????? ??????? ADO.NET ???????? ??????? ?? ???? Excel ???????? ???????? Visual Basic .NET?

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 316934 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ADO.NET ???????? ?????? ?? ???? Microsoft Excel ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????. ?????? ??? ?????? Excel ???????? ADO.NET? ????? ??????? ???? Jet OLE DB? ????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? Jet OLE DB ????? ???? ?????? Excel ?? ???? ???????? ?????.

????? ??????? ???? Jet OLE DB ?? ?????? Microsoft Excel

???? ?????? ????? ?????? Microsoft Jet ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? Excel? ?? ???? ????? ????? "????? ?????? ???????? ???????" (ISAM) ?????? ???????. ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? Microsoft Jet 4.0 OLE DB? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????. ???? ???? Jet OLE DB ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? Microsoft Excel:
Excel 3.0
Excel 4.0
Excel 5.0
Excel 8.0
??????: ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? Excel 5.0 ??????? Microsoft Excel 5.0 ?7.0 (95) ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? Excel 8.0 ??????? Microsoft Excel 8.0 ?(97) ?9.0 (2000) ?10.0 (2002). ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? Excel ?????? Excel 2000 ?Excel 2002.

????? ???????

?????? ??? ???? Excel ???????? ???? Jet OLE DB? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????:
Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=C:\Book1.xls;Extended Properties="Excel 8.0;HDR=YES;"?
?? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? Data Source. ?? ????? ??????? Extended Properties ??? ???????: ????? ?????? ISAM ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? (???????) ????? ??? ???? ?? ??.

?? ?????? Excel? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? (?? ????? ??????) ?????????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? HDR=NO ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??. ??? ???? ????? HDR=NO ?? ????? ???????? ???? ???? Jet OLE DB ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? (???? F1 ????? ?????? ????? F2 ????? ?????? ?????).

????? ????????

??? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? Excel. ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? OLE DB ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? (1) ???? ??? (16) ??????? MAXSCANROWS ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??.

???????? ????? ???????

???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? (?? ????) ?? ???? Excel:
  • ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? (??? ???? ??????? [Sheet1$] ?? [My Worksheet$]). ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????.
    Select * from [Sheet1$]?
  • ??????? ???? ???? ???? (??? ???? ??????? [MyNamedRange]):
    Select * from [MyNamedRange]?
  • ??????? ???? ?????? ???? (??? ???? ??????? [Sheet1$A1:B10]):
    Select * from [Sheet1$A1:B10]?
??????: ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???????.

????? ??????? ?????? Excel ?????? ?????? ADO.NET

??????? ???????

????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ADO.NET: ???????? Dataset ?? DataReader.

Dataset ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ????????. ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? Dataset ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????. ????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? Dataset ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????.

?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? DataReader ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??????. ??? ??????? ?????? DataReader? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????. ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? DataReader ???????? ???? ?? Dataset.

????? ????? ????????

???????? ADO.NET? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????:
  • ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???????. ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? OLEDbCommand ??? ??????? ?????? ????? CommandText ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???????.

    INSERT INTO [Sheet1$] (F1, F2) values ('111', 'ABC')?
    ?? ??? ?????? ???????

    UPDATE [Sheet1$] SET F2 = 'XYZ' WHERE F1 = '111'?
    ?? ??????? ??????? ExecuteNonQuery.
  • ????? ??????? ??? ????? DataSet ???? ??? ?????? ?????/??????? ?? ???? Excel ?? ??????? ??????? Update ????? ?? DataAdapter ?????? ????????? ?? DataSet ??? ?????? ??? ????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? Update ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? InsertCommand ????? ?? DataAdapter.
    INSERT INTO [Sheet1$] (F1, F2) values (?, ?)?
    ?UpdateCommand:
    UPDATE [Sheet1$] SET F2 = ? WHERE F1 = ??
    ??????? INSERT ?UPDATE ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? OleDbDataAdapter ?????? ??????? ?????/???? ??????? Excel? ????? ???? ?????/????? ?? ????? CommandBuilder ?? ????? ??????? ????????.
  • ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? Excel ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ???? Jet OLE DB. ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ?? ???? Jet OLE DB ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? Microsoft Access ??????? ?????? Excel ??????. ???????? ??? INSERT INTO ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????/??????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??:
    INSERT INTO [Sheet1$] IN 'C:\Book1.xls' 'Excel 8.0;' SELECT * FROM MyTable"?
    ????? ????? INSERT INTO ???? ?????? (?? ???? ?????) ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????.

