HOW TO: Update Server Data Through a Web Service by Using ADO.NET and Visual J# .NET

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Article ID: 320634 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This step-by-step article demonstrates how to use an Web service to receive and to update data from a database by using a DataSet object. This article also demonstrates how to reference the Web service in a client application and how to display the returned DataSet in a DataGrid control so that you can update that data and send the updates back to the server.

NOTE: You can only use the method in this article for single-table updates.

Requirements

The following list outlines the recommended hardware, software, network infrastructure, and service packs that are required:
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Advanced Server, or Windows NT 4.0 Server
  • Microsoft Visual Studio .NET
  • Microsoft Visual J# .NET
This article assumes that you are familiar with the following topics:
  • Visual Studio .NET
  • ADO.NET fundamentals and syntax
  • ASP.NET fundamentals and syntax
The code samples in this article use http://localhost as the Web server. Additionally, the code samples use the Northwind database. The Northwind database is included with Microsoft SQL Server.

Create the Web Service

  1. Start Visual Studio .NET.
  2. Follow these steps to create a new Visual J# ASP.NET Web Service project:
    1. On the File menu, point to New, and then click Project.
    2. In the New Project dialog box, click Visual J# Projects under Project Types, and then click ASP.NET Web Service under Templates.
    3. In the Location box, type the URL for your server and the project name, jsUpdateData (for example, http://localhost/jsUpdateData). The http://localhost portion of the URL runs the Web service on your local Web server. Click OK.
  3. On the Service1.asmx.jsl[Design] tab, right-click the page, and then click View Code to switch to Code view. The Code window for the Web service appears.
  4. At the top of the Code window, after the package statement, add the following import statement:
    //Use data access objects from the SqlClient namespace.
    import System.Data.SqlClient.*;
    					
  5. After the following code
            public Service1()
            {
                //CODEGEN: This call is required by the ASP.NET Web Services Designer
               InitializeComponent();
            }
    						
    add the following code:
             /** @attribute WebMethod() */ 
    	public DataSet GetCustomers()
    	{
    		SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("server=servername;uid=login;pwd=password;database=northwind");
      		SqlDataAdapter daCust = new SqlDataAdapter("Select * From Customers", con);
    		DataSet ds = new DataSet();
    		daCust.Fill(ds, "Cust");
    		return ds;
    	}
    
    	/** @attribute WebMethod() */ 
    	public DataSet UpdateCustomers(DataSet ds)
    	{
    		SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("server=servername;uid=login;pwd=password;database=northwind");
    		SqlDataAdapter daCust = new SqlDataAdapter("Select * From Customers", con);
    		SqlCommandBuilder cbCust = new SqlCommandBuilder(daCust);
    		daCust.Update(ds, "Cust");
    		return ds;
    	} 
    					
  6. Modify the SqlConnection string to properly connect to the computer that is running SQL Server.

Test the Web Service

  1. Press F5 to compile and to run the Web service. A Web page is displayed in which you can interact with the Web service from within Microsoft Internet Explorer.

    Note that the URL of the returned page is http://localhost/jsUpdateData/Service1.asmx.
  2. On the Service1 Web page, click GetCustomers. A Web page is displayed that includes details about the GetCustomers Web method.
  3. Close the Web pages.

Create the Client Application

  1. In Visual Studio .NET, create a new Visual J# Windows Application project. By default, Form1 is added to the project.
  2. Add two Button controls and one DataGrid control to Form1. By default, Button1, Button2, and DataGrid1 are added to the project.
  3. Change the Text property of Button1 to Load, and then change the Text property of Button2 to Save.
  4. On the Project menu, click Add Web Reference. Type the URL for your Web service (for example, type http://localhost/jsUpdateData/Service1.asmx), press ENTER, and then click Add Reference. The entry for the newly added Web reference appears in Solution Explorer.
  5. In the Visual J# project, double-click Load to open the Code window for Load. Add the following code to the Load_Click event procedure:
                   localhost.Service1 MyService = new localhost.Service1();
                   dataGrid1.set_DataSource(MyService.GetCustomers());
                   dataGrid1.set_DataMember("Cust");
    					
  6. Switch to Form view.
  7. Double-click Save to open the Code window for Save. Add the following code into the Save_Click event procedure:
                   localhost.Service1 MyService = new localhost.Service1();
                   DataSet ds = (DataSet) dataGrid1.get_DataSource();
                   DataSet dsChanges = ds.GetChanges();
                   if (dsChanges != null)
    	       {
    		   ds.Merge(MyService.UpdateCustomers(dsChanges), true);
    	       } 
    					

Test the Client Application

  1. Press F5 to compile and to run the client application.
  2. Notice that initially DataGrid1 is empty. Click Load. Note that DataGrid1 now displays the Customer records.
  3. In DataGrid1, modify some of the data, and then click Save.

    NOTE: Do not change the key field. If you change the key field, you receive an error message, which states that you are breaking referential integrity on the server.

REFERENCES

For more information, see the "Creating and Accessing XML Web Services Walkthroughs" topic in the Visual Studio .NET Help documentation.

Properties

Article ID: 320634 - Last Review: February 27, 2014 - Revision: 3.4
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft ADO.NET 1.1
  • Microsoft ADO.NET 1.0
  • Microsoft ASP.NET 1.1
  • Microsoft ASP.NET 1.0
  • Microsoft Visual J# .NET 2003 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhowtomaster kbsqlclient kbsystemdata KB320634

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