Troubleshooting WINS error event ID 4102, 4243, 4242, and 4286 messages

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SUMMARY

This article describes how to troubleshoot Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) replication-related error messages.

Note: You may receive different WINS event log messages, depending on the version of Microsoft Windows and the service pack that you have installed on your computer. The Microsoft Knowledge Base contains information about all the changes to event log messages. Always note the error message and the event ID. An event ID alone may mislead you.

MORE INFORMATION

Before you troubleshoot WINS replication-related error messages, make sure that your network uses a true hub-and-spoke replication topology. Make sure that you configure each server to point to itself. Each WINS server that you install on your network must register its own set of unique names and group NetBIOS names in WINS. WINS service problems may occur if different WINS servers own the names that a particular WINS server registers. To prevent these problems, configure each WINS server as its own primary WINS server and secondary WINS server.

You must configure WINS replication correctly to have an efficient WINS-capable network. The most important features of a correct WINS configuration are described in the "Configuring Replication" chapter of the TCP/IP Core Networking Guide in the Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit. This information is also included in the "Best Practices for WINS Replication" chapter in the Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit and the "Best practices" topic in the Windows 2000 Server online help file.

Note: You must avoid push-pull replication in a loop. Microsoft recommends that you use a true hub-and-spoke WINS model.

The "Troubleshooting WINS" section in the Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit describes some basic troubleshooting steps for common problems.

If the servers are located across routers, verify that there is not a lost network connection or a failed router on an intermediate link. Also make sure that TCP port 42 is not blocked on an intervening network device, such as a router or a firewall.

WINS Event ID 4243 Event Message

The following event ID message is an example of an event ID 4243 message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting:

Source: WINS
Event ID 4243
Description:
WINS Pull thread encountered an error during the process of sending a push notification to another WINS. The error code is given in the data section.

Data Words: 0000: 00000a07 e0000008

The translation of error code 4243 is WINS_EVT_RPLPULL_PUSH_NTF_EXC.
316836 Windows Server WINS event log messages, 4210 to 5300
The WINS Server event log messages contain data that you can use to determine the reason for an error. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words. The second data word in the data section is associated with the type of error that was logged. The type of error that was logged is the key to troubleshooting this issue.
The translation of the second data word (e0000008) in the data section in the example is "WINS_COMM_FAIL - A communication failure occurred. Check for disconnected or unreachable systems."

To troubleshoot this problem, search for disconnected or unreachable computers. Because this error is network related, you can perform a network trace to determine which WINS server is failing.

Note: You can use the Event Monitor tool to stop Network Monitor as soon as the event occurs.

Possible Causes for the WINS 4243 Event Messages

You may receive this event message if any of the following conditions are true:
  • You did not configure the replication partnership correctly.
  • The WINS service is not running on the replication partner.
  • A WINS server has a Pull partner, but the WINS service is not installed on the Pull partner. In this situation, the target server replies with a "TCP Reset" packet.
  • A WINS server has a Pull partner, but the Pull partner is not reachable for any reason. In this situation, a "TCP Sync" packet is sent, but nothing is received (a "TCP Syn-Ack" packet is not returned).

Resolution for the WINS 4243 Event Messages

To resolve the WINS 4243 event message, perform a Network Monitor trace to find all the obsolete replication partners, and then remove all the obsolete replication partners.

Note: To identify WINS push or pull replication traffic, examine the traffic on TCP port 42. You can pre-filter the trace for frames on this port.

To perform a Network Monitor trace:
  1. Look up the exact timestamp of the error in the system event log of the WINS server that receives the WINS error 4243, and then find occurrences of TCP SYN or RESET frames at that time in the trace.
  2. Search the trace for frames where the TCP Flags property includes "Reset the connection." The WINS service is not installed or is not running on the computer that sent the TCP Reset.
  3. Filter for SYN (Synchronize Sequence numbers) packets.
  4. Search the trace for frames where the TCP Flags property includes "Synchronize Sequence numbers," and then determine if all these frames were answered.
  5. An obsolete replication partner is a server that sends a TCP Reset packet or a server that does not answer. Remove the obsolete replication partners from the list of replication partners for your WINS server.
If Windows 2000 WINS server clusters are involved, use only the virtual IP resource for each WINS server cluster as a replication partner. On all WINS servers, remove the Windows 2000 physical nodes from the replication partner list for Windows 2000 WINS server clusters.

WINS Event ID 4102 Event Message

The following event message is an example of a event ID 4102 event message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words.

