Windows XP ?? ??? TCP/IP ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 314067 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
?? ???? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 ??????? ?? ???, ?????102908.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

?????

????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? Microsoft Windows XP ?? ??????? TCP/IP ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??, ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????



???? ???????

TCP/IP ?????? ?????? ?????

????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? TCP/IP ????? ????? ?? ?? Windows XP ?? ??? ????? ???:

??? ?????

  • ??? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????
    ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???
  • ??????? ??????? ???????
    ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????, ?? ??? ????? ???????????????? ????,???????? ?????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????.
  • IPConfig ????
    ????????? ???? ?? ??????? TCP/IP ??????? ??????????? ???, ??????, ?? ?????????, ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????? (DHCP) ?????? leases, ?? ?????????, ???????, ?? ????? ??? ?????? (DNS) ????? ????
  • ???? ????
    TCP/IP ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? TCP/IP ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ICMP ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ???

????? ?????

  • ???????? ????
    ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ???
  • Nbtstat ????
    ??????? NetBIOS ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? TCP/IP ???????, ?????? NetBIOS ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? scope ID.
  • PathPing ????
    ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?? TCP/IP ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ???
  • ??? ????
    IP ?????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? IP ????? ?? ??????
  • Tracert ????
    ??? TCP/IP ????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ???
?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????-??? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????

Windows XP Professional ?????

Windows XP Professional ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??:
  • ????? ??????
    ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????
  • ???????? ???????
    ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???

?????? ??????

????????? ?? ????? ????? ?? TCP/IP ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???

?????? ?????? ????????

??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ????? ??, ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. ????? ????,????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????.
  2. ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????????????? ?? ???? ????
  3. ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ???
  4. ????????? ?? ???? ???? ??, ??? ??? "????" ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????, ?? ????????? ?? ??????? ????, ?? ?? showed ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ??????
????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???, ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????, ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? TCP/IP ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ??, ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????

?? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??:
netsh diag gui

???????? ?????? ??????

To manually troubleshoot your TCP/IP connectivity, use the following methods in the order that they appear:

Method 1: Use the IPConfig tool to verify the configuration


To use the IPConfig tool to verify the TCP/IP configuration on the computer that is experiencing the problem, click???????????? ????,?????, ?? ??? ???? ????cmd. You can now use theipconfigcommand to determine the host computer configuration information, including the IP address, the subnet mask, and the default gateway.

The/allIPConfig ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??? ???????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? IPConfig ?????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???, ???? ????:
Ipconfig > \folder_name\file_name
?????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???

?? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? IPConfig ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???, ??? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?????? IP ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? IP ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ??, ????? ????? ????? ?? 0.0.0.0 ?? ??? ????

??? ???? ??????? IP ??? ?? 169.254 ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???y.z??? ????? ????? ?? 255.255.0.0, ?? ??? IP ??? ????: ???????? IP ????????? (APIPA) ?????? ?? Windows XP Professional ?? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????: ??????????? ?? ???, ??? DHCP ????? ????, ?? TCP/IP ???????? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???

??? ???? ??????? IP ??? ?? ?? 0.0.0.0 ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??, ?? DHCP ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ??, ?? TCP/IP ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? IP ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? IP ??? ???? ??????? ????

??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? TCP/IP ??? ????? ?? ???? ???????????, ???? 2 ?? ?????

???? 2: ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????


If you do not identify any issues in the TCP/IP configuration, determine whether the computer can connect to other host computers on the TCP/IP network. To do this, use the Ping tool.

The Ping tool helps you verify IP-level connectivity. Thepingcommand sends an ICMP Echo Request message to a destination host. Use Ping whenever you want to verify that a host computer can send IP packets to a destination host. You can also use Ping to isolate network hardware problems and incompatible configurations.

???:If you ran theipconfig /all???? ?? IP ???????????? appeared, ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? IP ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? IPConfig ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ??????, ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ???? ?? ????? ????:
????:IP ???
???:IP ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ?? IP ??? ???

