????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? Media ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 311078 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

"?? ???????" ?? ??????? (IFM) ???? ?? "????? ????? Active Directory", ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ??????. ??? ??????? IFM ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????. ????? ??? ???????:
  • ??????? Reduced ????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????.
  • sourcing ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? "Active Directory" ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??? ????? ?? ??? ????????.

????? ???

????? ????????? IFM ??????? ??????? ???????:
  1. ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????????? IFM.
  2. ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? IFM ?????????.
  3. ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ?? ?????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??.
  4. ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? 1 ???????? "????? ????? Active Directory".
???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? IFM ?????? ????? ????? IFM.

?????????
  • ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? IFM ?????????.
  • ?????? ???? ???? ???? R2 ??? ????? ????? ????????? ?? Windows Server 2003 SP2 ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? 2003 R2 Windows Server. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? R2 ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? SP1 ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????:
    ???? ??????? ????: Active ???? ??????? ? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???????.

??????? ????

????? ???? ???? ???? ?????

????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????????? IFM. ??? ???? ????? IFM ?????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????.

????? ????????? ????? ??????

  1. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????????? IFM. ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???? "????? ??????" ?? ?????? ???? Backup Operators ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? IFM ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? IFM ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????.
  2. ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? IFM ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????.

    ?????? ???? ????? ????? 1119 ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????.
  3. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ntbackup ?? ???? ??? ?????. (?? ???? ??? ????? "???? ????? ?????????" ?? ??? ???????, ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????.)
  4. ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ???? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??????.
  5. ??? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??????.

    ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? & .bkf & ???? ????? ????????? ???????:
    • ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
    • ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????.
    • ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ??? MD5 ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???? SYSVOL.
    • ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
    ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????:
    X:\ Fully_Qualified_Computer_Name. Build_Number. Service_Pack_Revision. [No]GC. [No]MD5. TSL. & .bkf & YYYYMMDD
    ???
    • Fully_Qualified_Computer_Name?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????.
    • Build Number?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???????.
    • Service_Pack_Revision??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???????.
    • [No]GC??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??.
    • [No]MD5??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? MD5 ??????? ????????? ?? ???? SYSVOL.
    • TSL?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? tombstoneLifetime ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????. (????????? 60 ???).
    • YYYYMMDD?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
    ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????????: ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? 1 ????? 2004. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? CONTOSO.COM ???? ????? ?? DC1. ??? tombstoneLifetime ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????. (????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????). ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????:
    dc1.contoso.com.3790.sp0.gc.md5.60.2004.07.01.bkf
    ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? DC1 ??? 1 ????? 2004 ???? ??? ?? ????? 2004. ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? "?" ??????? "?" ??? ???? CONTOSO.COM "?" ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? IFM ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? CONTOSO.COM ???? 60 ??????.

    ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? & .bkf & ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????. ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????.
  6. ???? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????. ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? "?????? ?????? ???????" ?? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????????. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? IFM. ??? ??????? ????? ??? ????? & .bkf & ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????.
  7. ???? ????? ????????? ? ???? ??? ?????... ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????. ??? ????? ?? SYSVOL ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? sourced ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ????. ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????
    "?????: ??? ???? ??? ???" <drive>: \ \SYSVOL\domain\DO_NOT_REMOVE_NtFrs_PreInstall_Directory <path>"
    ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? (FRS). ????? ??? ????? ??????? FRS ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????.
??????
  • ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? Windows Server 2003. ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???????:
    ???? ??????? ????:
    ???? ??????? Active Directory ??? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???????. ????? ????????. ??????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????. "??? ??? ??? ????." ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? < ??? ?????? >
  • ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? IFM ???????, ??? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????.
  • ????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? "??????? ???????".
  • ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? "?????? ?????? ???????" ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? 6 ?? ????? "????? ????????? ????? ??????".

??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????

  1. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ?? ?????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????.
  2. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ntbackup ?? ???? ??? ?????. (?? ???? ??? ????? "???? ????? ?????????" ?? ??? ???????, ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????.)
  3. ?? ?????? ???????? "????? ?????????" ? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? Media ???????. ?? ??????? ????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????... ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? & .bkf & ???? ??? ???????? ??????. ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ?? ?????? ??????? ????? & .bkf & ? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ??????.
  5. ?? ??????? ??????? ???: ? ???? ??? ?????? ??????. ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????. ????? ?? ??? X: \Ntdsrestore. ?? ??? ?????? ???? X ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???. ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? "????? ????? Active Directory". ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????????.

    ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ? ???? SYSVOL ?? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? % systemroot % ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??????.