Source: WINS
Event ID 4102
Description:
The connection was aborted by the remote WINS. Remote WINS may not be configured to replicate with the server.

Data Words: 0000: 0000033f e0000008

If a WINS server has set up a Pull partner, but the Pull partner has not set up a Push partner, the Pull partner logs an event ID 4102.

If you run a Network Monitor trace, you see that the TCP session is established (TCP three-way handshake). To analyze this type of error, configure Network Monitor with the WINS parser. When you use the correct Network Monitor WINS parser, the "Start Association" request and reply appears for the source WINS server and the target WINS server.

When the source client sends a "WINS Add version Number Map Table Request" message, the target WINS server (that does not have a partner set up) sends the following error message:
WINS: Stop Reason = Message Error
When this error occurs, the WINS server that initiates the replication replies with the following error message:
WINS: Stop Reason = User Initiated
When this occurs, the TCP session is dropped (TCP FIN).

Possible Causes for the WINS 4102 Event Messages

A WINS event ID 4102 event message typically means that there is a communication failure during a WINS connection. This may occur if a WINS server is configured as a Push or Pull partner with a computer that is not configured as a partner with the first WINS server. Verify that all WINS Servers in the environment are correctly configured.

You may also receive a WINS event ID 4102 event message if a rogue WINS Server is running on the network.

Resolution for WINS 4102 Event Messages

To resolve the WINS 4102 event message:
  1. Run a Network Monitor trace, and then identify the remote WINS server (Pull partner) that sends the "WINS: Stop Reason = Message Error" error message.
  2. Follow either of the following steps:
    • On the WINS server where the event ID 4102 is logged, remove the remote WINS server from the list of replication partners.
    • On the remote WINS server (the pull partner), configure a push partner to replicate to. The push partner is the WINS server that logs the event ID 4102 message.

WINS Event ID 4281 Event Message

The following event ID message is an example of an event ID 4281 event message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words.

Source: WINS
Event ID 4281
Description:
A lock error has occurred. This could happen if the WINS is trying to send a response on a dialogue that is no longer ACTIVE. An implicit dialogue can cease to exist if the association it is mapped to terminates. In this case, getting a lock error is normal.

Data Words: 0000: 0000030b e0000001

E0000001 = WINS_FAILURE
A general WINS failure or error occurred.

This error message is typically logged in combination with other WINS error messages. An event ID 4281 message typically is logged as a side effect of other WINS errors. Typically, you resolve this error message when you resolve the other WINS error messages.

WINS Event ID 4242 Event Message

The following event ID message is an example of an event ID 4242 event message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words.

Source: WINS
Event ID 4242
Description:
WINS Push thread encountered an exception. A recovery will be attempted.

Data Words: 0000: 00000415 e0000008

The error code e0000008 correlates to the error text WINS_COMM_FAIL -
A communication failure occurred.
Check for disconnected or unreachable systems.

Because the error code in the data section is network-related, see the troubleshooting steps in the "WINS Error Event ID 4102" section of this article.

WINS Event ID 4286 Event Message

The following event ID message is an example of an event ID 4286 event message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words.

Source: WINS
Event ID 4286
Description:
The WINS server cannot make or accept this connection since the limit of connections has been reached. This situation is temporary and should resolve by itself in a while.

Data Words: 0000: 00001009 e0000001

The translation of error code 4286 is WINS_EVT_CONN_LIMIT_REACHED

The situation that this error message describes is temporary and resolves automatically over time. Typically, you receive this event message on WINS servers that have a very long list of replication partners. Typically, a shortage of ephemeral ports causes this issue.

Resolution for the WINS Event ID 4286 Event Message

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows
To resolve this issue, you can either wait for the issue to resolve by itself or follow these troubleshooting steps:
  1. Examine your replication topology, and make sure that you are configured for a true Hub-and-Spokes replication topology.
  2. Verify that there is not a TCP connection shortage. Before the TCP packet is sent, the computer verifies that it has sufficient resources, for example free outgoing TCP ports. To verify that there is not a TCP connection shortage, follow these steps:
    1. Run the following command on the failing computer (at the time that this computer is logging the event ID 4286 errors), and then save the output to a file. To do so, run the following command from a command prompt:
      netstat -a
    2. Look for total number of sessions and used ports, examine the state of the sessions to determine whether the number of sessions has reached the maximum value. By default, the maximum value is 5000.
For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
137984 TCP connection states and Netstat output
If the output indicates that the server has exhausted all the ports between 1024 and 5000, the server has run out of ephemeral ports. To resolve this issue, follow these steps:
  1. Start Registry Editor.
  2. Locate the MaxUserPort value under the following key in the registry:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters
  3. Double-click the MaxUserPort value, type 65534 in the Value data box, and then click OK.
    Note: 65534 is the maximum value for the MaxUserPort value.
  4. Quit Registry Editor.
  5. Restart the WINS server.

