???? ????? SMTP ?? Exchange Server ? Windows XP ?? Windows 2000

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 304897 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

????? ???

????? Microsoft ??? ?????? ?????? Protocol (SMTP) ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? SMTP ??????? ???? SMTP ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????. ??? ?? ???? ?? Request for Comments (RFC) 282 ? ??????? 2.1 ? 3.7 ?? ????? SMTP ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????.

??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????. ???? ???? uncontrolled ???? "????? ???". ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??. ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ????. ???? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???.

?????????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? Microsoft ??????? ?? ??? "????? ???" ?????? ??? ????? ??????.

??????? ????

??? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? SMTP ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? SMTP ??? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? SMTP Microsoft ???? ?????? ??? ????? ? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??. ???? ???? ?????? ???? SMTP ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????. ????? ?? ??? ???? SMTP ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? (NDR). ????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? SMTP ????? ???? ????????? ???? SMTP ??? ????? ??????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? SMTP ????? ????? ???? Testing ????? ??????.

????? ?? ????? ?? ?? FROM ?? ?????? ???????? SMTP ??? ?????: ????? ?????? ? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? (@) ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. ????? ??? ?????? Microsoft SMTP ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????? SMTP ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????. ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? "? ???? ????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????.

???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? Microsoft SMTP ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? SMTP ???????. ?????? Microsoft SMTP ???????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? SMTP ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????:
??? Relaying 550 5.7.1
????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? NDR. ?????? Microsoft SMTP ?????? ?? ??? ??????.

?????? ???? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP. ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? "????? ??????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? Exchange Server 2003 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
823866????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? "????? ???? ????? ???????" (RBLs) ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ?? Exchange 2003

?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP ?????? ?? ??????. ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? TarpitTime ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???????:
842851???? tar pit SMTP ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003
??? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP ? ????? ????? ???? ??? "???????? Microsoft Windows 2000 SMTP. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? "????? ????? ???? SMTP SDK ?? MSDN ?????? ???????":
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms527700.aspx

??????? ?????? SMTP ?????

??????? ????????? ?? RFC ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???:
550 5.1.1 UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld... ???????? ??? ?????
?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? "????? ???" Microsoft ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP ??????? ???????:
  • ??? ??? ???? SMTP ?????? ??? 5xx ???????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???????. ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? SMTP ? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????????.
  • ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? FROM ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? NDRs ??? ???????. ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ? hits ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ???. ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? 1 ???? ????, ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? 1 MB ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? 1 ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???? SMTP. ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? 1 ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ???? tens ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????.
  • ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? SMTP. ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? Microsoft premise ??? ?? ???? ???? SMTP ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? blockage ??????? SMTP ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? SMTP. ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????, ?? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? (ISP) ???? ?????????.

????? ?????? ???????

????? ?????? ???? SMTP ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????. ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? SMTP ?????????? ????? 1 ??? 5 ?? ??? ??? ?????. ???? ?????????? 6 ? 7 ?? ??? ?????? STMP ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? NDR.

?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? Telnet ???????? ?????? 25 ??? ???? SMTP ????? ??:
  1. ?? ?????? ???? ???????.
  2. ???? ServerName 25 telnet ? ??? ServerName ?? ??? ???? SMTP ?? ????? IP ?25 ?? ??? ??????, ??? ?? ???? ENTER.
  3. ???? EHLO ?? ?? ???? ENTER.

?????? ????? 1

????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? SMTP. ???? ???? SMTP ??? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld ??? ???? UserName ??? ???????? ? DomainName ?? ??? ?????? ? tld ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? .com ?? .net.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.1.0 UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT TO: RecipientNameRecipientName @ DomainName. tld ? ??? RecipientName ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    550 5.7.1 ???? ??? ????? ?? RecipientName @ DomainName. tld

?????? ????? 2

???? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? 1 ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ????. ???? FROM ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????, ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: LocalUser ? ??? LocalUser ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.1.0 LocalUserLocalUser @ DomainName. tld... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT TO: RecipientNameRecipientName @ DomainName. tld

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    550 5.7.1 ???? ??? ????? ?? RecipientNameRecipientName @ DomainName. tld

?????? ????? 3

???? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? FROM ????? ??????. NDRs ?????????? ???? ???? ????? ???? NULL FROM. ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ???? FROM ??????: <> ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    <>250 2.1.0... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT TO: RecipientNameRecipientName @ DomainName. tld

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    550 5.7.1 ???? ??? ????? ?? RecipientNameRecipientName @ DomainName. tld

?????? ????? 4

???? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? 2 ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????. ?? ??? ?? ???? SMTP ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld ??? DomainName ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.1.0 UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT TO: UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    550 5.7.1 ???? ??? ????? ?? UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld

?????? ????? 5

??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? 2 ???? ??? ??????? ????? IP ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????. ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????. ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? "localhost" ?? ??? ???? ??? ?????? (DNS) ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: UserName @ 10.10.10.10 ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.1.0 UserName @ 10.10.10.10... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT TO: UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    550 5.7.1 ???? ??? ????? ?? UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld

?????? ????? 6

???? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? UNIX ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? (@) ??? ??? ?????? ??????? (%). ?????? ?? relays ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ??????? (%) ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? SMTP ?? ?? ?????? NDR ??? ??? ????? ??????. ?????? Microsoft SMTP ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? NDR. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: UserName ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    UserName@ DomainName. tld... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT ???: % UserNameDomainName. tld ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.1.5 % UserNameDomainName. tldtld @ DomainName. tldUserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld
    ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????????.

?????? ????? 7

???? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? 6. ??? ??? ????? ?????? ('') ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? SMTP ???? ??????? ????? ?? NDR ??? ??? ????? ??????. ?????? Microsoft SMTP ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? NDR. ?????? ??? ????????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? Telnet RSET.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    250 2.0.0 Resetting
  2. ??? ?????? FROM: UserName ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    UserName@ DomainName. tld... .Sender ?????
  3. ??? RCPT ???: "UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld" ? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ?????? ???? telnet ?? ?? ????? ??? ???:
    "UserNameUserName @ DomainName. tld" @ DomainName. tld
    ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????????.

????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? SMTP ???? ?????????? ????? 6 ? 7

??? ????? ?????????? ????? 6 ? 7 ?? ???? ??????? Exchange 2000 ? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? NDRs ?????? Exchange ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????. ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? SMTP ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? unresolved ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? "???????" ?? "????? ???? Exchange.

??? NDRs ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????.

?????

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? Exchange Server 5.5 ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
196626????? ??????? ?? ???? Internet Mail Service
????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? Windows 2000? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
310356????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? IIS 5.0 SMTP ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000
???? ?????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? SMTP ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????: ???? Microsoft ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??????. ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft ??? ??? ????????? ???? ???????.

?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ?? ???? Microsoft ?? ???? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? "?? ??? ????????.

???????

???? ???????: 304897 - ????? ??? ??????: 22/?? ??????/1427 - ??????: 10.3
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Enterprise Server
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.0 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowto kbwinservnetwork kbnetwork KB304897 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????304897

????? ???????

 

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