How to start the default Internet browser programmatically by using Visual C#

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Article ID: 305703 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This step-by-step article shows you how to start the default Internet browser.

Requirements

  • Microsoft Visual Studio .NET

Specify the URL, FTP, or File to Open

You can specify a URL, a file, or an FTP address. All three of these assignments are valid:
   string target= "http://www.microsoft.com";
   string target = "ftp://ftp.microsoft.com";
   string target = "C:\\Program Files\\Microsoft Visual Studio\\INSTALL.HTM";  
				

Use the Process Class Start Method to Start the Browser

The Process class contains a static Start method. Because this is a static method, you can call Start without having an instance of a Process class.
System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(target);
				

Provide Exception Handling

Because you take advantage of the default UseShellExecute property when you call the Start method, you do not have to explicitly query the registry to determine which browser is the default. However, if you use this approach on a computer that does not have a browser installed, an exception occurs. This exception must be caught so that the appropriate action can be taken.

This example explicitly traps for an error that is generated when the necessary registry key is not found and indicates that no browser is installed. Additionally, a general exception handler is provided for other errors that may occur. The try...catch block is demonstrated in the complete code listing.

Complete Code Sample

    string target= "http://www.microsoft.com";
    //Use no more than one assignment when you test this code. 
    //string target = "ftp://ftp.microsoft.com";
    //string target = "C:\\Program Files\\Microsoft Visual Studio\\INSTALL.HTM"; 

    try
        {
         System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(target);
        }
    catch
        ( 
         System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception noBrowser) 
        {
         if (noBrowser.ErrorCode==-2147467259)
          MessageBox.Show(noBrowser.Message);
        }
    catch (System.Exception other)
        {
          MessageBox.Show(other.Message);
        }
				

Troubleshooting

This code is highly dependent on the application-file type associations in the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT hive of the registry. This can lead to unexpected results and exceptions if the registry is damaged. Additionally, file types and extensions may be associated with applications other than the browser. For example, HTM or HTML files may be associated with Web development software instead of the browser.

REFERENCES

For more information about the Process class, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
Process Class

Properties

Article ID: 305703 - Last Review: June 19, 2012 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual C# .NET 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual C# 2005
Keywords: 
kbhowtomaster kbprod2web KB305703

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