?? ????? ???? ?? ???????:???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. ???????? ???? ?? TCP/IP ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
    127.0.0.1 ???? ????
    ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??, IP ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??:
    • TCP ??????? ????? ????
    • ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???
    • ???? ???? ???? ?? IP ?? interfering ???
  2. ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? IP ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??, ??? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ????? 127.0.0.1 ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
    ????:??????? ????? ?? IP ???
    ??? ?????? ??????? succeeds ????? ??????? IP ???? ???? ???, ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???
  3. ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? IP ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
    ????:??????? ????? ?? IP ???
    Ping ???? ???? ??, ??? ?? ??????? ???????, ???? ?? ????? ??????, cabling, ?? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???
  4. ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?? IP ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
    ????:?????? ????? ?? IP ???
    ??? ping ???? ???? ??, ?? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??, ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ????
  5. ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
    ????:?????? ????? ?? ????? ???
    ???? ??? IP ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????, ??? ???? ???? ??????????? ??? IP ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??, ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????, ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? DNS ????? ??? ????????, ?? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??? TCP/IP ??, ?? ????: ????????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??? DNS ????? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????Ipconfig/???????, ????????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????
??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ????? ??, ????? ??????????? ??????:
  • ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? IP ??? ????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??????????????????? ????????? (TCP/IP) ???????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? Ipconfig ????? ?? ????
  • ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??, ?? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? IP ????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????, ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????
  • ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? (IPSec) ???? ???? ??? IPSec ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? IPSec ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? 7 ?? ????: ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? (IPSec)?
????????????? pinging ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ????-????? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ??, ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???-w(?????????) ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ????

???? 3: ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? PathPing ????? ?? ?????


???-hop ?? ?? PathPing ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? PathPing ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ???? ????::
pathping?????? ????? ?? IP ???
???? 4: ARP ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? Arp ?????


??? ?????? ??? (127.0.0.1) ?? ???? IP ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? IP ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??, ?? ??? ?????????? ????????? (ARP) ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? Arp ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????:
ARP - ??

ARP -g
???????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????:
ARP -dIP ???
ARP ??? ?? ????, ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????:
netsh ??????? ip arpcache ?? ?????
???? 5: ???? ???????? ?????


????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????, ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ??, ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????, ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ??? IP datagrams ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???

???? 6: ????? Tracert ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???


??????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??, ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???, ??? Tracert ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? IP ?????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000-?????? ?? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0-?????? ??????????, ?? ??? IP ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????-?? ?? ????? ????? ???? IP ???? ?? ??? IP ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????????-????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????

?????, ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????:
TTL Transit ???????
?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????? hops ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? Live (TTL)? ????? ?? ?????? TTL, ?? ?????? ?? ???ping -i????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????Tracert??????? ????????? ???? ?? ???? misconfigured ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???
?????? ????? ????? ????? ????
This error message means that no local or remote route exists for a destination host at the sending host or at a router. Troubleshoot the local host or the router's routing table.
Request Timed Out
This error message means that the Echo Reply messages were not received in the designated timeout period. By default, the designated timeout period is four seconds. ?????ping -wcommand to increase the timeout.
Ping request could not find host
This error message means that the destination host name cannot be resolved. Verify the name and the availability of DNS or WINS servers.

Method 7: Verify Internet Protocol security (Ipsec)


IPSec can improve security on a network, but changing network configurations or troubleshooting problems more difficult. Sometimes, IPSec policies require secured communication on a Windows XP Professional-based computer. These requirements can make it difficult to connect to a remote host. If IPSec is implemented locally, you can turn off the IPSEC Services service in the Services snap-in.

If the difficulties end when you stop the IPSec services, IPSec policies are either blocking the traffic or requiring security for the traffic. Ask the security administrator to modify the IPSec policy.