    ????????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? Active. ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? ??? DSREPAIR ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????. ?????? ??? ?? ??? DSREPAIR ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??? "?? ??? ????" ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? (DFS) ?? DFS ??? ????????? ??? ??????. ??? ?????? ???????.

    ????? ??????? ????? IFM ???? ???? ???? "Active Directory". ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ??? Ntds.dit ???? Active Directory ?????? ??? NTDS ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? IFM.

    ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? Ntds.dit ? NTDS ????? ????? ? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? IFM Ntds.dit ? NTDS ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ????????.

    ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? Ntds.dit ? NTDS ????? ????? ? ????? "????? ????? Active Directory" ???? Ntds.dit ?????? ??? NTDS ??? ?????? ????????. ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????.

    ??? ???? ?????? SYSVOL ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????????, ??? ??????? ???????? SYSVOL ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? "????? ????? Active Directory" ??? ???? ???? SYSVOL. ???? ??? ???? sourced ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ????? ??????? IFM ???? "Seeding the SYSVOL tree from restored files during IFM promotion" ??????.

    ?????? ??? sourcing ???? ?? "Active Directory", ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ???????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? "????? ????? Active Directory".
  6. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????????. ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????.
????????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? "????" ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? tombstoneLifetime ?? "Active Directory". ?????????? ???? ??????? 60 ?????. ???????? ???? ???? ?????????? ????? IFM ??? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? tombstoneLifetime. ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ????? Active Directory". ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? tombstoneLifetime ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ???????. ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ?? "Active Directory" ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???. ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? IFM ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????:
???? ??????? ????:

???? ?????? ??????? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ??? ????????? ?? "Active Directory" ???? ????.

??????? ??? ???? ???? (????): ????
??????? ???? ?????? ???? (???????): 60 (?????????)

"??? ??? ??? ????."

????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????.

????? ???? ???? ???? ??????

  1. ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? DNS ??? ??? "?" ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??????.
  2. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? dcpromo /adv ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? "????? ????? Active Directory" ? ????? ???? ???????.
  4. ?? ???? "??? ???? ???? ??????" ? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
  5. ?? ???? "??? ??????? ??????" ? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????????: ? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? "?" ???? ??????? ???????. ???? ??? ??????.
  6. ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ??? ???????? "?" ???? ?????? "?" ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????.
  7. ?????? ???? ????? "????? ????? Active Directory" ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??????.
  8. ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? SYSVOL ?? ?????? SYSVOL ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????.

?????????
  • ??? ?????? ???????? IFM ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ?? ??? ?????? ???????? IFM ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? "Active Directory" ??????.
  • ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? IFM ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????.
  • ????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? sourced ????? ????? IFM ? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????. ????? ?????? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???????, ??? DNS ???? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? sourced ????? ?????? IFM ??? ??? ?? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 1 ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003.
  • ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ????? IFM ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????. ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? DVD. ?? ??? ?????? ???????? IFM ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (UNC) ???? ???????.
  • ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? IFM ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????. ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? DC 32-?? ??? IFM ????? DC 64-?? ?? ?????? vise ??? ?????.
?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? Service Pack 1 (SP1) ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? (IFM) ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? SP1.

?????? ??????

????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ??? DVD ?? ????? ???? ????? ???????

?? ???? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? "???" ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?? DVD. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????. ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ????????? IFM ?????. ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????? IFM ???? ???????? ???????:
  • ??? ????? & .bkf & ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????.
  • ??????? ????? & .bkf & ??? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????.
?? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??.

???? ????? & .bkf & ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? "????? ????????? ????? ??????."
  2. ??? ????? & .bkf & ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? DVD ???? ???????.
  3. ??????? ????? & .bkf & ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? Ntds.dit.
  4. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? dcpromo /adv ?? ???? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? 3.
???? ????? & .bkf & ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? MD5 ??????? ????????? ?? ???? SYSVOL. ????? ???? ?????? FRS ???? SYSVOL ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? & .bkf & ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? DVD.

???????? ????? & .bkf & ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? "????? ????????? ????? ??????". ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? "?????? ?????? ???????" ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? "????? ????????? ????? ??????" ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????.
  2. ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? DVD ?????? ?????. ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???. ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? % systemroot % ????????? ???? ????? ?????????. ?? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????.

    ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? "Active Directory" ???.
  3. ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? \Ntdsrestore ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????. ???? ??? "????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??????" ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????.
  4. ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? \Ntdsrestore ??????? ?? ?????? 2 ??? ????? ????? ???????. ???? ??? "????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??????" ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????.
  5. ?? ?????? ????? dcpromo /adv ?? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???????.
??????? ????? & .bkf & ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? IFM ?? ??????? ??????? ???????. ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ????? & .bkf & ??? ???? ????. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? MD5 ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ??? ????? ???????? ????????. ????? ??? ?? ???? sourced ??????? ???? SYSVOL ??? ??????.

