????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 314861 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
?????? ??? ????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ??? ???????? ???? 247811.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? Windows XP Professional ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? Windows.

????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? DNS ? ??? ??? ??? ???? (NetBIOS) "? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????. ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? DNS ?? ????? ?????.

????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????.

??????? ????

??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????:
  • ??? ?????? (????????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????) ? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ???? (RPC) ??? ???? ??????. ???? ?????? ??????? Locator DsGetDcName API.
  • ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? DsGetDcName.
  • ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????:
    • ?????? ??? ??? DNS? ????? ??????? Netlogon ????????? DNS ???????? ???? ?????? ?? IP/DNS--????????? DsGetDcName ??? DnsQuery ?????? ????? ???? ?????? (SRV) ? "?" ????? ?? DNS ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? SRV.

      ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? Windows DNS ?????? SRV ?? ??? ??????? ??????:
      _service._protocol.DnsDomainName
      ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP) ??? ???????? TCP. ????? ?????? ????? ???? LDAP ?????? ????????? ?? DNS ??? ???????:
      _ldap._tcp.DnsDomainName
    • ??? NetBIOS Netlogon ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? 4.0 Microsoft Windows NT--??? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? Windows (WINS).

      ?? Windows NT 4.0 ?????????? ??????? ??? "??????" ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ?????.
  • ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ?????. ?? ??? ????? ???? NetBIOS, ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? mailslot. ??? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? (UDP) LDAP ????? ???? DNS.

    UDP ?? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? TCP/IP. TCP ???????? ???? ??????? ???. ???? ?? UDP ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???. ????? UDP ??? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? (?????) ??? ????????? ??????.
  • ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????????? ??? DsGetDcName.
  • ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????????. ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? "Active Directory".
??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????, ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????. ???? ?????? ??????? ??? DNS ??? DNS ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ?? DNS ??? ???????:
_LDAP._TCP.dc._msdcs.domainname
??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????, ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP) ?????? ??? "Active Directory". ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? IP ??????? ?? ??????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? (?????? ??????) ? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????.

??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? (??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? DNS ??? DNS ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????. ????? ?????? ?????? ??? DNS ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????. ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ? ??????? ???????.

??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????, ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? 15 ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??.

??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??????, ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??, ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows ????? ???? ????. ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????.

?????? ????? ????? LDAP ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??????. ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (SAM). ????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? LDAP ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? SAM ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ? ? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? "??????? ???????" ????? (ESE).

??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????

??????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????:
  1. ???? ?? "???? ???????" ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???. ??? ?? ?? ?????? ???????, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????. ???? ????? ?? ????? "???? ??????" ??? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? DNS ??? ???? DNS.

    ???? "???? ???????" ?? Windows XP? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????, ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????.
  2. ???? ?? ????? IP ?? ???? ????? ipconfig/???? ??????? ?? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ???????.
  3. ??????? ?????? ???????? Ping ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????. ?? ??????? ????? ????? IP ???? ????.
  4. ???? ?????? "??????? ??????" ?? "????????? ??????" ??? "??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???????" ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????. ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????.
  5. ??????? nltest /dsgetdc: domainname ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????. ??? ????? ?????? NLTest ?? ????? ??? Windows XP.

    ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
    306794????? ????? ????? ????? ?? Windows XP ???????
  6. ?????? ?????? NSLookup ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? DNS ???? ???? ?? DNS. ???? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? SRV GUID ???? ?????.

    ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????:
    nslookup server_name. child_of_root_domain. com root_domain

    nslookup guid._msdcs. root_domain .com
  7. ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? DNS:
    • ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ipconfig /registerdns.
    • ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??????.
  8. ?????? ?? ??????? LDAP ???????? ?????? ???? Ldp.exe ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????. Ldp.exe ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? Windows XP.

    ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
    306794????? ????? ????? ????? ?? Windows XP ???????
  9. ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? Netlogon ????? ???????. ??????? ?????? ???????? NLTest ?????? nltest /dbflag:0x2000ffff ?? ???? ???????. ??? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? Debug ?? ??? Netlogon.log.
  10. ??? ????? ?? ???? ???????, ?????? "?????? ???? ???????" ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????.
?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit ? 10 ????? "????? ???? Active Directory ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????."

???????

???? ???????: 314861 - ????? ??? ??????: 27/????? ??????/1423 - ??????: 1.2
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbdns kbenv kbinfo kbnetwork KB314861 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????314861

????? ???????

 

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