???? ???????: 314106 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)) 165214.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? MS-DOS ???????? ?? ????? ????? Windows.

??????? ????

?????? ?????? ?????? Ntvdm

????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? MS-DOS ?? ?????? ?????? ???? DOS ??????? (NTVDM) ????? ??????? Windows. ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? Command.com ??????? ?????? ?????? NTVDM ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??. ???? ????? ?????? ???????? Command.com? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ???? ? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ?? ?????? ??? ? ???? command.com? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? NTVDM? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ???? ??????? Config.nt ? Autoexec.nt ?? ?????? System32 ?? SystemRoot% ?????? ????????? ??? ????????.

    ?????? ????? REM ???? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????:
       Config.nt
       ---------
       dos=high, umb
       device=%SystemRoot%\System32\Himem.sys
       files=20
    
       Autoexec.nt
       -----------
    
       lh %SystemRoot%\System32\Mscdexnt.exe
       lh %SystemRoot%\System32\Redir
       lh %SystemRoot%\System32\Dosx
       lh %SystemRoot%\System32\Nw16 (only if CSNW is installed)
       lh %SystemRoot%\System32\Vwipxspx (only if CSNW is installed)
    						
    ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? Autoexec.nt_ ?Config.nt_ ?? ????? ??????? ?? Windows ?????? System32 ??????? ?? %SystemRoot%.
  • ???? ???????? CTRL+SHIFT+ESC ???? ????? "????? ??????"? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? NTVDM ???? ???? ???????.
  • ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???????. ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???????: ??????? Startup? ????? Run ?RunOnce ?? ???????. ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???:
    1. ????? ??????? Startup ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????. ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????:
      • %SystemRoot%\Profiles\user_name\????? ????\???????
      • %SystemRoot%\Profiles\???????? ?????????\????? ????\???????
    2. ???? ???? Run ?RunOnce ?? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\
  • ?? ???? ????? ?????? NTVDM ?? ?????? System32 ??????? ?? %SystemRoot%. ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????????:
       Ntio.sys
       Ntdos.sys
       Ntvdm.exe
       Ntvdm.dll (?? ???? ??????? Windows NT 3.1 ???)
       Redir.exe
    					
  • ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? NTVDM:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment
      ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? Config.sys ?Autoexec.bat ????????? ?? Windows.
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\ VirtualDeviceDrivers
      ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? NTVDM. ????? ????? Windows ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????.

?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????

?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP:
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? MS-DOS ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? (API) ?????? ?????? ??????.
  • ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????????. ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? MS-DOS I/O (IOCTL) ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? SETDPB.
  • ???? ????? Interrupt 10? 1A ?????? ?????? ??? (0)? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? (ROM).
  • ?? ??? ??? ????????? Interrupt 13 ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????.
  • ???? Interrupt 18 (ROM BASIC) ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ROM BASIC.
  • ?? ???? Interrupt 19 ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? DOS ??????? (VDM) ?????? ????? ???.
  • ?? ??? ??? Interrupt 2F? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? DOSKEY (AX = 4800).
  • ?? ??? ??? ????? Microsoft CD-ROM Extensions (MSCDEX) 2 ?3 ?4 ?5 ?8 ?E ?F.
  • ???? ?????? ?????? Windows 16 ?? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? x86 ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? 16 ?? (VxDs). ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? x86 ??????? ?????? ??????? Intel 40486? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? Microsoft Visual Basic? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? (RISC).
????? ??? ?? ????? ????? Windows ?? ???? ????? 16 ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???????. ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows NT ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows XP.

??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? Autoexec.nt ?Config.nt. ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? Config.sys ?? Autoexec.bat. ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????????:
  • ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? Config.nt ?Autoexec.nt ?? ?????? System32 ?? %SystemRoot%.
  • ????? ????? Config ?Autoexec ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????????. ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? .nt ?? ???? ??? ????? System32 ??????? ?? %SystemRoot% (?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????????).
    2. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    3. ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    4. ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????.
    5. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    6. ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???? ??? Windows ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Autoexec ?Config.
    7. ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????.
    ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? Autoexec ?Config ???????? ????????. ????? ??? ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? MS-DOS.
???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????????. ??? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????????. ??? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? Windows.

?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
171940 ???? ?????? ???????/??????? ?????? ???????? MS-DOS ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????
156687 ?????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? CONFIG.NT ?? AUTOEXEC.NT ?? ???? ????? ?? NTVDM
102418 ??? ?? NTVDM: ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????
142026 ???: ???? ????? ????? 'Hidden console of WOW VDM' ??? ????? ????? ??? 16 ?? ?? DOS
?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ?????? ?? ???? Microsoft ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ???????.

???????

???? ???????: 314106 - ????? ??? ??????: 07/???/1427 - ??????: 2.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional Edition
????? ??????: 
kbregistry kbenv kbinfo kbtshoot KB314106

????? ???????

 

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