??????? ?????? FRS ???????? ????? FRS ?? "Active Directory"

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 312862 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ????? ???????? ??????? (FRS) ?? ???? ????? ?????? multi-master ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ???? "??????" ?? Microsoft ???? ??????? Windows NT 3.???? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0. ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? Server 2003-????? Windows FRS ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????????? ???????. ????? ???? ??????? FRS ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003-????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? (DFS) ????????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????.

???? ??? ???????:
  • ????? ??? FRS ???????? ????? FRS ????.
  • ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL.
  • ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? null ???? ???? ???? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????.

??????? ????

???? ????? ????? FRS ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????. ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? "?" ????? "FRS. ?????? ???????? (?????? ??? ?????? ?????) ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? FRS ??? ????? FRS ?????? ??????? ? FRS ???? ????? ????????. ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? FRS ????????.?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
296183FRS: ?????? "Active Directory" ???? ???????? FRS ???? ???? ???

FRS ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????: DFS ? SYSVOL. ??? ????? ???? Dcpromo.exe ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL. ?????? ???????? DFS (Dfsgui.msc) ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? DFS ?? ?????? DFS? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? FRS ??????.

??????: ???? ?? Windows Server 2008 R2? ???? ????? ????? ???????? SYSVOL ??? ???? "????? ????? ???????? ??????" (DFS-R). ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? DFS ???????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ????.aspx http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc794759 (WS.10)


??? ?? ????? ???????? FRS ? FRS

??? ????? ???????? FRS ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????.

??? ???? ??????:
  • SYSVOL: ??? ??????? Dcpromo.exe ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???.
  • ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? DFS DFS ????????? ????????? DFS: ??? ????? ??????? Dfsgui.msc ?????? ?????? DFS ?? ??? DFS ?? ??? ???????.
???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? frs.

???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? FRS FRS ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? "???? Active directory" ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????.

??? ???? ??????:
  • ?? ????? ?????? Active Directory? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? NTDS ??? ???? ???? ???? (??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????). ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????, ???????-??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? FRS ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? SYSVOL ?? ?????? ???? ????. ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????.
  • ?? ??? ???? ?????? "???? ??????" ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? FRS ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???.
  • ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??????.
  • ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????????? SYSVOL ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? (??) ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????.

????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????

?????? ?????? FRS ??????? ???? SYSVOL ?? ?????? FRS ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????. ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? KCC ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????. ??? ??????? NTDS ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? "Active Directory". ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????.

??? ?????? ?????? ????? "???? ????" ??? ???????? ??????? FRS ???? ???? (????) ??? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? Active directory. ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????:
  1. ???????? ntfrsutl?????:
  2. ????? 13562 ?? ??? ??????? FRS ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? service Pack 2 (SP2) ?? ??????? ??????:
    ??? ?????: ?????
    ???? ?????: NtFrs
    ??? ?????: ???
    ???? ?????: 13562
    ?????:???/???/???
    ?????:hh:mm:ss AM|?
    ????????: n/A
    ?????????:??? ?????????
    ?????:
    ???? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? "????? ???????? ???????" ????? ?????? ?? ??????? "???? ???? ??????" dc1.a.com ????? ????????? ? FRS ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????.

    ??????????? ?????? cn = dc1, cn = ???? ????? ?????? ?????? (?????? sysvol)? cn ???? ????? ????????, cn = = ??????? dc = a, dc = com ?? ???? ???? ????? ServerReference.
  3. ????? ??????? ?? FRS ???????:
    NtFrs_000X.log:???????????????????????: S0: HH:MM:SS: DS: ?????-??? (cn = DC1, cn = ???? ????? ?????? ?????? (sysvol share), cn = ???? ????? ????????, cn = ??????? ???? ???? ?????? =? ???? ???? ?????? dc = com) ?? sysvol ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????
  4. ???????? ntfrsutl????? ?????? ???????? ????? PERL ?????? (????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? Microsoft):
    S E R V E ? M I S S I N G ??? ??? N O U N D C O ? ? ? ?? ??? O N S

    FRS ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????:

    1-?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? NTDS ???? ??????. ??? ??? ???.
    2. ????? ServerReference ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ???.
    3-?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? FRS ?? ????? ??.
    4-???? ??? FRS ?? ???? ?????. ???? ????? ?? ???.

