????? ??? "Active Directory" ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 322692 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????. ???? ????? ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? Windows NT Server 4.0 ?????????? ??????. ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 Server ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? "Active Directory". ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ????????.

?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server ?? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????.
?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Server ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ????????. ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????.

???? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????????. ???? ??????? ?? ???????, ??? ??????? ??????? ????. ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??. ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? the Technet article about the Active Directory functional levels.

?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????. ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? the TechNet article about the features associated with the various functional levels.

??? ????? ???????

????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? Windows Server 2008 ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2008 ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ????????. ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????, ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????. ???? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ?? ????? ????????.

??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? the graphical user interface (GUI) administration tools that are documented in the TechNet article about Windows Server 2003 Active Directory functional levels. ?????? ??? ??????? 2003.However Windows Server ? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???????. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? Windows PowerShell ???????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ? ?????? ????? ??????? ? ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? Windows PowerShell ?????? ????? ??????? ???? the TechNet article that discusses this method.

??? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????

???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP) ??? Ldp.exe Adsiedit.msc ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????. ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? (FSMO) ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? Microsoft.

??????? ????? ??????? ??????

??? ??? ????? ???? msDS ????? ????? ??? ???? (NC) ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???????:
  • DC = Mydomain
  • DC = ForestRootDom
  • DC = tld ??????
???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????:
  • ?????? 0 ?? ?? ??? ??????? = ???? ??????? ??????
  • ?????? 1 = ????? ???? Windows Server 2003
  • ???? 2 = ??????? ???? Windows Server 2003
  • ?????? 3 = ??????? ???? Windows Server 2008
  • ?????? 4 = ????? ???? Windows Server 2008 R2

??????? ????? ?????? "?" ????? ???????

??? ??? ntMixedDomain ????? ????? ??? ???? (NC) ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???????:
  • DC = Mydomain
  • DC = ForestRootDom
  • DC = tld ??????
???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????:
  • ?????? 0 = ???? ??????? ??????
  • ?????? 1 = ???? ??????? ??????

????? ????? ??????

??? ??? ????? ???? msDS ????? ????? ??? ???? (NC) ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???????:
  • CN = ?????
  • CN = ?????
  • DC = ForestRootDom
  • DC = tld ??????
???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????:
  • ?????? 0 ?? ?? ??? ??????? = ?????? ????? ??????
  • ?????? 1 = ????? ???????? ??????? Windows Server 2003
  • ???? 2 = Windows Server 2003 ????? ????????

    ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? msDS ?? ?????? 0 ??? ?????? 1 ??? usingAdsiedit.msc ????? ????? ????? ???????:
    ????? ????? illegal. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???.
  • ?????? 3 = ??????? ???? Windows Server 2008
  • ?????? 4 = ????? ???? Windows Server 2008 R2
??? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP) ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? "?????" ????????. ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????. ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? Ldp.exe ? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????. ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??? FSMO ??????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????.

??? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? Ldp.exe

  1. ??? ??? Ldp.exe.
  2. ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????.
??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? RootDSE ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ????????? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????. ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 Server.

?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???.
  • 1 > domainFunctionality: 2=(DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2003)
  • 1 > forestFunctionality: 0=(DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2000)
  • 1 > domainControllerFunctionality: 2=(DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2003)

??????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????

  • ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????:
    • ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? msdsBehaviorVersion ??? ?????? domainDNS ??????.
    • ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? Ldp.exe ?? ???? Adsiedit.msc.
    ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??????, ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???????:
    sv_problem_will_not_perform
    error_ds_illegal_mod_operation
    ???????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? "????? ??????":
    ???? ????? Active Directory ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????.

    ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? Active Directory ???? ?????????? & Computers ??????, ???????? ?????? ???????? Active Directory ???? ?????? & ????? ????? ???????? MMC - ?? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ntMixedDomain ??? 0 ??? ?????? domainDNS. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? 2 (Windows Server 2003) ? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????.
  • ????? ???? ?????? ?????? Administrators ???? ?????? ?????? Administrators ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ????????. ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????:

    ??? ?????: ???????
    ???? ?????: SAM
    ???? ?????: 16408
    Server Name ?????????:
    ?????: "??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????. ??????? ?? ???? ???."

  • ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????, ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ntmixedmode ? ??? msdsBehaviorVersion ???????? ??????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????. ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? 0 ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? Administrators ???? ?????? ?????? Administrators ??????? ??? ?????:
    • ??? msdsBehaviorVersion ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? 2.
    • ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? 2 ???????? ?? ?????.
    ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????:.

??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? Windows 2000 Server

????? Windows 2000 Server ??? ????? ??????? "?" ????? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??????. ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? Windows Server 2003 ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ? Windows 2000 Server.

???? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? Windows 2000 Server.

???? Windows 2000 ????? (???????)

  • ?????? ????? ?????? ???????: Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 ? Windows 2000 Server ?Windows Server 2003 ?Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2
  • ????? ?????: ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????

???? Windows 2000 ??????

  • ?????? ????? ?????? ???????: Windows 2000 Server ?? Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2
  • ????? ?????: ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ? ???????, ????????? ????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????

Windows Server 2003 ??????

  • ?????? ????? ?????? ???????: Windows NT 4.0 ? Windows Server 2003 ?Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2
  • ??????? ????????: ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???????. ??? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????. ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ??? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003.

Windows Server 2003

  • ?????? ????? ?????? ???????: Windows Server 2003 ?Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2
  • ??????? ????????: ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????, ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????. ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? objectClass InetOrgPerson. ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????.
???????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? Windows 2000 ????? ????? ?????????. ???????? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 Server ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? Windows 2000 Server ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003.

????? ??????? - ????? ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0

???? Windows Server 2003 Active ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ???? ???? ???????? (BDC) ??? ???????. ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????. ??? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???????????? ???????:
  • ???? ??????? ?? Windows NT 4.0 ??? Windows Server 2003.
  • ??? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 BDC ?????.
  • ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? 5000 ????? (???????? ?????? ??????? ??????).
  • ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? Server2000 Windows ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???.
???? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? Windows NT 4.0:
  1. ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?? 5000 ??? ??????.
  2. ????????? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? KCC ???????.
????? efficiencies ?? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0. ???? ??? "???? ???????" ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????.

????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2003

???? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????. ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????. ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????? (LVR) ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? Windows NT 4.0 ?????? ???????? (PDC) ??? ???? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????????. ????? ???? ???? ????? Windows Server 2003 ??????:
  1. ????? ???????.

    ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? Dcpromo ??? ????? PDC ???? Windows NT 4.0 ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????.
  2. ??? ????? Windows NT 4.0 PDC Windows NT 4.0 ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP).

    ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????????. ????? PDC ???? Windows NT 4.0 ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? Ldp.exe ?? ???? ????? Adsiedit.msc ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????.
  3. ??? ??????? ???????? ????? LDAP.

    ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ? ?? ??????. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????????.

???? ?????????

????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? "???? ???????" ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? "????? ?????? ??????" ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????????.

?????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??? Active Directory Users and Computers.
  2. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????.
    2. ?? ???? ?????? "??????" ? ???? ??? DNS ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ???? ??? "???????" ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???.
  4. ?? ???? ?????? ' ??? ' ? ???? ??? ??? ????.
  5. ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
  6. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????.
  7. ?? ?????? ??????? LDAP ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????:
    (&(objectCategory=computer)(operatingSystem Version=4*)(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=8192))
    ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ??????.
  8. ???? ??? ????? ????.

    ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????.
?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ??? ??? ?????.
  • ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????.
  • ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????.
??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????.

?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 Server ????? ???? ???? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ??? ????? ?????. ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???? Windows NT 4.0. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???????? ?? Windows 2000 Server ????? ????? ??????. ?? ????? ??? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? Windows Server 2000 ?? ??????? ??????.

????: ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????

?? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? Windows 2000 Server ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003.

??? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??????.
?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? "Active Directory" ?????? ???????? MMC ?????.
  2. ?? ?????? ????????, ???? ??? ?????? ???? Raise ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????.
  3. ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??????? ???????? "???????? ???? ??????? ?????????". ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? msds ????? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ?? ?????? Windows Server ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????.
  4. ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????, ??? ??????? ?? ???????. ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? "Active Directory" ?? ??????? ???????? ??? Ntdsutil.
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????):
216498????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? Active Directory ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????
???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????????
?????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ????? ???? ?? Repadmin ????????? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows Server 2000:
  • repadmin/Replsum * /Sort:Delta [/Errorsonly] ?? ??????? ??????.
  • repadmin/Showrepl * /CSV>showrepl.csv. ??????? ??? Excel ?? ?? ???????? ????????-> ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????.

    ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? Repadmin ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????.
???? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server ???? ???? ???? Windows Server ???? ???? ??????. ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????. ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????.

????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????.
  • ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????.
??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???????, ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????.

?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????.

??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????. ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? re-promote. ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????.

????: ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? Windows Server 2000 ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003

????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? Windows Server 2000 ??????. ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003. ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? PDCs ??? ???? ?? ??????, ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??????. ??? ??????? ??????? ???????:
  • ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???. ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ??????.
  • ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 Server ??? ??????? ????? (???? ????? ???????). ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????.
  • ????? ?????? ???????? ?? Windows 2000 Server ?? ????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ???????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? Windows 2000 Server. ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? Windows Server 2003. ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ??????.

?????? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0

?????? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? PDC ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???. ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? PDC ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? LVR ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???????:
  • ??? ????? ??????? ????? Dcpromo. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? PDC. ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????.
  • ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ???????, ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? Windows Server 2003.
??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 Server ??? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????????.

?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? Windows NT 4.0

?? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 ???, ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? 5000. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ?? Windows NT 4.0. ?? Windows 2000 Server ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????. ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????, ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? "" ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? "??????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???????" ?? ??? ???????. ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? 5000.

???? ????????? ??????? ??? 5000 ?? ???????? ???????? (???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? "????? ???????"?????? ?). ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? "?????" ???????? ??? "primarygroupID" ???????? ?????? ???????. ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????. ??? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? "??????? ??????" ?? ?? ??? ??? ????. ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? