????? ???? Active Directory ? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? (????? 1)

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 310996 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???: Microsoft Press.

????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? "????? Active Directory" ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003. ???? ????? 2 ???? ??? ???????? ??????:
310997????? ???? Active Directory ? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? (????? 2)
???? ???????? ??????? ????? 1:
  • ????? ???? ??????
    • Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????????
      • ????????
      • ???
      • ?????? ??????
  • ?????? ?????
    • ????? ??????
    • ????? ??? ??????? ??????
    • ????? cross-link
???? ???????? ??????? ????? 2:
  • ?????? ????????
    • ????????
    • ??????? ?????????
  • ????? ?????? ?????
    • ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????
    • ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? (?????? ???)
    • ????? ??????
    • ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???
      • ????? ??????
      • ????? ??? ?????? ??????
    • ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? (???? ??????)
  • ??????
??? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ????? Active Directory ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 ????? 3: ????? Active Directory ? Windows 2000 ????????. ???? ?????? ??? Active Directory Services for Microsoft Windows 2000 Technical Reference. ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003.

??????? ????

???? ?????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? incarnations Windows NT 4 ??? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? subtler ??? ????? ??????? ?????????. ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ? ????? ??? ????? ? ?????? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????? "Active Directory". Active Directory ??????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ??????--?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???????. ????????? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?Active Directory ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????. ????? ????? ? indivisible ??????? ??? Windows 2000 ?? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ????? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????? ????? ?? ????? "Active Directory". ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? Windows NT.

Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????????

?? ??? ????? ?????? ???? Windows NT 4 ???? ???. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? sugarcoat ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? Windows NT 4--?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????--???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????. ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? revamped ????? "?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP)" ? "???? ????? ???????? (DNS).

????? ???? ??????

?? ????? ????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003, ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ????. ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?. ????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003.
????????
?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003; ??? ?? ??? ??????. ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ????? ??? (???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? 4) ???????? ?? ???? DNS. ???? 6 ????? "?????? ???? ??????? ? DNS?" ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? Active Directory ? DNS.

???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????. (???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????.) ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ??? ????????? ??????? ???? DNS ? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?????? DNS. ?????? ??? ?????? ??? microsoft.com ?? iseminger.com ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? DNS ? ???? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003.

???????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? msdn ???? ???? ?? ???? microsoft.com ? ???? ?????? msdn msdn.microsoft.com.

??? ????? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????. Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???; ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? msdn ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? microsoft.com ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???? msdn ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? msdn.microsoft.com ??? msdn.devprods.microsoft.com; ?? ????? ????? microsoft.com ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? msdn ????? ????? ????? devprods.microsoft.com ????? ???? msdn ???? ???? ???? ???.

????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????. ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?? ????? ???????. ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? (???? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????) ? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????. ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????. ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? (???????) ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? (???? ????) ????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????. ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????? ????, ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????. ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ??? ???? ????? ????, ??????? ???????? ??? ????.
???
?????--???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????--?? ??????? ?? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????. ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? DNS ????? ?????; ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? (?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????) ? ?? ?????? (?????? ?????) sprouting ?????? ?????.

????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??? ?????? ????? ????? DNS. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? DNS ???? micromingers.iseminger.com ????? Iseminger ? ?????? ? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? "?" ????? ???????? "?" ??????? "?" ?????. ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? 3-1.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
 Picture of
		  the domain tree for micromingers.iseminger.com

????? ??? 3-1. ???? ?????? micromingers.iseminger.com

??????: ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? iseminger.com ???? ??? ??????. ??? ???? vanity ??? ????? ????? ???????; ??? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???. "?? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? contentious ??????" ?? ????. "???????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ? ????? dull ???????." ??? ?????? ?? www.iseminger.com ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???. ????? ????? inventive ???? ???? alas ? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????????.

???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? DNS ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? "??????" ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????????. ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????.
?????? ??????
?? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? iseminger.com ? microsoft.com ? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? (??? ?????? ????? Iseminger ? ?????? ?? ??? ??????). ?? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????. ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????. ???? ????? ? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? "Active Directory" ?? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ? ?????? ??????.

??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? Iseminger ? ??????--iseminger.com--scrape ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ???? Microsoft ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????). ??????? "??????? ?????" ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??????? ????? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ?????? ???? ??????. (???? 10 ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????.) ???? ????? 3-2 ??? iseminger.com ???? ????? ???? Microsoft ?? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? Kerberos ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????. (???????? Kerberos ?????? ???????? ?? ????? 8.)

??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????, ????? ??????? ????. ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ????????? (?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????). ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? (????? ?????? ??????) ??? ?????? ?????. ?????? ????; ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????.

?????? ?????