????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??????

??? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? 650 ???????? (MB) ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? 4 ???????? ???? DVD. ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????:
  • Active Directory
  • ???? SYSVOL
  • ????? Boot.ini
  • ????? ????? ??? COM +
  • ???????
?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????. ????? ??????? ???? "????" ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??????. ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????????:
  • ????? Active Directory.
  • ?? ??? ????? ???? SYSVOL ???? ???????. (????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? SYSVOL ????? ??????? IFM. )
  • ?? ??? ????? ????? Boot.ini.
  • ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? COM +.
  • ?????? ??????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???:
    • ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? \Registry.
    • ??? SAM ?????.
    • ?????? ?????? ?????.
    • ?? ??? ????? ??? ????????.
    • ??? ?????? ?????.
??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? Ntds.dit ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????.

????? ????????? IFM ??? ???????

????? ?????? IFM ??? ??????? ???????? dcpromo /answer: filename ?????. ?? ??? ????? filename ???? ??? ??? "???????" ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????:
[DCINSTALL]
UserName=SAM account name with domain admin credentials in the target domain
Password=The password for the account name
UserDomain=The domain name for the account name
DatabasePath=%systemroot%\ntds
LogPath=%systemroot%\ntds
SYSVOLPath=%systemroot%\SYSVOL
SafeModeAdminPassword=The password for an offline administrator account
CriticalReplicationOnly=no
SiteName=The name of the Active Directory site that this domain controller will reside in. This site must be created in advance in the Dssites.msc snap-in.
ReplicaOrNewDomain=Replica
ReplicaDomainDNSName=The fully qualified domain name
ReplicationSourceDC=An existing domain controller in the domain
ReplicateFromMedia=yes
ReplicationSourcePath=The local drive and the path of the backup
RebootOnSuccess=yes
????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? [DCINSTALL] ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/library/9639f180-c7fe-41c6-8c3d-92389023f0e71033.mspx

??????? ?????? ??????? DNS ????? ??????? IFM

????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? "Active Directory". ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? SP1 ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? Active Directory ?? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????.
  2. ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????????:
    ApplicationPartitionsToReplicate =
  3. ???? ???? ?? ??? "ApplicationPartitionsToReplicate" ??? ???:
    • ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? * ?????.
    • ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???:
      ApplicationPartitionsToReplicate = "dc = app1 ? dc = contoso ? dc = com" "dc = app2 ? dc = contoso ? dc = com"
  4. ?? "ReplicationSourcePath =" ????? ? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????? ???????.
  5. ??? ??? ?? ???? "????? ????? Active Directory" (Dcpromo.exe) ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? "???? ????" ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????.
    2. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? "SafeModeAdminPassword" ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? "??? ??????? ????? ???????"
    3. ??? ??? ????????.
  6. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER:
    dcpromo /adv /answer: "Path_of_the_Answer_File_Name"
    ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ? "????? ????? Active Directory" ???????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ???? "??? ??????? ????? ???????". ??? ???? "??" ????? "RebootOnSuccess" ?? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????.

seeding ???? SYSVOL ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? IFM

??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????. ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
322756????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? Windows


???? FRS ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? IFM ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? FRS. ??? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? MD5 ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? FRS ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??? SYSVOL ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? SYSVOL ?? ?????? ??? ????? "????? ????? Active Directory". ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
266679pre-staging "????? ???????? ?????" ??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? SYSVOL ? ???? ??????? ??????
???????? ????? IFM ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? MD5 ??? ?????? ?????????.

    ??? ?? ???? ????? FRS ???????? ??????? ????????? MD5 ??????? ?? ???? SYSVOL. MD5 ?????????? ??????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ?? SYSVOL ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? SYSVOL ??? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????. (??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????.) ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? MD5 ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? Ntfrsutil.exe ?????? ??????? IDTABLE FRS Windows NT.

    ??? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? MD5 ????? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? upstream ??? ???????.
  2. ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????.

    ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???. ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? FRS ??? MD5 ??????? ???????? ?? ???? SYSVOL. ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? MD5 ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????.

    ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? "? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????.
    2. ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????:
      • ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????.
      • \Sysvol\Domain X:\ParentFolder

        ??????X:\ParentFolder ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? SYSVOL. ?????? ????????? ?? SYSVOL ?????? ????? ?? C:\Windows\Sysvol\Domain ?? C:\Winnt\Sysvol\Domain. ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? NTFS ?????.
    3. ???? ??? ???? ???? & .bkf & ?? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
    4. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????????.
    5. ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? "?????? ?????? ???????" ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    6. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????????.
  3. ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????.

    ???? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? Sysvol\Netlogon ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ??? ?? ?? MD5 ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? SYSVOL.

    ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? "? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????. ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????.
    2. ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????????.
    3. ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ??????.
    4. ?? ????? ?????? ?? "?????? ????? ?????????" ? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????????.
    5. ?? ??????? ??? ??? ? ???? ??? ???? ????.
    6. ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? X: \ntdsrestore. X ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? Ntds.dit ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? "????? ????? Active Directory".
    7. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ????????.
    8. ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? SYSVOL ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? Ntds.dit ? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ? ??? ??????? 3 c ? e? 3f ? 3 g ???????? ?????? \Sysvol\domain X:\ ParentFolder ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? 2?. ??????? ??? Y: ?????? \Ntds_sysvol. Y ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? SYSVOL ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? "????? ????? Active Directory".
  4. ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????.

    ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? SYSVOL 650 ???????? ??? ???? ??, ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
    329491????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????????
  5. ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????.

    ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? NTDS ???? "?" ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????. ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? SYSVOL ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????.

    ??? ??? ??? sourced ???? SYSVOL ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? IFM ? ??? ?????? MD5 ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ???? ???? ?????? ???????.

    ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 ?? ????? ???? ?? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? SYSVOL ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? IFM ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? SYSVOL ??? ??????. ???? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? MD5 ???????.

    ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????? MD5 ??? ?????? SYSVOL ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????.

    ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????. ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? FRS ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????.

    ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????. ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL ?? ????? ??? ?????? FRS DFS.
  6. ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????.
    1. ?? ?????? ?????? Outlog ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NtFrs\Parameters
      ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
      221111??? FRS ????????? ?? ???????
    2. ????? ????? FRS ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????.
    3. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ntfrsutl outlog. ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? FRS.
  7. ????? ??? ??? ????? dcpromo ????? "Active Directory" ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??????.

    ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? MD5 ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? "ReplicationSourceDC =" ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? dcpromo. ????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? "Active Directory" ?? "ReplicationSourcePath =" ???????. ???? ??? "Unattended ??? ???????" ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????. ??? dcpromo /answer: filename. ?? ??? ????? ?? filename ?? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? dcpromo.

    ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? SYSVOL ???? ??? ????? ?????? pre-staged ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? upstream ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? Debug ??????? ??? ??? 4 ??? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ?????. ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? dcpromo.????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
    221111??? FRS ????????? ?? ???????
    ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? upstream ????:
    findstr /I ? NtFrs_000 RcsReceivingStageFile"?.???

    ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? sourced ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? pre-staged ????:
    /I Findstr ? (218) ? NTFRS_000 ?.log
    ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? "(218)" ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? SYSVOL ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????.

    ????? ??????? ?????? List.exe ?? Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit ??? ??????? ????? ??????? FRS.
  8. ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? SYSVOL ?? ???? ???????? SYSVOL ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????.
  9. ????? ????? Outlog ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????.

????? Dcpromo.log ?????? Dcpromoui.log

???? ????? ????????? IFM ?? Dcpromo.log ?????? Dcpromoui.log ???????? ?? ?????? %systemroot%\debug. ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? Dcpromo.log ???? ??????? IFM ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? C:\Ntdsrestore ? ?? ?????? sourced ?? ?????? %systemroot%\debug.
MM/DD HH:MM:SS [INFO] Configuring the local domain controller to host Active Directory
MM/DD HH:MM:SS [INFO] Copying restored Active Dir.. files from C:\ntdsrestore\Active Dir...\ntds.dit to D:\WINDOWS\NTDS\ntds.dit?
MM/DD HH:MM:SS [INFO] Copying restored Active Dir..files from C:\ntdsrestore\Active Dir...\edb00002.log to D:\WINDOWS\NTDS\edb00002.log?
MM/DD HH:MM:SS [INFO] Active Dir.. is initializing the restored database files. This might take several minutes.
????? ?????? ?? ??? Dcpromoui.log ???????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? IFM.
dcpromoui 6D8.104 0452     Enter State::ReplicateFromMedia true

?????

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
832942???? ????? ??? "?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????" ??? ??????? /ADV DCPROMO ??????? ???? ??????

???????

???? ???????: 311078 - ????? ??? ??????: 14/???/1430 - ??????: 9.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbinfo KB311078 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????311078

????? ???????

 

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