Cach Loai bo Linux va Cai t Windows XP

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Bai vit nay giai thich cach loai bo h iu hanh Linux khoi may tinh cua ban va cai t Windows XP. Bai vit nay gia inh rng Linux a c cai t trn ia cng cua may tinh cua ban, rng phn hoach Linux gc va Linux trao i ang c s dung (tng thich vi Windows XP) va rng khng co dung lng trng trn ia cng.

LU Y: Windows XP va Linux co th cung tn tai trn cung mt may tinh. bit thm thng tin, hay tham khao tai liu Linux cua ban.

Thng tin thm

cai t Windows XP trn may tinh hin ang cai t Linux (va gia inh rng ban mun loai bo Linux), ban phai xoa thu cng cac phn hoach ma h iu hanh Linux s dung. Phn hoach tng thich vi Windows co th c tao t ng trong qua trinh cai t Windows XP.

QUAN TRONG: Trc khi ban thc hin cac bc trong bai vit nay, hay xac minh rng ban co ia co th khi ng hoc CD-ROM co th khi ng danh cho h iu hanh Linux vi cac bc nay hoan toan loai bo h iu hanh Linux trn may tinh cua ban. Nu ban inh khi phuc h iu hanh Linux vao mt ngay sau o, hay xac minh rng ban cung co ban sao lu hoat ng cua tt ca thng tin c lu tr trn may tinh cua ban. Ngoai ra, ban phai co phin ban phat hanh chinh thc cua Windows XP s dung trong qua trinh cai t nay. Nu ban inh s dung CD-ROM nng cp Windows XP, CD-ROM cua san phm Windows u iu kin phai co sn. Thit lp t CD-ROM nng cp Windows XP se nhc ban v CD-ROM nay.

H thng tp Linux s dung superblock u vach ngn ia xac inh kich thc, hinh dang va iu kin c ban cua h thng tp.

Noi chung, h iu hanh Linux c cai t trn loai phn hoach 83 (Linux gc) hoc 82 (Linux trao i). Trinh quan ly khi ng Linux (LILO) co th c t cu hinh khi ng t mt trong cac vi tri sau y:
  • Ban ghi Khi ng Chinh cua ia cng (MBR)

    -or-
  • Th muc gc cua phn hoach Linux
Cng cu Fdisk i kem Linux co th dung xoa phn hoach. (Co cac tin ich khac hoat ng cung hiu qua nh vy, chng han nh Fdisk t MS-DOS 5.0 va phin ban mi hn hoc ban co th xoa phn hoach trong qua trinh cai t).

loai bo Linux t may tinh cua ban va cai t Windows XP, hay thc hin cac bc sau:
  1. Loai bo cac phn hoach gc, trao i va khi ng ma Linux s dung:
    1. Khi ng may tinh cua ban bng ia mm Thit lp Linux, nhp fdisk tai du nhc lnh ri nhn ENTER.

      LU Y: c tr giup s dung cng cu Fdisk, nhp m tai du nhc lnh ri nhn ENTER.
    2. Nhp p tai du nhc lnh ri nhn ENTER hin thi thng tin phn hoach. Muc u tin c lit k la ia cng 1, thng tin phn hoach 1 va muc th hai c lit k la ia cng 1, thng tin phn hoach 2.
    3. Nhp d vao cui du nhc lnh ri nhn ENTER. Sau o, ban se c nhc nhp s phn hoach ma ban mun xoa. Nhp 1 ri nhn ENTER xoa phn hoach s 1. Lp lai bc nay cho n khi tt ca phn hoach a c xoa.
    4. Nhp w ri nhn ENTER ghi thng tin nay vao bang phn hoach. Mt s thng bao li co th c tao (vi thng tin c ghi vao bang phn hoach) nhng chung khng quan trong tai thi im nay vi bc tip theo la khi ng lai may tinh ri cai t h iu hanh mi.
    5. Nhp q tai du nhc lnh ri nhn ENTER thoat cng cu Fdisk.
    6. Lp ia mm co th khi ng hoc CD-ROM Windows XP co th khi ng ri nhn CTRL+ALT+DELETE khi ng lai may tinh cua ban.
  2. Lam theo hng dn trn man hinh cai t Windows XP.

    Qua trinh cai t tr giup ban tao cac phn hoach phu hp trn may tinh cua minh.

Bang Phn hoach Linux Mu

SCSI n

   Thit bi Khi ng Bt u Kt thuc Chn ID H thng
   /dev/sda1 * 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (SCSI ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 1)
   /dev/sda2 501 522 176715 82 Linux trao ?i (SCSI ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 2)
				

Multiple SCSI Drives

   Thit bi Khi ng Bt u Kt thuc Chn ID H thng
   /dev/sda1 * 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (SCSI ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 1)
   /dev/sda2 501 522 176715 82 Linux trao ?i (SCSI ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 2)
   /dev/sdb1 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (SCSI ? c?ng 2, phn hoach 1)
				

IDE n

   Thit bi Khi ng Bt u Kt thuc Chn ID H thng
   /dev/hda1 * 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (IDE ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 1)
   /dev/hda2 501 522 176715 82 Linux trao ?i (IDE ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 2)
				