    ????? ?????? ??????? ????? SELECT..INTO ?????? ??????/????????? ????? ?? ??? ????:
    SELECT * INTO [Excel 8.0;Database=C:\Book1.xls].[Sheet1] FROM [MyTable]?
    ??? ??????? SELECT..INTO? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? SELECT..INTO? ????? ???.
???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????.

??? ?????

??? ????? ?? ?? ???? Jet OLE DB ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? Excel? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? DELETE (???). ??? ????? ????? ????? DELETE ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???????:
????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ISAM ???.
??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? Excel ?????? ??????.

????? ????? ??????? ?????

?????? ???? ?? ???? Excel? ?? ?????? ????? CREATE TABLE:
CREATE TABLE Sheet1 (F1 char(255), F2 char(255))?
??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????. ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????.

???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? CREATE TABLE ?????? ???? ????? ??????.

???? ?????

????? ??????? ??????

  1. ?? ???? ????? ????? Windows Application (??????? Windows) ???? ?? Visual Basic .NET.

    ??? ????? Form1 ?????????.
  2. ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? RadioButton ????? ???? Button ?? Form1.
  3. ??? ?? ????? ???? RadioButton ??? ?????? ??????? Size (?????) ??? 200,24.
  4. ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??????.
  5. ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????????:
    Imports System.Data.OleDb
  6. ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? Form:
    Private m_sConn1 As String = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" & _?
                   ?"Data Source=C:\ExcelData1.xls;" & _?
                   ?"Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=YES"""?
    
    Private m_sConn2 As String = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" & _?
                   ?"Data Source=C:\ExcelData2.xls;" & _?
                   ?"Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=YES"""?
    
    Private m_sNorthwind = _?
          "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office10\Samples\Northwind.mdb"
    
    Private m_sAction As String
    
    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
          RadioButton1.Text = "Create_Workbook"?
          RadioButton2.Text = "Retrieve_Records"?
          RadioButton3.Text = "Add_Records"?
          RadioButton4.Text = "Update_Records"?
          RadioButton5.Text = "Update_Individual_Cells"?
          RadioButton6.Text = "Use_External_Source"?
          Button1.Text = "Go!"?
    End Sub
    
    Private Sub RadioButtons_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _?
          Handles RadioButton1.Click, RadioButton2.Click, RadioButton3.Click, _?
          RadioButton4.Click, RadioButton5.Click, RadioButton6.Click
          m_sAction = sender.Text'Store the text for the selected radio button
    End Sub
    
    Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
          Try
             ?' Call the associated routine to add/update/modify the workbook.?
             Select Case m_sAction
                Case "Create_Workbook" : Create_Workbook()?
                Case "Retrieve_Records" : Retrieve_Records()?
                Case "Add_Records" : Add_Records()?
                Case "Update_Records" : Update_Records()?
                Case "Update_Individual_Cells" : Update_Individual_Cells()?
                Case "Use_External_Source" : Use_External_Source()?
             End Select
    
          Catch ex As OleDbException
             Dim er As OleDbError
             For Each er In ex.Errors
                MsgBox(er.Message)?
             Next
          Catch ex2 As System.InvalidOperationException
             MsgBox(ex2.Message)?
          End Try
    
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Create_Workbook()?
    
          ?' If the workbooks already exist, prompt to delete.?
          Dim answer As MsgBoxResult
          If Dir("C:\ExcelData1.xls") <> "" Or Dir("C:\ExcelData2.xls") <> "" Then
              answer = MsgBox("Delete existing workbooks (C:\ExcelData1.xls and " & _?
                       "C:\ExcelData2.xls)?", MsgBoxStyle.YesNo)?
              If answer = MsgBoxResult.Yes Then
                  If Dir("C:\ExcelData1.xls") <> "" Then Kill("C:\ExcelData1.xls")?
                  If Dir("C:\ExcelData2.xls") <> "" Then Kill("C:\ExcelData2.xls")?
              Else
                  Exit Sub
              End If
          End If
    
    '==========================================================================
          ?' Create a workbook with a table named EmployeeData. The table has 3
          ?' fields: ID (char 255), Name (char 255) and Birthdate (date).?  
    '==========================================================================
          Dim conn As New OleDbConnection()?
          conn.ConnectionString = m_sConn1
          conn.Open()?
          Dim cmd1 As New OleDbCommand()?
          cmd1.Connection = conn
          cmd1.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE EmployeeData (Id char(255), Name char(255), BirthDate date)"?
          cmd1.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          cmd1.CommandText = "INSERT INTO EmployeeData (Id, Name, BirthDate) values ('AAA', 'Andrew', '12/4/1955')"?
          cmd1.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          conn.Close()?
    
