????? ??????? ????? API ????? ???????? (DPAPI)

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 309408 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? API ????? ???????? (DPAPI) ??? ????? ???????? ?? Windows 2000 ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??????? DPAPI ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? (?? Windows XP ?????????? ??????) ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????.

DPAPI ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????. ??????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? CryptProtectData() ??????? CryptUnprotectData() ?? Windows 2000? Windows XP ?? ????.

?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? Windows ???? (???? - P) ?? Windows NT 4.0. ???? P ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????. ???? DPAPI ?? ???????? ?????.
???? ??? ??????? ??? DPAPI ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? DPAPI ?? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? DPAPI ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms995355.aspx
????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????:

??????? ????

??? ???????? ????? ???????? DPAPI ??? ??? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? ???? DPAPI ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???????
  • ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????
  • ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??????
  • ?? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?
?????? ?? ?????? ?? DPAPI ???? ??? ??????? DPAPI ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0. ???? ??? "???????? ????????" ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????.

??? ??????? DPAPI ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? DPAPI ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???.

?? ???? ????? DPAPI

????? DPAPI ????? ??????? ???????:
  • ?????? ?????? ???? ??? (??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????)
  • ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????
  • ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? (EFS) ? S/MIME ?????? ????
  • ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? CryptProtectData()

??? ???? ??????: ???????? ????????? ??????

??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? DPAPI ??????. ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????:
  • ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? "???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????:
    %Userprofile%\Application Data\Microsoft\SystemCertificates\My\Certificates
  • ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ??????. ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????.
  • ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? DPAPI ?????? ?? ????? Windows ?????????. ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? (ACL) ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????.
  • ?? ??????? ?? ??? DPAPI ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? (?? ????? ????) ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????:
    • ?????? ??? ?????? RSA:
      %Userprofile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\RSA\ User SID
    • ?????? ??? ?????? DSA:
      %Userprofile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Crypto\DSA\ User SID

????? ??? DPAPI

?????? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???????. ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? DPAPI ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? Windows. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms995355.aspx
?? DPAPI ???? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????. ??????? DPAPI ??? ????? ????????. ????? DPAPI ????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????.

????? DPAPI ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? 512 ?? pseudo-random ?????? ????? ???????. ??????? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ????? RSA 2048 ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ??? ?????? 2 ???. ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????. ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? 90 ?????.

??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ????????, ??? ????? ???????? ????????. ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????????. ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.

DPAPI ???????? ???????

??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? DPAPI.

DPAPI ?????? ????? ??????

???? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???. ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????. DPAPI ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ????.

??? ??? ????? ??? ???????, ??????? ???? ????? ??? DPAPI ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????. ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? DPAPI ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? EFS (???????? ??????) ? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? (???????? ??????) ? ????? ?????? ?? Windows XP ?????????? ?????? (?????? ??????). ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ???????.

DPAPI ? ????????? ???????? ????????

???? DPAPI ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? "Active Directory". ????? DPAPI ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????. ??????? ???? DPAPI ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??????.

??????? ?? DPAPI ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??????. ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????. ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????, ??? ??????? ?? DPAPI ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????.

???? ?? DPAPI ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? (? ????????) ??? ??????? ???. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? DPAPI ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? "????? ????? ???? ??????" ?????? ?? ??? ???????.

???? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000. ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ? DPAPI ????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000.

DPAPI ?????????? ???? ??????

??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????. ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? DPAPI ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? Windows:
????? ???? ??????
?? ??? ??????? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ????. ?? ??????? ?? DPAPI ?????? ???? Winlogon ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? "Active Directory":
  • ????? DPAPI ??????? ?? Winlogon ????? ????? ????? ???? ????.
  • DPAPI ?? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????.
  • re-encrypts DPAPI ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????.
????? ????? ???? ?????? (??????)
?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????. ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????.

?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????, ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????. ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ???.

????? ????? DPAPI ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????.

????? ????? ???? ??????: ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? ???? ???

??? ??????? DPAPI ?? ???? ???? "Active Directory", ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????. ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????. ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????. ??????? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????.

?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? Windows 2000 ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? RPC ?????.
  • ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????.
  • ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????.
  • ???? ????? re-encrypts ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????.
????? ????? ???? ??????: ???? Windows NT 4.0

??? ???? Microsoft ???????? ??????? ????? DPAPI (??? ???? ??????? EFS ?? ??????? ???????) ?????????? ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0. ???? ??? "???????? ????????" ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????.

??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? DPAPI ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ???. ???? ??? "???? ?????? ????? ?????: Windows 2000 Workstation ?? ?????? ?????" ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????.

??? ????? Windows XP ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0 ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? "???????? ????????" ?? ??? ???????

????? ????? ???? ??????: Windows 2000 Workstation ?? ?????? ???

??? ??? ?????? DPAPI ??? ??????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????. ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ????????? ??????.

??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? re-encrypts ????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ??????. ?? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? DPAPI ??????? ??? ??????.

??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? Microsoft ??????? DPAPI ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???. ???? Microsoft ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? Windows 2000 ????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????:
  • ??????? ??? Windows XP
  • ??????? ??? SYSKEY 2 ?? 3 ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 2000

  • ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? SYSKEY ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
    143475???? ????? ?????? Windows NT ????? ???? ?? SAM
????? ????? ???? ??????: ???? ??? XP Windows ?? ?????? ???

?????????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? Window XP ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????. ?? Windows XP? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1) ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? Windows ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????.
?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? forcible ?????????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
290260EFS ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????
????? ????? ????? ???? ??????

????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? Windows XP ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???. ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? DPAPI ?? ??????? ???????.

?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? "? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??" ????? ??????? ?? Microsoft ":
321305????? ????? ?????? ??? Windows XP ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????

??????? ????????

?? ???? ?????? DPAPI ??????? ???? ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0

??? ?? ???? Microsoft ??????? DPAPI ?? ???? ???? Windows NT 4.0.

?? ???? Windows NT 4.0, Windows XP ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ?? ?????? ?????????. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????.

????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????? DPAPI ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????. ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???. ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? (????? ??????? ???????).

??? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ????????. ???? DPAPI ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????/??? DPAPI ???? ???? ??????.

??? ??? ?????? SP1 Windows ???? ???? ????? ??? DPAPI ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? Windows NT4. ??? ???? ?? ???? Microsoft ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ???????.

?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
331333 ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? EFS ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????

?? ???? ?????? DPAPI ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? Windows ??? ??????? ?????

??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? DPAPI ??? ????? Windows ??? ??????? ?????. ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? Windows ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????. ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? DPAPI ???????? ??????. ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????.

????? ?????? ??????? ?? Windows ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? Windows ?????? ??. ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????. ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????????.

?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? DPAPI ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????

??? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows XP ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ??????. ?????? ????? ?? ???? DPAPI ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????.

????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?? Disjoining ???? DPAPI

?? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? DPAPI ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????.

??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????, ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??.

??????? ? ???? ?????????

  • ???? Microsoft ???????? ????? ???? ????. ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? DPAPI.
  • ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ???.

???????

???? ???????: 309408 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/?? ??????/1428 - ??????: 4.6
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Microsoft Windows NT 4.0
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbinfo KB309408 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????309408

????? ???????

 

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