WINS Event ID 4121 (or 4116 on NT4) Event Message

The following event ID message is an example of Windows 2000 event ID 4121 error message. The data section contains important information for troubleshooting. Change the view of the data section of the event from bytes to words.

Source: WINS
Type: Information
Event ID 4121
Description:
WINS's Replicator could not find any records in the WINS database. This means there are no active or tombstone records in the database. It could be that the records being requested by a remote WINS server have either been released or do not exist.

Note: The corresponding event ID on a Windows NT4-based computer is 4116.

Data Words:
00000f58 0a080b73 0000164e 00000000 00001652 00000000
00000f58 0a05f0c6 00005fcf 00000000 000061ac 00000000
00000f58 dc0f05c9 00005c76 00000000 000068c8 00000000

The translation of error code 4121 is WINS_EVT_NO_RPL_RECS_RETRIEVED.

On Windows 2000, you may receive the WINS 4121 event log event messages if any of the following conditions is true:
  • A computer receives a push notification. Based on this notification the computer uses the pull mechanism to obtain all the newer records than are indicated by the highest version ID. When a pull partner tries to obtain the records based on the version IDs that the pull partner was informed about, those records no longer exist on the partner's database.

    This issue may occur if a push partner lists an entry that is already outdated before the pull time is reached. For example, if you send a push, the entry is updated, and then you send the push again before a pull occurs, you may receive this event message. To resolve this behavior, tune the push count and pull time. Increase the push count and decrease the pull time until the behavior stops.
  • A PersonaNonGrata registry entry includes the server that is a replication partner.
Otherwise, you may receive the WINS 4121 event log event message if both of the following conditions are true:
  • You have two WINS servers: one push partner and one pull partner.
  • When the pull partner initiates a replication (for example, a pull request), the following behavior may occur:

    Note: the arrow indicates the direction of traffic.
    1. Pull partner -> Push partner
      The pull partner sends to the push partner a query for a list of WINS servers and the highest version ID.
    2. Pull partner <- Push partner
      The push partner sends back the list of WINS servers and the highest version ID. The push partner returns a list because the push partner may also be a pull partner of other WINS servers and have in its database IP addresses that other WINS servers own.
    3. Pull partner <- Push partner
      On the push partner: For each WINS server, compare the highest version ID with the latest version ID that was replicated. If the highest version ID is higher than the one replicated, the push partner issues a query to the pull partner with the highest version ID.
    4. Pull partner -> Push partner
      The pull partner sends a list of entries. If the list is empty, all the new records no longer exist and a 4121 WINS event (or on Windows NT4, a 4116 WINS event) is logged with the IP address of the WINS server that owns the records. (This can be the pull partner or any partner. The partner is in its turn a pull partner of this pull partner).
This event is informational only and does not report a problem. Use the following guide to help you to interpret the data that is included in the event message:

Each line in the "Data Words" section of the event message has the following structure
4 bytes = Line number in the source code (only used by Microsoft for debugging purposes)
4 bytes = IP address of a WINS Server (the pull partner or any WINS server that replicates with the pull partner)
8 bytes = 64 bits number for the minimum version ID
8 bytes = 64 bits number for the maximum version ID

In the previous example, the three lines of data words translate as:

IP-Address, Min-Version, Max-Version
---------- ----------- -------------
10.8.11.115 , 164E 0, 1652 0 (The difference of hex1652 - 164E = 4 is the number of records to replicate)
10.5.240.198 , 5fcf 0, 61ac 0 (477 records to replicate)
220.15.5.201, 5c76 0, 68c8 0(3154 records to replicate)

This behavior is by design, and WINS continues to log the event message. In Windows NT 4.0 and later, the computer logs this event only if you have enabled the Log detailed events option.

To disable detailed logging, follow these steps:
  1. In WINS Manager, click Configuration on the Server menu.
  2. Click Advanced, and then click to clear the Log Detailed Events check box.

