?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? DNSLint ?? ????? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 321046 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? DNSLint ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????

?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? replicas ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? wherever ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????, ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????: ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????????, ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ???

?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? (DNS) ?????? ?? ??? ??? IP ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? registers DNS ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? DNS ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? DNSLint ?? Microsoft Windows ?????? ?? Windows 2000-??-??? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??, ?? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ???:
  • ??? DNS ????? ?? ??? supposed ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? authoritative ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? replicas ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? DNS ??????? ??? DNSLint ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? DNS ??????? ?? ???????? authoritative DNS ????? ???????? ????
  • ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? DNS ??????? ??????????? replicas ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? DNSLint ?? ????? ???? ?? ???-?? DNS ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???

?????? ??????

??? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??, ?? ????? DNS ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????:
  1. ????? ???????? (DC1) ???????????? initiating ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? (KCC) ?????????? ????????? ???, ????? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???, Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????::
    244368?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????
    DC1 knows (DC2) ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? GUID ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? (DC2) ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? GUID ???? ??????
  2. ?? ???? DC1 knows DC2 ?? GUID ?? ???, ?? ?????? ?????? DC2 ?? IP ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???, DC1 DNS ????? ???? ??? DC1 CNAME ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? DNS ????? ?? ??? ??? recursive DNS ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????
    GUID._msdcs.?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ????
    ????GUIDGUID DC1 ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???:
    91f9b084-4876-4b59-be17-59e74c340221._msdcs.reskit.com
    ???? 91f9b084-4876-4b59-be17-59e74c340221 ?? GUID ?? reskit.com ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???

    ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? CNAME ?? ??? DC1 ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? DNS ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?? GUID ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???, GUID 91f9b084-4876-4b59-be17-59e74c340221 dc 02.reskit.com ?? ?? ?? ???
  3. ?? ?? DC1 GUID ?? ??? ???? ??? knows, ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??? IP ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?? DC2 ???? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? DC1 ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? (A) ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ??? DNS ????? ?? ??? ??? recursive DNS ?????? ????? ??? DNS ????? ???????? ?? ?????--?????? ?? ???, 169.254.66.7 ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? IP ??? ???? ?????
  4. ?? ???? DC1 knows DC2 ?? IP ??? ??? ?????? ?? DC2 ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? replicate ?????? ?????????? ???? ???
??? ?? ????????? ???? ??, ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??, ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? DNSLint can help to determine whether the DNS records used in this process are in place and can be resolved.
  1. To determine whether DNS is causing an Active Directory replication problem among domain controllers in an Active Directory forest, run the following command
    dnslint /ad 169.254.32.1 /s 169.254.10.22
    where the/adparameter is used to specify an Active Directory domain controller that can be used to find the GUIDs for all the domain controllers in the Active Directory forest. By default, all domain controllers in a forest should have this information. The/soption is required when you use the/ad?????? ?? ??? ???? ???.. The/soption is used to tell DNSLint the IP address of a DNS server that is authoritative for the _msdcs.???????? ?? ???zone.

    When you run this command, DNSLint first contacts the Active Directory domain controller specified after the/adswitch (169.254.32.1). This command causes DNSLint to query the Active Directory on this domain controller for all the GUIDs in the Active Directory forest. Specifically, it queries the following location in the Active Directory
    CN=NTDS Settings, CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=reskit,DC=com
    ???? DC reskit, DC = = com ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???

    ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? (LDAP) ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ??????????, DNSLint ???? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????????? LDAP ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??, ?? ????? succeeds ?? GUIDs ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??, ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??? DNSLint ?? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???

    ????? GUIDs ?? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ??, ??? DNSLint ?? DNS ?????? ???? DNS ?????, ?? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ???/s??????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????, DNS ???????? 169.254.10.22 ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? DNS ????? ?? authoritative _msdcs ?? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ????, the operation may end without finding any DNS records for the GUIDs found earlier. The/soption must specify the IP address of a DNS server that is authoritative for the _msdcs.root of Active Directory forestsubdomain.

    In some environments, such as those in which a DNS server that does not accept dynamic updates hosts the root zone, the _msdcs zone has been delegated to a DNS server that is not authoritative for the root of the Active Directory forest. DNSLint checks for this delegation before proceeding with next DNS queries. ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? DNS ????? ?? ??? DNS ???????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???

    DNSLint ?? DNS ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? authoritative ??? ?? ???? DNS ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? DNSLint ??? authoritative ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? DNS ??????? ?? ???? ??, ?? ??? ??? ??????? DNS ????? (?? ?????) ?? ??? CNAME ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?? CNAME ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??, ?? ??? ??? DNSLint ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? glue (???) ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? DNS ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????

    DNSLint HTML ?????? (?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????) ??? ?? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? GUIDs ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? DNS ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?? CNAME ?? glue (???) ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? authoritative ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? CNAME ?????? ?? ???-?? glue (A) ?????? ???????? DNS ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????, ???? ???????? ?? ???? DNS ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? DNS ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???
  2. ????????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ??? DNS ??????? ??????????? replicas ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??, ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????:
    dnslint /ad /s ??????? ?????
    ??????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ??? IP ??? ???? ??/AD??????, 127.0.0.1 ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ????? GUID ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???, ?? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? LDAP ????? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???/s?????? ?? ???, ?? ???? DNSLint DNS ????? (?? ?????) ?? ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? CNAME ?? glue (A) ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? DNS ???????? recursive DNS ????? (?? ?????) ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? DNS ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???????? DNS ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? DNS ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????? DNS ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? DNS ????? ?? ??????? ???

    ??????? DNSLint ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????, ???? ???????? ?? ???? DNS ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? DNS ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???

????? ????? Microsoft ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??::
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
Dnslint.v204.exe ?????? ?? ??????? ?????

Microsoft ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???, ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????::
119591?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????
Microsoft ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????-??? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??.. ????? ?? ???????-????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???..

DNSLint ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
321045DNSLint ?????? ?? ?????

???

???? ID: 321046 - ????? ???????: 04 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 2.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
??????: 
kbdownload kbhowtomaster kbmt KB321046 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:321046

??????????? ???

 

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