???? ???????: 314058 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)): 229716.
?????? ????
??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ?????? ?????????. ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????????.

???????? "???? ?????? ??????????"? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows.

??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? (Administrators) ?? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????". ??? ??? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????. ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

?????

?????? ??? ??????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ?????????? ?????? ???. ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????:
  • ????? ??? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows XP
  • ????? ??????? "???? ?????? ????????"
  • ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ?????????? ?????? ???
  • ??????? ???????? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows

??????? ????

??? ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? NTFS ?????? ??????? FAT ?FAT32 ???? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? Windows (GUI). ?? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????:
  • ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????
  • ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????????
  • ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? (MBR)
  • ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????
?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ??? ????????? ???. ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? NTFS.

?????? ?????: ?? ???? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ??????

?? ???? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? Windows ???????. ?????? "???? ?????? ??????????":
  1. ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???????.
  2. ??? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????".
  3. ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????.
  4. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????"? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? "??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? Windows".
  5. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? Help ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????.
  6. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? Help ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? help attrib ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????.
  7. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Exit ?? ??? ???????.

?????? ??????: ??? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows XP

?? ???? ??? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows XP ??????. ?? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? Windows ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? "????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? Windows ????? ??? ???????".
  1. ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????. ?? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? (???????) ?? ????? ???????.
  2. ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? "???????"? ???? ?????????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? R.
  3. ??? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????".
  4. ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????.
  5. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????"? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? "??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? Windows".
  6. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? Help ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????.
  7. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? Help ??? ?????Help ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? help attrib ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????.
  8. ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ?? ???? ????? Exit ?? ??? ???????.

?????? ??????: ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ????? ??? ?????

?? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? Windows? ????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows XP ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? Windows. ?????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ????? Windows? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows ?? ???? ??????? ????????.
  2. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ???? ??????? ??????? (??? ???? X: ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????????), ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????????.
    X:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons
    ?????? ???? ????? ??? /cmdcons.
  4. ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? "???????".

    ?????? ???? ??? ??? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ??? ???? "??? ????? Windows".
  5. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? "???? ?????? ??????????" ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????????.
??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
229077 ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????
222478 ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????

??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???

??? ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???:
  • ?????? ?????
  • ?????? %SystemRoot% ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? Windows ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????.
  • ?????? Cmdcons
  • ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? DVD
?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? "?? ??? ??????". ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????. ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows. ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???. ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???.

??????? "???? ?????? ????????" ???? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows

???? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????" ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? NTFS ?????? ??????? FAT32 ?FAT. ???? "???? ?????? ??????????" "????? ???????? ????????" ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows ??????????.

??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? Windows? ???? ??????? ???????:
Microsoft Windows(R) Recovery Console (???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows(R))

The Recovery Console provides system repair and recovery functionality. (???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????.)
Type EXIT to exit the Recovery Console and restart the computer. (???? EXIT ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????).

1: C:\WINDOWS

Which Windows Installation would you like to log on to ? (?? ????? Windows ???? ????? ?????? ?????)
(To cancel, press ENTER) (???????? ???? ????? "???????")
???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows. ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? 1. ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? "???????".

?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows. ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? "????? ?????? ??????" (SAM) ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ????. ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows? ???? Exit ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

??? ??????? ???? ??????? Windows XP Professional? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
312149 ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????????

??????? ???????? ???? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows

????? ??????? ??????? ???? "???? ?????? ??????????" ????? ??????? Windows. ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????.

????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??. ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???? ????.

HELP

?????? ????? help ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????:
   attrib    del        fixboot   more     set
   batch     delete     fixmbr    mkdir    systemroot
   bootcfg   dir        format    more     type
   cd        disable    help      net                      
   chdir     diskpart   listsvc   rd                        
   chkdsk    enable     logon     ren                      
   cls       exit       map       rename    
   copy      expand     md        rmdir
				

ATTRIB

?????? ????? attrib ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ????:
-R
+R
-S
+S
-H
+H
-C
+C
???????
+ ??????? ?? ????? ???
- ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???
R ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???
S ???? ??? ??? ??? ????
H ??????? ???? ??? ????? "??? ????"
C ??????? ???? ??? ????? "??? ?????"

??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???.

???? ??????? ?????? ????? dir.

BATCH

batch ??? ??????? [??? ???????]
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????.

BOOTCFG

?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????????. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????:
bootcfg /add
bootcfg /rebuild
bootcfg /scan
bootcfg /list
bootcfg /disableredirect
bootcfg /redirect [portbaudrate] | [useBiosSettings]
?????:
bootcfg /redirect com1 115200
bootcfg /redirect useBiosSettings
????? ??????? ???????? ???????:
/add ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? Windows ?????? ???????.
/rebuild ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? Windows ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???????.
/scan ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? Windows ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???????.
/default ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????.
/list ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????.
/disableredirect ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????.
/redirect ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????.

CD ?CHDIR

?????? ??????? cd ?chdir ??????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????:
???? cd .. ??????? ??? ?????? ?????.
???? cd drive: ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????.
???? cd ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????.
????? ????? chdir ???????? ??? ???? ??????. ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ("") ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???:
cd "\windows\profiles\username\programs\start menu"
???? ????? chdir ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

CHKDSK

chkdsk ???? ??????? /p /r
???? ????? chkdsk ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???. ???? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????.