Corrupted WINS Database

In rare situations the WINS database may be corrupted. To recover from this situation, follow these steps:
  1. Stop replication.
  2. Delete the replication partners.
  3. Use the Jetpack tool on the database on the hub server.
  4. Reestablish replication, and then force a replication.
  5. Use the WINS Microsoft Management Console (MMC) to examine the consistency of the WINS database.
In a large WINS environment where IP addresses constantly change, do not configure the Replicate on Address change option on an NT4 WINS server. The equivalent setting on a Windows 2000 WINS server is the When address changes check box in the WINS snap-in. Click to clear the check box to restore the default setting.

For additional information, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
150737 Setting primary and secondary WINS server options
185786 Recommended practices for WINS
235609 Recovering a WINS database from other backup sources


For more information, see the white paper "Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS): Architecture and Capacity Planning". To do so, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/Bb742607.aspx

Running WINS on a Cluster

For additional information about the correct WINS setup for a cluster, click the following article numbers to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
226796 Using WINS and DHCP with the Windows 2000 Cluster service
290880 How WINS functions on a cluster server
193890 Recommend WINS configuration for Microsoft Cluster Server
On a Windows 2000 server cluster, configure all WINS replication partners to replicate with the virtual server on the server cluster. On a Windows NT 4.0 server cluster, you must configure the single nodes as replication partners because the failover feature is not available for the WINS service on Windows NT 4.0 server clusters.

How to Configure Network Monitor to Use the WINS Parser

Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit includes the WINS Replication Network Monitor parser (Wins.dll) that can be useful for troubleshooting issues. For additional information about the WINS Replication Network Monitor parser, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
280503 Network Monitor parsers included in the server resource kit
To download the updated version of the Wins.dll file, see "Supplement One" of the Windows 2000 Server Resource Kit. To use the WINS replication parser:
  1. Copy the WINS replication parser (Wins.dll) to the System32\NetmonFull\Parsers folder.
  2. Add the following line to the [PARSERS] section in the Parser.ini file:
    wins.dll =0: WINS
    					
  3. Add the following section to the Parser.ini file:
    [WINS]
    Comment="WINS Protocol"
    FollowSet=
    HelpFile=
    						
    Note: The Parser.ini file is located in the System32\NetmonFull folder.
  4. Add the following line to the [TCP_HandoffSet] section in the Tcpip.ini file:
    42 = WINS ; added
    						
    Note: The Tcpip.ini file is located in the System32\NetmonFull\Parsers folder.

Example of a WINS Replication Frame

After you configure the WINS parser, you can see the details of each WINS replication package when you run a Network Monitor trace. For example:
#2725 10:05:01.208 00307B967C50 0002A56BB95B WINS Replication Packet

IP: Source Address = 10.46.4.201
IP: Destination Address = 10.12.49.23 IP

TCP: .AP..., len: 45, seq: 44355679-44355724, ack: 799772100, win: 8760, src: 2874 dst: 42
TCP: Source Port = 0x0B79
TCP: Destination Port = Host Name Server

WINS: WINS Replication Packet
WINS: WINS Data Size = 41 (0x29)
WINS: WINS Opcode = Non NBT Frame
WINS: WINS Association Context = 0 (0x0)
WINS: WINS Message Type = Start Association Request
WINS: WINS Association Context = 807300098 (0x301E6C02)
WINS: WINS Minor Version = 1 (0x1)
WINS: WINS Major Version = 1 (0x1)
To determine whether the replication partner is running a Windows NT 4.0-based computer or a Windows 2000-based computer, view the major and minor version. Windows 2000-based computers appear as minor version 2 and major version 5, and Windows NT 4.0 computers appear as minor version 1 and major version 1.

Corresponding Frame for a WINS Event ID 4102 Event Message

The WINS server that initiates the replication and sends this frame records the WINS Error 4102 in the system event log.
2330 10:04:57.896 0002A56BB95B CISCO 07AC45 WINS Replication Packet Source Address ->Destination Address IP

IP: Source Address = IP Address
IP: Destination Address = IP Address

TCP: .AP..., len: 44, seq: 498801786-498801830, ack: 522782479, win:17475, src: 2937 dst: 42
TCP: Source Port = 0x0B79
TCP: Destination Port = Host Name Server

WINS: WINS Replication Packet
WINS: WINS Data Size = 40 (0x28)
WINS: WINS Opcode = Non NBT Frame
WINS: WINS Association Context = 942499842 (0x382D6802)
WINS: WINS Message Type = Stop Association Message
WINS: Stop Reason = User Initiated
Note: If you see this frame in a Network Monitor trace it does not automatically imply an error because this frame is also sent after a successful replication.

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Article ID: 321208 - Last Review: September 11, 2011 - Revision: 4.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
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