    ?'==========================================================================
          ?' Create a workbook with a table named InventoryData. The table has 3 
          ?' fields: Product (char 255), Qty (float) and Price (currency).? 
    ?'==========================================================================
    
          conn.ConnectionString = m_sConn2
          conn.Open()?
          Dim cmd2 As New OleDbCommand()?
          cmd2.Connection = conn
          cmd2.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE InventoryData (Product char(255), Qty float, Price currency)"?
          cmd2.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          cmd2.CommandText = "INSERT INTO InventoryData (Product, Qty, Price) values ('Cola', 200, 1.35)"?
          cmd2.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          cmd2.CommandText = "INSERT INTO InventoryData (Product, Qty, Price) values ('Chips', 550, 0.89)"?
          cmd2.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          conn.Close()?
    
          ?' NOTE: You can ALTER and DROP tables in a similar fashion.?
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Retrieve_Records()?
    
          ?'==========================================================
          ?'Use a DataReader to read data from the EmployeeData table.?
          ?'==========================================================
    
          Dim conn1 As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sConn1)?
          conn1.Open()?
          Dim cmd1 As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbCommand("Select * From [EmployeeData$]", conn1)?
          Dim rdr As OleDbDataReader = cmd1.ExecuteReader
    
          Debug.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "EmployeeData:" & vbCrLf & "=============")?
          Do While rdr.Read()
             Debug.WriteLine(System.String.Format("{0,-10}{1, -15}{2}", _?
                rdr.GetString(0), rdr.GetString(1), _?
                rdr.GetDateTime(2).ToString("d")))?
          Loop
          rdr.Close()?
          conn1.Close()?
    
          ?'========================================================
          ?'Use a DataSet to read data from the InventoryData table.?
          ?'========================================================
          Dim conn2 As New OleDbConnection(m_sConn2)?
          Dim da As New OleDbDataAdapter("Select * From [InventoryData$]", conn2)?
          Dim ds As DataSet = New DataSet()?
          da.Fill(ds)?
          Debug.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "InventoryData:" & vbCrLf & "==============")?
          Dim dr As DataRow
          For Each dr In ds.Tables(0).Rows'Show results in output window
             Debug.WriteLine(System.String.Format("{0,-15}{1, -6}{2}", _?
                dr("Product"), dr("Qty"), dr("Price")))
          Next
          conn2.Close()?
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Add_Records()?
    
    '==========================================================================
          ?' Run an INSERT INTO command to add new records to the workbook.? 
    '==========================================================================
          Dim conn1 As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sConn1)?
          conn1.Open()?
          Dim cmd As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbCommand()?
          cmd.Connection = conn1
          cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO [EmployeeData$] (ID, Name, BirthDate)? values ('CCC', 'Charlie', '10/14/48')"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO [EmployeeData$] (ID, Name, BirthDate)? values ('DDD', 'Deloris', '7/19/98')"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          conn1.Close()?
    
          '====================================================================
          ?'Use the InsertCommand object to add new records to the InventoryData
          ?'table.?
          '====================================================================
          Dim conn2 As New OleDbConnection(m_sConn2)??
          Dim da As New OleDbDataAdapter("Select * From [InventoryData$]", conn2)?
          Dim ds As DataSet = New DataSet()?
          da.Fill(ds, "MyExcelTable")?
    
          ?' Generate the InsertCommand and add the parameters for the command.?
          da.InsertCommand = New OleDbCommand( _?
             ?"INSERT INTO [InventoryData$] (Product, Qty, Price) VALUES (?, ?, ?)", conn2)?
          da.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@Product", OleDbType.VarChar, 255, "Product")?
          da.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@Qty", OleDbType.Double).SourceColumn = "Qty"?
          da.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@Price", OleDbType.Currency).SourceColumn = "Price"?
    
          ?' Add two new records to the dataset.?
          Dim dr As DataRow
          dr = ds.Tables(0).NewRow
          dr("Product") = "Bread" : dr("Qty") = 390 : dr("Price") = 1.89 :? ds.Tables(0).Rows.Add(dr)?
          dr = ds.Tables(0).NewRow
          dr("Product") = "Milk" : dr("Qty") = 99 : dr("Price") = 2.59 :? ds.Tables(0).Rows.Add(dr)
    
          ?' Apply the dataset changes to the actual data source (the workbook).?
          da.Update(ds, "MyExcelTable")?
          conn2.Close()?
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Update_Records()?
    