????? ??????? ???????? ????????:
/p ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????.
/r ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????.
?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? /r? ??? ????? ?????? /p. ??? ????? ????? chkdsk ???? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????.

??? ????? ????? chkdsk? ??? ??????? ????? Autochk.exe. ???? CHKDSK ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? Cmdcons. ?? ???? ???? ???? CHKDSK ??? Autochk.exe ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????? CHKDSK ????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows. ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? CHKDSK ????? ????? Autochk.exe.

CLS

?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????.

COPY

copy ?????? ??????
?????? ??? ????? ???? ???. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (*)? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????. ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ????.

???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? Windows ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? Cmdcons.

?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????. ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????.

DEL ?DELETE

del ???? ???????: ?????? ??? ?????
delete ???? ???????: ?????? ??? ?????
?????? ??? ????? ???? ???. ?? ???? ???????, ???? ???? ???????: ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????. ???? ????? delete ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ???? ????? delete ???? ?????.

DIR

dir ???? ???????: ?????? ??? ?????
?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????. ?? ???? ???????, ???? ???? ???????: ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????. ???? ????? dir ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????:
D ??????
H ??????? ???? ????? "??? ????"
S ???? ??? ??? ??????
E ????
R ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ???
A ????? ????? ???????
C ?????
P ???? ????? ??????? ??????
???? ????? dir ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

DISABLE

disable ??? ??????
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? Windows. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????.

?????? ????? listsvc ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ???? ????? disable ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? SERVICE_DISABLED. ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????.

???? ????? disable ???? ??? start_type ???????:
SERVICE_DISABLED
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START

DISKPART

diskpart /add/delete???_???? ???_???? ??????? ???_????? ?????
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????. ????? ??????? ???????? ???????:
/add ??????? ?????? ??? ????.
/delete ??????? ???? ??? ?????.
???_?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????.
???_???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? D:.
???_????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??????.
????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????????.
????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? MAP? ??? ???? ??????? \Device\HardDisk0. ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? \Device\HardDisk0\Partition1. ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????.

????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ???????. ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? "????? ???????".

ENABLE

enable ??? ?????? ???_??? ???????
????? ??????? ????? enable ?????? ???? ???? ??????? Windows ?? ?????? ????? ??????.

?????? ????? listsvc ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ???? ????? enable ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????. ?? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????.

???????? ??????? ?? ???_??? ??????? ?? ???????:
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START
?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? enable ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????.

EXIT

?????? ????? exit ?????? "???? ?????? ??????????" ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

EXPAND

expand ?????? [/F:filespec] [??????] [/y]
expand ?????? [/F:filespec] /D
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????. ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????.

????? ??????? ???????? ???????:
/y ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????.
/f:filespec ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????.
/d ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????.
??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? /f:filespec ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????.

???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? Cmdcons. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? "??????? ???". ?????? ????? attrib ?????? ????? ??????? ???.

?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? /y? ?????? ????? expand ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????.

FIXBOOT

fixboot ??? ???? ???????:
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? Windows ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? Windows. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????. ??? ??? ????? fixboot ??? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? x86.

FIXMBR

fixmbr ??? ??????
?????? ??? ????? ?????? MBR ????? ???? ???????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? MBR ????. ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? MBR ?????? ??? ????? Windows.

????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???????. ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????. ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? map. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? MBR ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????:
fixmbr \device\harddisk2
?? ???? ??? ????? fixmbr ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? fixmbr ???? ??? ????? ????? MBR. ??? ??? ????? fixmbr ??? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? x86.

FORMAT

format ???? ???????: /Q /FS:file-system
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? /Q ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? /FS:file-system ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? FAT ?? FAT32, ?? NTFS. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????.

LISTSVC

???? listsvc ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ??????. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? disable ?enable.

????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\System. ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????.

LOGON

logon
???? ????? logon ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows ???? ?? ????????, ?? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? Windows ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????. ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

MAP

map arc
?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? arc ?? ????? map ??????? ?????? ARC ????? ?? ?????? ???? Windows.

MD ?MKDIR

???? ??????? md ?mkdir ?????? ?????? ?????. ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????. ???? ????? mkdir ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

MORE

more ??? ?????
?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????.

NET

??? ????? ?? ?? ??? "?????????" ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? net ??? ???? ????????? ?? "???? ?????? ??????????". ??? ??? ????? ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ??????????. ????? ?? ????? ????? ????.

RD ?RMDIR

?????? ??????? rd ?rmdir ???? ????. ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

REN ?RENAME

?????? ??????? ren ?rename ?????? ????? ???.

?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Windows ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

SET

????? ??????? set ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????.
AllowWildCards = FALSE AllowAllPaths = FALSE AllowRemovableMedia = FALSE NoCopyPrompt = FALSE
????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? set? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
235364 ??? ????? SET ?? "???? ?????? ??????????"

SYSTEMROOT

???? ????? systemroot ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? %SystemRoot% ????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????.

TYPE

type ??? ?????
?????? ????? type ???? ??? ???.

?????

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)) ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? "???? ?????? ??????????"? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/ar-sa/library/cc776139(en-us,WS.10).aspx

???????

???? ???????: 314058 - ????? ??? ??????: 28/???/1434 - ??????: 6.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
????? ??????: 
kbresolve kbenv kbinfo KB314058

????? ???????

 

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