout(false);
    
            }
            #endregion
    
            /// <summary>
            /// The main entry point for the application
            /// </summary>
            [STAThread]
            static void Main() 
            {
                Application.Run(new Form1());
            }
    
            private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
            {
                lstFilesFound.Items.Clear();
                txtFile.Enabled = false;
                cboDirectory.Enabled = false;
                btnSearch.Text = "Searching...";
                this.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor;
                Application.DoEvents();
                DirSearch(cboDirectory.Text);
                btnSearch.Text = "Search";
                this.Cursor = Cursors.Default;
                txtFile.Enabled = true;
                cboDirectory.Enabled = true;
            }
    
            private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
            {
                cboDirectory.Items.Clear();
                foreach (string s in Directory.GetLogicalDrives())
                {
                    cboDirectory.Items.Add(s);
                }
                cboDirectory.Text = "C:\\";
            }
    
            void DirSearch(string sDir) 
            {
                try	
                {
                    foreach (string d in Directory.GetDirectories(sDir)) 
                    {
                        foreach (string f in Directory.GetFiles(d, txtFile.Text)) 
                        {
                            lstFilesFound.Items.Add(f);
                        }
                        DirSearch(d);
                    }
                }
                catch (System.Exception excpt) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(excpt.Message);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    ??? ?? Visual Studio 2005 ??? ?? Visual Studio 2008 ??? ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? Windows ?????? ????????? ????? Visual Studio 2005 ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????????? ?? Visual Studio ???, Visual C# ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? Form1 ??????? ?? ??? ??? Visual c# 2005 ?? ??? ?? ????????? ???, ??????? ?? ???????????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???????, Form1.cs ?? Form1.designer.cs ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? Form1.cs ????? ??? ??? ?????? Windows ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ?? Form1.designer.cs ????? ????

    Visual c# 2005 ?? Visual C# 2008 ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???, ?? ??? Visual C# Windows ????????? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
    1. Form1.Designer.cs ????? ??? ????? ???? Form1 ?? ??? ??? ????????, ??? ????? ????????, ?? ???? Windows ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????
    2. ??????? InitializeComponent ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? InitializeComponent ???? Form1.Designer.cs ????? ??? ??????? InitializeComponent ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????????
    3. ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? Form1 ???? ??? Form1.cs ????? ??? ?????????:
      • btnSearch_Click
      • Form1_Load
      • DirSearch
    4. Form1.cs ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? System.IO; ?? ????? ?? ???????
    Windows ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???, ????? Microsoft ?????? ??????? (MSDN) ??? ???? ?? ????:
    http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms173077.aspx
  6. ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? F5 ????? ????????? ???

??????

???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
306777System.IO, Visual C# ?? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????

???

???? ID: 303974 - ????? ???????: 30 ?? 2013 - ??????: 3.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Visual C# 2005
  • Microsoft Visual C# .NET 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C# 2008 Express Edition
??????: 
kbhowtomaster kbio kbmt KB303974 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:303974

??????????? ???

 

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