Method 8: Verify packet filtering


Because of mistakes in packet filtering, address resolution or connectivity may not work. To determine whether packet filtering is the source of a network problem, turn off TCP/IP packet filtering. To do this, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????? ????????? ????,??????? ?? ??????? ???????, and then click??????? ???????.
  2. Right-click the local area connection that you want to modify, and then click???.
  3. ????? ??????????????, ???This connection uses the following items????, ????? ??????????? ????????? (TCP/IP)?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??????.
  4. ????? ????,?????????? ????, ?? ???? ???????????? ?? ????? ????..
  5. ????????????? ????????????? ????? ???, ????? ????TCP/IP ?????????????? ????, ?? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ????..
  6. ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????TCP/IP ????????? (??? ???????) ????? ???????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? DNS ??? ????, ???? NetBIOS ???????? ??? ?? IP ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ping succeeds, ????? ????????? ?????? misconfigured ?? ???? restrictive ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???, ?????, ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???, ???? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ??? To restore a wider range of permissible filtering options, change the permitted values for the TCP port, the UDP port, and the IP protocol.

Method 9: Verify the connection to a specific server


To determine the cause of connectivity problems when you are trying to connect to a specific server through NetBIOS-based connections, use thenbtstat -ncommand on the server to determine what name the server registered on the network.

Thenbtstat -n outputcommand lists several names that the computer has registered. ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ??? ????, ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??nbtstat???? ????????? ???? ???

Nbtstat ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? Lmhosts ????? ??? #PRE ???????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??, ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???, ?? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? Lmhosts ??????? ?? WINS ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???

???? 10: ?????? ??????? ????? ????


????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? TCP/IP ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??, ?? ?????netstat - ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? TCP ?? UDP ????? ??????? ???????? ???

??????????, ?? ????? TCP ??????? ??? 0 ?????? ?????????:, ????????? ???queues. ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ??????? queues ?? ?????? ??, ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? queues ?? ?????? ??????? ??, ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????

???? 11: ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????


IP datagrams, ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??-????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????, ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? Windows XP-?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????, ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????:
?????? ??? ????
???? 12: ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? Tracert ????? ?? ?????


Tracert ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? IP TTL ????? ??? incrementally ???? ??? ?? ICMP ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? Tracert analyzes ICMP ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? Tracert, ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? 30 hops ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??, ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??, Tracert reveals ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????, ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??, ?? ???? ?? offsite ???

???? 13: ???????????? ?????


??? ??????????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??, ?? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ??:
???? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???
??????? ID ??? ???????? ????? IP ??? ?? ??????? IDs ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??, ?????? ???? ?? bitwise ???????, ??IP ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? bitwise ???????, ????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????

?????? ?? ???, 172.16.27.139 ?? ?? IP ??? ?? 255.255.0.0 ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? 172.16?y.z. ??????? ID ?? IP ??????? ?? ??? ?? 172.16.0.0?

???????? ??????

????? ?????? Microsoft TCP/IP ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ??:

Microsoft Windows XP Professional ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? "TCP / ???????? ???? IP" ???? ?? ??????

??? "????? TCP/IP ?? ???" ?????TCP/IP ??? ?????????? ?????????????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ??? TCP/IP ????????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????

??? "Unicast ?????? ??????" ?????Internetworking ?????????????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ??? ?????? principles ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????

??? "TCP/IP ?????? ??????" ?????TCP/IP ??? ?????????? ?????????????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ??? IP ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????



??????

???????? ??????? ?? ???, ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????::
308007Windows XP ??? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ????
325487??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ????
299357Windows XP ??? ??????? ????????? (TCP/IP) ?? ????? ???? ????
307874Windows XP ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????
810881??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? "????? ????????" ?????? ?????
214759?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??

???

???? ID: 314067 - ????? ???????: 07 ??? 2013 - ??????: 5.1
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
??????: 
kbhowto kbenv kbinfo kbnetwork kbtshoot kbmt KB314067 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:314067

??????????? ???

 

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