    '==========================================================================
          ?' Run an UPDATE command to change a record in the EmployeeData
          ?'table.?
    '==========================================================================
          Dim conn1 As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sConn1)?
          conn1.Open()?
          Dim cmd As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbCommand()?
          cmd.Connection = conn1
          cmd.CommandText = "UPDATE [EmployeeData$] " & _?
                        ?"SET NAME = 'Aaron', BirthDate = '5/4/1975' WHERE ID = 'AAA'"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          conn1.Close()?
    
          '====================================================================
          ?' Use the UpdateCommand object to modify records in the InventoryData
          ?'table.?
          '====================================================================
          Dim conn2 As New OleDbConnection(m_sConn2)?
          Dim da As New OleDbDataAdapter("Select * From [InventoryData$]", conn2)?
          Dim ds As DataSet = New DataSet()?
          da.Fill(ds, "MyInventoryTable")?
    
          ?' Generate the UpdateCommand and add the parameters for the command.?
          da.UpdateCommand = New OleDbCommand( _?
             ?"UPDATE [InventoryData$] SET Qty = ?, Price=? WHERE Product = ?", conn2)?
          da.UpdateCommand.Parameters.Add("@Qty", OleDbType.Numeric).SourceColumn =? "Qty"?
          da.UpdateCommand.Parameters.Add("@Price", OleDbType.Currency).SourceColumn = "Price"?
          da.UpdateCommand.Parameters.Add("@Product", OleDbType.VarChar, 255, "Product")?
    
          ?' Update the first two records.?
          ds.Tables(0).Rows(0)("Qty") = 1000
          ds.Tables(0).Rows(0)("Price") = 10.1
          ds.Tables(0).Rows(1)("Qty") = 2000
          ds.Tables(0).Rows(1)("Price") = 20.2
    
          ?' Apply the dataset changes to the actual data source (the workbook).?
          da.Update(ds, "MyInventoryTable")?
          conn2.Close()?
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Update_Individual_Cells()?
    
    '==========================================================================
          ?' Update individual cells on the EmployeeData worksheet;? 
          ?' specifically, cells F3, G3, and I4 are modified.?
    '==========================================================================
    
          ?' NOTE: The connection string indicates that the table does *NOT* 
          ?' have a header row.?
          Dim conn As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sConn1.Replace("HDR=YES", "HDR=NO"))
          conn.Open()?
          Dim cmd As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbCommand()?
          cmd.Connection = conn
          cmd.CommandText = "UPDATE [EmployeeData$F3:G3] SET F1 = 'Cell F3', F2 = 'Cell G3'"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          cmd.CommandText = "UPDATE [EmployeeData$I4:I4] SET F1 = ?'Cell I4'"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
          conn.Close()?
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub Use_External_Source()?
    
          ?' Open a connection to the sample Northwind Access database.?
          Dim conn As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnection( _?
                ?"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" & m_sNorthwind & ";")?
          conn.Open()?
          Dim cmd As New System.Data.OleDb.OleDbCommand()?
          cmd.Connection = conn
    
    '=======================================================================
          ?' Run an INSERT..INTO command on the Northwind database to append 
          ?' the records from a table/query to an existing table in the Excel 
          ?' workbook.?
    '=======================================================================
          cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO [EmployeeData$] IN 'C:\ExcelData1.xls' 'Excel 8.0;'" & _
             "SELECT EmployeeID AS ID, FirstName AS Name, BirthDate FROM Employees"
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()
    
    '==========================================================================
          ?' Run a SELECT..INTO command on the Northwind database to insert 
          ?' all the records from a table/query into a new sheet in the Excel 
          ?' workbook.?
    '==========================================================================
          cmd.CommandText = "SELECT * INTO [Excel 8.0;Database=C:\ExcelData2.xls].[ProductSales]" & _
                          ?"FROM [Product Sales for 1997]"?
          cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()?
    
          conn.Close()?
    
    End Sub
  7. ?? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? Access? Northwind ???? m_sNorthwind ?? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????.

?????

