????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 305542 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
Moderate: ??? ??????, ??????, ?? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ???

?? ???? Microsoft Access ??????? (.mdb) ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???

???? Microsoft Access 2000 ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??, ?????305541.

???? Microsoft ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? 97 ??????? ?????, ?????303941.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??? Microsoft Access ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???

???? ???????

?? ?? Microsoft Access ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????, System.mdw ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? ???

???????? ??? ??, Microsoft Windows 2000 ??? ??? ???????? ?? System.mdw ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???? ???

???:: ????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???
C:\Documents ?? Settings\ <user name="">\Application Data\Microsoft\Access\System.MDW</user>
?? ?????????? ?? Microsoft Windows 98 ??? ??? ???, ?? ??????? System.MDW ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??:
C:\Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Access\System.MDW
????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? Microsoft Access ??????? (MDB) ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??-???? ??????? ?? Microsoft Access ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft Access ??? ??????? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ???

??? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????????, ?? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? Access ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???, ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????

???? ????????? ??? multiuser ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??, ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ????

??????????:??? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??, ?? Microsoft ??????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??????????? ??, ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??, ?? ???? ?????? re-create ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????????? IDs ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??, ??? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???????

????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????, ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ??, ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????, ???? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????

???? Microsoft Access securing ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???, Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
289885???? Microsoft Access ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????
????? ??????? ????, ?????????? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ??, ?? ??????? ???????? (???????, ???????, ?????? ?? ??? ???)?

???? ?? ??????????

???? ??? ?? ??????????, ????? ????? ????, ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????????, ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???-??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????

???????????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? individuals ???? ???? ?????????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??, ?? ?????????? ???? ???? liberal ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ???

????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ??, ???????, ?? ??? ????????? ID. ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ID. ?? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ???

??????? ??????????

???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ???-??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???

??? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??? ????? ??, ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???-??? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???, ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? each ?? every ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????, ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? ??? ??, ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? ????, ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ????? govern ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????:?

?????????

????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????, ??????, ???????, ???????, ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????????, ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????, ?????, ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? inherit ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???, ?? ????????? ????

???:: ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? Microsoft ??????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? redistributed ?? ?? ???? ????

????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ???, ??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???

?? ?? ?? ?? ???? Access ??????? ?? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???, ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??? After the Access application has been secured, the workgroup information file used while setting up the security is the only workgroup information file that the database will work with. The workgroup information file can be copied to each local workstation or shared across the network.

WORKGROUP FILE ADMINISTRATION

The developer or application administrator can create additional workgroup information files by starting the Workgroup Administrator from the Access menus. ????? ?????????menu in Access, point to????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???????????? ??????????.

Note that the Workgroup Administrator shows the location of the current workgroup information file. The Workgroup Administrator is designed to create or join workgroup information files. Joining a specific workgroup information file makes the file the default workgroup file when Microsoft Access is started by one of the following methods:
  • ?????????????menu in Microsoft Windows.
  • From a Desktop shortcut to the database file.
  • Through file association when you double-click the database file in Windows Explorer.
The user can use the default workgroup information file or can force Access to use a secured workgroup information file created for a specific database. To associate specific secured database files with their workgroup information files, you must create desktop shortcuts. Each desktop shortcut must have theCommand-Lineoption set to start a specific database and use the specific workgroup information file secured with that database.

To start a secured Access database named MyApp.mdb in a folder named MyAppFolder with the workgroup information file used when establishing security on MyApp.mdb, the command-line syntax must include the /WrkGrp command-line switch, for example:
"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office\MSAccess.Exe" "C:\MyAppFolder\MyApp.MDB" /wrkgrp "C:\MyAppFolder\System.MDW"
You can create a shortcut and enter this syntax as the target of the shortcut.

????????? Command-line ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
209207ACC2000: Microsoft Access ??? ????-?????? ????? ?? ????? ????

????????? ??????? ????? ???

?? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? System.mdw ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????? securing ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? MDW ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????

??????? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???

???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? System.mdw ????? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ??? If you accidentally "secure" the default copy of System.mdw, you can copy it to the application folder and then create a new System.mdw in the default path. To create a new workgroup information file, follow these steps:
  1. Start Microsoft Access without opening any specific database.
  2. ??????????? ??,????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???????????? ??????????.
  3. ????? ????,?????????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???
  4. ?????Workgroup Owner Informationdialog box, enter your Name, Organization, and a Workgroup ID. Store the Workgroup ID.
  5. ?????Workgroup Information Filedialog box, take note of the path and file name that appears as the default for the new workgroup information file. If you want to place the file in another location, edit the path. You can also change the file name here.
  6. If there is another Workgroup file with the same name, the Workgroup Administrator will ask you if you want to overwrite the file. After making your choice, clickOK.
  7. The next window is a confirmation window that displays all the information that you have entered. Review and click eitherOKto proceed, or????????? ????if you find something that is not correct.
  8. When the Workgroup file has been successfully created, a window will appear confirming this to you. ????? ????,OKin this message. The process is complete.
  9. You can now exit the Workgroup Administrator or join another workgroup file to make it the default file.

Run-Time Access Databases

If you are using Microsoft Office Developer to package a Microsoft Access application, you must include the corresponding secured workgroup information file for any secured database that you are distributing.

If you are not distributing a secured Microsoft Access database, you do not have to include the workgroup information file.

???::When you distribute a Microsoft Access database with a profile, you must add a workgroup information file even if the database is not secured.

??????

For additional information about Microsoft Access security, see the "Frequently Asked Questions About Microsoft Access Security for Microsoft Access versions 2.0 Through 2000" white paper at the following Microsoft Web site:
Frequently Asked Questions About Microsoft Access Security for Microsoft Access versions 2.0 Through 2000
You can also download this white paper from the Microsoft Download Center at the following Microsoft Web site:
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
SecFaq.Exe now

???

???? ID: 305542 - ????? ???????: 17 ??????? 2011 - ??????: 3.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Office Access 2003
  • Microsoft Access 2002 Standard Edition
??????: 
kbdownload kbhowto kbmt KB305542 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:305542

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