??? ????? ??? Windows NT 4 ???? ???????? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ????? mesh ?????? ?????? ??????? (??? ?? Windows NT 4) ? ???? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? (????). ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? Windows ? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????. ????????? ????? ??????? (???? ??--????????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? inducing ????? memorization) exemplify ????? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????; ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? n ??? ????????:
--(n * (n-1) ?????? Windows NT 4)
???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????????--(n-1)
??? ?????? ??????? ? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????. (?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? n = 5 ?? ????? ???????.)
?????? Windows NT 4: (5 * (5 - 1)) = 20 ?????? ?????
???? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003: (5 - 1) = 4 ?????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
 Picture of the
		  combining of domain trees for Iseminger.com and Microsoft

????? ??? 3-2. ??? ????? ???? Iseminger.com ? Microsoft

???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???????. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????. ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 (????? Windows NT 4 ????????) ??? ????? ????? ????; ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ? ?? ??? ???. ????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????.

??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? (???????? ??????) ?????? ????? ??? ?????? Windows NT ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? (? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ????). ????? ?????? sliced ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????--???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????.

?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???????:
  • ?????? ??? ??????
  • ?????? ??? ?????? ???????
  • ?????? ????? cross-link
????? ??????
?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? A ??? ??????? B ? ??? ??????? B ??????? C? ?????? ??????? ?????? C ?????? ? ??? ???? ????? 3-3.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

		  Picture of transitive trust among three domains

????? ??? 3-3. ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????

?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? mesh ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????. ?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???; ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? (Windows NT 4 ?????????? ???????) ? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? Windows 2000 ?? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????.
????? one-Way
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? (????? ?? ?? ?????) ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? Windows NT 4 ??????. ?????? ? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? equate ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????; ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ????????. ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? Windows NT 4--???? ??? ????????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?????? ?? ???????. ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????.

??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? Windows NT 4 ????????. ??? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ??? ?????? (??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????) ? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? Windows 2000 "??" ???? Windows Server 2003 "?" ???? Windows NT ????? ??????.

??????: ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? (??? ????? ????? ???? Windows NT 4 ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003). ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? honored ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? Windows NT 4 ??? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003. ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? 11 ????? "????? ??? ????? Active Directory."

???? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003. ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??????. ???? ??????? ?? ????.

???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??????. ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? (???? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003) ?? ?? ??????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????????. (???? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???????? thwart ?????? ???? "Monopoly!") ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????, ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ???. ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???????.

??????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????.
????? cross-Link
??? ??????? ?????? cross-link ???? ????? ??????. ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? cross-link ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? confirmations ????? ????? ???? (?? denials) ?? ??? ?????. ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? cross-link ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ???????? ?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003.

????? ????? ???? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? ???????? (?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????) ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???, ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????? DNS. Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????, ???? ???? ?????? (???? "????? ????? ??????" [KDC] ??? ???? ???? ??????) ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? (???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????). ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? "?????? ??????" ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????. (??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? 8.)

??? ??????? walking ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? "walking ???? ????????" ???? ???? ??? ??? ? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????. ???? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? crisis ???????:

??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? wings ?????? ??????? ????? A ??????? V. inhabits ?????? ?????? V ? B ??????? inhabits ??????. ??? ????? ????? ???????? ? ???? ???? ?? ??????? A ? B ??????? ???? 1s ??? ?????? ?????? ?? V (??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????) ???? ??? 15s ????? ?? ????? ???? V. ???? ????? ??????? ???????? V. ??? hurried ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? 15 ????? A ??????? (?? ????? ???? V) ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? B. ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? 15 ????? B ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? (8. 5 × ?????? ?????) ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? V ? jog ?? (?????? ????? ??? tired) ???? ??? ?????? B ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? 15 ?????--??? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???. ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? biding ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? staring ??? V ??? ? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? departing ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????: ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??? passengers ??? ???? ?? 15 ????? A ?????? ??????? B ????? 15. ??? ???? ? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? 15s ????? ??????? ???????.

????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? cross-link ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????????. ?? amounts ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003. ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? A ? B, C ? D. A ??? ????? B, B ??? C ? C ?? ????? D. ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ? "?" M "?" N "?" ?????? A ??? ????? ?? M? M ??? N ? N ?? ????? ?????? convoluted ???? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ???? ????? 3-4 ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
 Picture of a sample
		  domain hierarchy

????? ??? 3-4. ????? ???? ?????

???? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? reason ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? D ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? P Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ?? ???? walking ???? ????? climbs ??? ??? ?????? (?????? A ?? ??? ??????) ? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? cross-link ??? ???????? ??????? ?? P ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? (?? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????). ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????????.

?????

????????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? Active Directory ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 ????? ?????? Microsoft Press.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

		  Picture of Active Directory Services for Microsoft Windows 2000 Technical
		  Reference book


????? ?????? ??? Active Directory Services for Microsoft Windows 2000 Technical Reference

????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? Microsoft Press ?????? ???? http://mspress.microsoft.com.

???????

???? ???????: 310996 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/?? ??????/1428 - ??????: 5.5
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbinfo KB310996 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????310996

????? ???????

 

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