    ??????? ???? ???? NAME\DC1

????? ???? ???? ???? ?????

????? ??????? ?????? LDP.exe ?? ADSIedit.msc ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????. ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? (DN) ????? ??????? NTDS ????? ???????. ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? DN ?? ???? ??????? NTDS ????????? ???? ????? ?????? (?????) ??? ???? ????:
    • ?? LDP ADSIedit ?? ??? ???? DN NTDS ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????.

      -??-
    • ?? ????? ?????? ?? "Active Directory" ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? "?????? ?????" ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ????? DN ??????.
  2. ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???:
    1. ??? ????? ADSIedit. ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? (???????????) ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ????. ???? DN:
    2. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? null ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
  3. ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????:
    1. ???????????????? ??????? ?? ADSIedit:
      • ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????: ????? ??? ?????? ??????????.
      • ??? ????? ?????: ???????? ?????????.
    2. ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? DN ???? ??????? NTDS ?? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ?????? DN ???????? NTDS ??????? ??????
      CN = ??????? NTDS, CN =??? ?????????CN =??? ??????CN = ?????, CN = ?????? DC =???? ??? ?????? ????????DC = COM
      ?????? ??????????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ??????? NTDS ??? ?????? ????.
    3. ???? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? Active ????.
  4. ???????? ?? ??? FRS ??? ??????? "Active Directory":

    FRS ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????. ????? ??????? ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????:
    1. ???????net stop ntfrs?????? FRS, ??? ?? ??????net start ntfrs?????? ????? ????? frs.

      -??-
    2. ???????????????? ntfrsutl/??????? ??????? ???? FRS ????????? ??:
      1. ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??????. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????.
      2. FRS ?????? ??????? ????? ?? DS ?????? ????????? ????. ?????? ??? ??????? FRS ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ntfrsutl?????.
????? ?? ????? ????? ????:

????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? "????? ???? ???? ???? ?????" ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? frs.

????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? LDP ?? ADSIedit ????? ????? ??????? LDAP? ???? Microsoft ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???.

??????? ???????? ???????? FRS

??? ??? ????? FRS ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????. ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????:
  1. ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????.
  2. ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? "?????? ?????" ????????.
  3. ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????.
  4. ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????.
????? ??????? LDP ? ADSIedit ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????-???? ????? ?????? ???? "? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ????.

????? ?? ???????? ??????? FRS ?????

????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? FRS ???????? ??? ??? ?????:
  1. ?????????????? ntfrsutl??? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? PERL ????? ??????:
    S M E R S R V E ??? S S ????? ??? ??? N O U N D C O N ? C E ??? O N S
    ?? ?????? FRS ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????:

    1-?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? NTDS ?????? ???? ??????. ??? ???.
    2 ????? ServerReference. ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????. ??? ???.
    3-?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? FRS ?? ????? ??.
    4-FRS ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ???.

    ??????? ???? ???? NAME\DC1
  2. ?????????????? ntfrsutl?????:???????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????.

??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? FRS

????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? FRS ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????.

?????? ????? ?????? ????????? SYSVOL ???????? ADSIEDIT, ???? ??????? ???????:

????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ADSIedit. ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? "Active Directory" ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? "?????? ????? ????????" (??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????????) ????? ??????? ?????? LDP.exe ?? ADSIedit ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ADSIedit ??? "????????? "???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????????" ?????? ????? ????????? ". ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? DN ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ????DC = A, DC = COM?? ?????? ?????.
  1. ??? ????? ADSIedit. ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? SYSVOL ?????? ?????.
  2. ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? CN ???? ????? ????????, CN = = ??????, DC = A, DC = COM? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? ???????.
  3. ?????????????????????? ???, ??? ?? ???? ?????????.
  4. ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? (?????? SYSVOL)???????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????.
  5. ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????????.
  6. ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???????????? ?? ?????.
    • -?????????????:-?????? ????????: 4
    • -????????????????: -?????? ????????: 2
    • -?????????????: -?????? ????????: *.tmp? *.bak?~ *
??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? "??? ??????? ????? ???????".

    ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? "Active Directory"
    http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/Library/690730c7-83ce-4475-b9b4-46f76c9c7c901033.mspx?mfr=true
  2. ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? active Directory??? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ???????? ??????? NTDSUTIL ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? SYSVOL ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ndtsutil ??????:
    ntdsutil "??????? ??????" "??????? ???? ?????\"CN=Domain ???? ????? ?????? (?????? SYSVOL)? CN = ???? ????? ????????, CN = ???????DC = A, DC = COM\"" q q
    ??????????? ???? DNDC = A, DC = COM???? ?????? ?? ???? DN ?? ???? "Active Directory" ????? ??.

??????? ??? ???????? ??????? FRS

?? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ? objectclass ???????????????? CN, ? ?????. ???? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????. ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? FRS ????? ???? ???? ? Frs ????????? ??????.

?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ADSIedit ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??????\\DC1 ?? ?????? ????? ????????? SYSVOL A.COM ?????? ???\\DC1?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?A.COM?? ??? ??????.

??????ADSIedit ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????.

???????? ??? FRS ???????? ????:
  1. ??? ????? ADSIedit. ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? FRS ????? ?????? ?????.
  2. ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?????????.

    ? SYSVOL ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? A.COM? ???? DN:???????????? "???????" ?? ??? ?????? ???? LDP ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????. ADSIedit ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???.
  3. ADSIedit, ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? FRS ??? ???? ????? ????\\DC1? ???? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ???????:
    (CN = "???? ????? ?????? ??????" (?????? SYSVOL)? CN = "???? ????? ???????? ???????"...)
  4. ?? "????? ????? ??????"? ???? ??????????????? ?? ???? ?????????.
  5. ???? ??? ?????? ????????? (DC1 ?? ??? ??????) ?? "?????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????.
  6. ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????????.
  7. ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???????????? ?? ?????:
    • Frs ??????? ??????:
      • ?????? ????????: ???? ????????? ?? ???? DN ???? NC
      • ????: CN = DC1? OU = ?????? ????? ????, DC = a, DC = com
    • ?????????????:
      • ?????? ????????: 4 ? SYSVOL? 2 ????? ???????? DFS ???????
      • ????: 4
    • ???? ????:
      • ?????? ????????: ???? DN ???? ??????? NTDS ?? ??? ???????
      • ????: CN = NTDS ???????? CN DC1, CN = ??????, CN = = CORP ???????? ??????? ?????????? CN ?????, CN = = ?????? ???? ???? ?????? =? ???? ???? ?????? DC = com
  8. ????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ???? ??????????????:
    1. ?? ADSIedit, ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? 2:
      CN = ????????? NTFRS, CN = ARRENC1? OU ????? ???? ?????? DC = =? ???? ???? ?????? DC = com
    2. ???? ????? ??????? ?????????????????? ?? ???? ????????. ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????:
      CN = "???? ????? ?????? ??????" (?????? SYSVOL)? CN = ????????? NTFRS
    3. ?????????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????????????.
  9. ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???????????? ?? ?????:
    • ????????????????:
      • ?????? ????????: ???? DN ???? FRS ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? SYSVOL ?? ??? ??? ???? ??????.
      • ????: CN = DC1, CN = ???? ????? ?????? ?????? (SYSVOL ??????)? CN "???? ????? ????????", CN = = ??????, DC = a, DC = com
      • ???????: ????? ????? ???????????????????? ??? ???? ??? ??:
        CN = "???? ????? ?????? ??????" (?????? SYSVOL)? CN "???? ????? ????????", CN = = ??????, DC = a, DC = com

??????? ??? ?????? ???????????????

????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? LDAP ?? ??????? ???? ??????.