  1. ?? ??????? View (???)? ??? ??? Other Windows (?????? ????)? ?? ???? ??? Output (?????) ???? ?????? Output (?????).
  2. ???? F5 ?????? ???????? ???????.
  3. ???? ??? Create_Workbook? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ???? ??????? Create_Workbook ?????? ????? CREATE TABLE ?????? ?????? ??????: C:\ExcelData1.xls ?C:\ExcelData2.xls. ????? ?????? ExcelData1.xls ??? ???? ????? (????) ???? EmployeeData? ?????? ?????? ExcelData2.xls ??? ???? ????? (????) ???? InventoryData. ???? ??? ??????? ????????.

    ??????: ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? Excel ???? ???????. ??? ???? ??? Retrieve_Records ???? ??????? ?????? (???????) ???????? ?? ?????? Output (?????) ????? ?? Visual Studio .NET.
  4. ???? ??? Retrieve_Records? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ???? ??????? Retrieve_Records ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? Output (?????)? ????? ?????? ??? ???:
    EmployeeData:
    =============
    AAA       Andrew         12/4/1955
    
    InventoryData:
    ==============
    Cola           200   1.35
    Chips          550   0.89
  5. ???? ??? Add_Records? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ???? ??????? Add_Records ?????? ????? ??? ????:
    EmployeeData:
    =============
    AAA       Andrew         12/4/1955
    CCC       Charlie        10/14/1948
    DDD       Deloris        7/19/1998
    
    InventoryData:
    ==============
    Cola           200   1.35
    Chips          550   0.89
    Bread          390   1.89
    Milk           99    2.59
  6. ???? ??? Update_Records? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ???? ??????? Update_Records ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????:
    EmployeeData:
    =============
    AAA       Aaron          5/4/1975
    CCC       Charlie        10/14/1948
    DDD       Deloris        7/19/1998
    
    InventoryData:
    ==============
    Cola           1000  10.1
    Chips          2000  20.2
    Bread          390   1.89
    Milk           99    2.59
  7. ???? ??? Update_Individual_Cells? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ???? ??????? Update_Individual_Cells ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? EmployeeData ?? ExcelData1.xls? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? F3 ?G3 ?I4.
  8. ???? ??? Use_External_Source? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????). ??? ??????? ????? INSERT..INTO? ???? ??????? Use_External_Source ?????? ??????? ?? ???? Northwind ???? 'Employees' ??? ???? ????? EmployeeData ?? ExcelData1.xls. ??????? Use_External_Source ????? SELECT..INTO ?????? ???? ???? (?? ????) ?? ExcelData2.xls ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? Northwind ???? 'Products'.

    ??????: ?? ???? ????? ??? Use_External_Source ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Employees ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????.

????? ???????

?? ???? ??????? ADO.NET ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????. ??? ????? ??? (?? ??) ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???????. ???? ????? ??? (?? ??) ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????.

????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????:
  1. ???? F5 ?????? ??????? ???????.
  2. ?? Form1? ???? ??? Create_Workbook? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????).
  3. ?? ???? ????? ?????? Microsoft Excel ???? C:\ExcelData1.xls.
  4. ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? A2.
  5. ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? B2 ??? ????????? ??? ?????.
  6. ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? C2.
  7. ?? ???? C:\ExcelData1.xls ???????.
  8. ?? Form1? ???? ??? Add_Records? ?? ???? ??? Go (??????).
  9. ?? ???? C:\ExcelData1.xls ?? ?????? Excel ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????.

??????

???? ??? ??? ???? ???? Jet OLE DB ???? ????? ?????? ?????? Excel:
  • ?? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ADO.NET.
  • ?? ????? ???? Jet OLE DB ?? ????? ??????? ????/????? ??????? ?? ???? Excel. ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? CommandBuilder ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? Excel.

?????

?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
316756 ???????: ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ADO.NET OLEDbDataAdapter ?????? ???? Excel
257819 ????? ??????? ADO ?? ?????? Excel ?? Visual Basic ?? VBA
306022 ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? Excel ???????? Visual Basic .NET
306023 ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? Excel ???????? Visual C# 2005 ?? Visual C# .NET
311731 ????? ????????? ?? ?????? Excel ?????? ???????? ASP.NET ?ADO.NET ?Visual Basic .NET
306572 ????? ????????? ?? ?????? Excel ?????? ???????? ASP.NET ?ADO.NET ?Visual C# .NET
278973 ??? ExcelADO ?????? ??????? ADO ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? Excel

???????

???? ???????: 316934 - ????? ??? ??????: 19/?? ?????/1428 - ??????: 7.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft ADO.NET (included with the .NET Framework)
  • Microsoft Office Excel 2003
  • Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic .NET 2002 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbhowtomaster KB316934

????? ???????

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com