Nhiu IDE

   Thit bi Khi ng Bt u Kt thuc Chn ID H thng
   /dev/hda1 * 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (IDE ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 1)
   /dev/hda2 501 522 176715 82 Linux trao ?i (IDE ? c?ng 1, phn hoach 2)
   /dev/hdb1 1 500 4016218 83 Linux g?c (IDE ? c?ng 2, phn hoach 1)
				
Ngoi ra, Linux nh?n d?ng ?c hn 40 lo?i phn ho?ch khc nhau, bao g?m:
  • FAT 12 (Lo?i 01)
  • FAT 16 > 32 M Chnh (Lo?i 06)
  • FAT 16 M? r?ng (Lo?i 05)
  • FAT 32 khng c LBA Chnh (Lo?i 0b)
  • FAT 32 c LBA Chnh (Lo?i 0c)
  • FAT 16 c LBA (Lo?i 0e)
  • FAT 16 c LBA M? r?ng (Lo?i 0f)
Xin lu ? r?ng c cc cch khc ? lo?i b? h? i?u hnh Linux v ci ?t Windows XP. Phng th?c tr?c ?c bao g?m trong bi vi?t ny do gi? ?nh r?ng h? i?u hnh Linux ? v ang ho?t ?ng v khng c?n dung l?ng trn ?a c?ng. C cc phng php ? thay ?i kch th?c phn ho?ch b?ng ph?n m?m ?c thi?t k? ? qu?n l? phn ho?ch. Ph?n m?m phn ho?ch ?a c th? gy m?t ?n ?nh khi ci ?t Windows XP. Microsoft khng h? tr? ci ?t Windows XP trn cc phn ho?ch ?c i?u khi?n theo cch ny.

B?n c?ng c th? s? d?ng ?a kh?i ?ng MS-DOS phin b?n 5.0 ho?c phin b?n m?i hn, ?a Kh?i ?ng Windows 95 c?a Microsoft ch?a ti?n ch Fdisk ? lo?i b? m?t h? i?u hnh kh?i ?a c?ng v ci ?t h? i?u hnh khc. Khi b?n kh?i ?ng Fdisk v nhi?u ? ?c ci ?t trn my tnh c?a b?n th? b?n s? ?c cung c?p nm l?a ch?n; h?y s? d?ng ty ch?n 5 ? ch?n ?a c?ng c phn ho?ch s? ?c xa. Sau (ho?c n?u b?n ch? c m?t ?a c?ng), h?y ch?n ty ch?n 3 (Xa phn ho?ch ho?c ? DOS lgic) r?i ch?n ty ch?n 4 (Xa phn ho?ch khng ph?i DOS). Khi , b?n s? nh?n th?y cc phn ho?ch khng ph?i MS DOS m b?n mu?n xa. Thng th?ng, h? i?u hnh Linux c hai phn ho?ch khng ph?i MS DOS nhng c th? c nhi?u hn. Sau khi b?n xa m?t phn ho?ch, h?y s? d?ng cc b?c tng t? ? xa m?i phn ho?ch ph h?p khng ph?i MS DOS.

? bi?t thm thng tin v? cch s? d?ng ti?n ch Fdisk, h?y b?m vo s? bi vi?t ? bn d?i ? xem bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c Microsoft:
255867 Cch S? d?ng Cng c? Fdisk v Cng c? ?nh d?ng ? Phn ho?ch ho?c Ti phn ho?ch ?a C?ng
Sau khi xa cc phn ho?ch, b?n c th? t?o cc phn ho?ch v ci ?t h? i?u hnh m b?n mu?n. B?n ch? c th? t?o m?t phn ho?ch chnh v m?t phn ho?ch m? r?ng c nhi?u ? lgic b?ng cch s? d?ng Fdisk t? MS DOS phin b?n 5.0 v m?i hn, Windows 95 v Windows 98. Kch th?c phn ho?ch chnh FAT16 t?i a l 2 gigabyte (GB). Kch th?c ? lgic FAT16 l?n nh?t l 2 GB.

? bi?t thm thng tin, h?y b?m vo s? bi vi?t ? bn d?i ? xem bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c Microsoft:
105074 H?i p v? Phn ho?ch MS DOS 6.2 (Trang nay co th co bng ting Anh)
Khi b?n ci ?t Windows XP, cc phn ho?ch Linux c th? b? xa v cc phn ho?ch m?i ?c t?o v ?nh d?ng b?ng lo?i h? th?ng t?p ph h?p trong qu tr?nh ci ?t. Windows XP cho php b?n t?o nhi?u phn ho?ch chnh. Windows XP c nh?n d?ng ?c h? th?ng t?p FAT32. Trong qu tr?nh ci ?t Windows XP, b?n c th? t?o ? FAT32 r?t l?n. ? FAT32 c th? ?c chuy?n ?i thnh NTFS sau khi qu tr?nh ci ?t hon t?t n?u ph h?p.

? bi?t thm thng tin v? cch a kh?i ?ng b?ng Windows XP, h?y b?m vo s? bi vi?t ? bn d?i ? xem bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c Microsoft:
306559 CCH TH?C: T?o H? th?ng a Kh?i ?ng b?ng Windows XP

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 314458 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 30 Thang T 2013 - Xem xt l?i: 4.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
T? kha:
kbhowto kbinfo kbsetup KB314458

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