?????? ????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ADSIEDIT, ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ADSIedit. ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? SYSVOL ?????? ?????.
  2. ????? ???? ???? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ???????? ??????????????????? ?? ???? ?????????.
  3. ???????????? NTFRS???????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????.
  4. ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????????.
  5. ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???????????? ?? ?????.
    • -?????????????: o ?????? ????????: 4
    • -?????????????: o ?????? ????????: c:\windows\ntfrs

      ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???. ????? ??????, ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???.
???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? "???? ?????? ???????" ??? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? "??? ??????? ????? ???????".

    ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????
    http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/Library/690730c7-83ce-4475-b9b4-46f76c9c7c901033.mspx?mfr=true
  2. ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? active Directory??? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ?????? SP1 ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ndtsutil ??????:
    ntdsutil "??????? ??????" "??????? ??????\"CN=DC1,CN=Domain ???? ????? ?????? (?????? SYSVOL)? CN = ???? ????? ????????, CN = ???????DC = A, DC = COM\"" q q
    ??????????? ???? DNDC = A, DC = COM???? ???? DN ?? ???? "Active Directory" ?? ???? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? (DCPROMO) ?????? "Active Directory" ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????. ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? DC. ??? ??? ????? ????? DCPROMO ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????. ?????? ?????????????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? SYSVOL ????? ???????. ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??????.

??????? ??? ???????? ??????? FRS

FRS ??? ?????? ??????? FRS ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????. ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ??????? NtFrs_*.log ??? ???????:

    <frsdsdoesuserwantreplication: 1992:="" 2817:="" s4:="" 11:50:24="">: DS: ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????</frsdsdoesuserwantreplication:>

  • ??? ?????? Ntfrsutl???? ????? "?" ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??:
    ??????: DN ????????? NTFRS: cn ????????? ntfrs, cn = = pdc win2k? ou = ????? ???? ??????? dc = ????-win2k? dc = d... ?????? ?????? ???????: 8604c630a695dcdd 6 c 5c44b60b--8f01-48 ?????: ????? ?????? f:\winnt\ntfrs: f:\winnt\ntfrs WIN2K-PDC ??? ???? ?? ?? ??????!
    ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ????????? DFS.

??? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? ??? ????? ???? ???????/?????? ????????? DFS ??? ????? ???????
  • ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????
  • ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ? SYSVOL? ??? ??????:
    CN =??? ?????????CN = "???? ????? ?????? ??????" (?????? SYSVOL)? CN = "???? ????? ????????", CN = ??????? dc =??? ?????? ????? ??
    ??????? ?????? ????? DFS? ??? ??????:
    CN =??? ??????CN =??? ???? ????? DFSCN =??? ???? ????? DFS? CN ????? ????? DFS, CN = ???? ????? ????????, CN = = ??????, DC =?????? ????? ??
    ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? Active directory ?????? ?????????. (?? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????.) ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???.
  • ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? objectGUID ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????:
    1. ?? ???? ???????, ????LDP.EXE.
    2. ???? ???Connection\Connect? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??.
    3. ???? ???Connection\Bind. ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? "Active Directory"? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????. ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????.
    4. ???? ???View\Tree. ???? ?? ?? ????? "??" ?????? ??? ?? ???? ENTER.
    5. ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? LDP? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????. ??? ????objectGUID??????, ??? ?? ??? GUID ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???.
??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? FRS, ???? ??? ???????.
???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ADSI Edit ????????? ?????? ???????? LDP? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??????? 3 LDAP ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 Server? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows Server 2003? Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003? ?? ?? ?? Windows ? Exchange. ??? ???? Microsoft ?? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? "???? Active directory" ??? ????. ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????.
  1. ????? ???? "NTFRS" ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????.
  2. ????? ?????? ADSIedit.msc. (??? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? Windows). ???? ???? CN = ????????? NTFRS ???? ???? ?????????.
  3. ????? ??? ?????? 4 ?????? ???????? DFS. ???????? SYSVOL? ???? ??? ???????:
    1. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????, ??? ?? ???? ???New\Object.
    2. ???? ??????? ??????????????. ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? (?????? SYSVOL).
    3. ????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ??:
       fRSStagingPath = F:\WINNT\SYSVOL\staging\domain 
      fRSRootPath = F:\WINNT\SYSVOL\domain
      fRSMemberReference = CN=computer name,CN=Domain System Volume (SYSVOL share),CN=File Replication Service,CN=System,dc=your domain name
  4. ??? ??? ?????? DFS ????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? 5. ?????? ???????? DFS? ???? ??? ???????:
    1. ?? ???? ????? ?????? "DFS ????? ???????"? ????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ???New\Object. ???? ??? ?????? ???????????????. ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? DFS. ???? ????????.
    2. ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? (GUID ?? objectGUID ???? ?????? ?????)? ?? ?????? ??? ??????.
    3. ????? ???? ??????????????? ???. ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ADSIEdit, ??? ?? ??? ???? CN = DFS ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? 4a.
    4. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???New\Object -???? ???????????????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???. ???? ??? ENTER.
    5. ???? ??? ???? ??????????????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? 4 ?. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ???New\Object -??? ?????????? ???????.
    6. ???? ??? ?????? ??????????????. ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? DFS. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ??:
      fRSStagingPath = D:\DFS-Volumes\App-Install
      fRSRootPath = D:\FRS-Staging
      fRSMemberReference = CN=Server name,CN=DFS volume name,CN=DFS volume name,CN=DFS Volumes,CN=File Replication Service,CN=System,DC=your domain
  5. ????? ????? ???? "NTFRS". ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???????? FRS.

??????? ??? ?????? ??????? DFS

  1. ??????? Adsiedit.msc (???? ???? ?? Windows 2000 ? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Server 2003 Windows) ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ????:
    1. ??? ????? Adsiedit.msc.
    2. ????? ???? ?????? ??????:
      cn = ????? ????? DFS, cn = "???? ????? ????????", cn =????, dc =??????
    3. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? DFS ???? ??????? (?????? ????? ????). ???? ??? ????????? ???? ????? DFS ??????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? DFS. ??? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??. ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???????????, ???? ????????? ?? ???? ???????????????????????.
    4. ??????? ?? ???????. ?????? ????? ??? ??????????????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??Value (s)???? ???? ???? ????.
  2. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???nTDSConnection.
  3. ???? ??? ??????, ??? ?? ???? ???????? ????.
  4. ????? cn? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? (???? ?? ???? ??????)? ?? ???? ?????????.
  5. ????????:?????????????? ???0? ?? ???? ?????????.
  6. ????????:??????????????????? ?? ???? ??????? DN ?? ???? ??????? ??? NTFRS (objectclass = ???????????) ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????. ?? ?? ????? Windows? ??? ?????? DN ????? NTFRS ????????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? DN ?? ??????????:????????????????????, ??? ?? ???? ?????????.

    ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? \\DC1 ?\\DC2 ?\\DC3 ?? ???? CORP.???? "COM". ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????\\CORP.?????? DFS ?????? COM\DFSFT\APPS ???????? ????? ?????? ??????????:
    • \\DC1 ?????? ????????? ??????? ??\\DC2
    • \\DC2 ?????? ????????? ??????? ??\\DC1
    • \\DC3 ?????? ????????? ??????? ??\\DC2
    ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? DN? ?????? ????? ????? ObjectClass ???????. ?????? ? ObjectClass ????? ??? ??? ??? ????????. ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? DN ?????? ?? ?????? ????? (""...) ??????? ?????? ???????. ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??\\DC3 (??????) ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??\\DC1 (??????)? ??? ???? DN ?????????????????????? ?\\DC1
    CN = {06f7572e-4e49-4a6e-9ce5-d3b229b591c5}, CN = dfsft|apps, CN = ?????, CN ????? ????? DFS, CN = =...
    ??? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?????????:?????????????????.
  7. ????????:?????????????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????.
  8. ???? ????????.
FRS ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? "???? Active directory".

???????

???? ???????: 312862 - ????? ??? ??????: 09/???? ??????/1432 - ??????: 1.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
????? ??????: 
kbinfo kbmt KB312862 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????312862

????? ???????

 

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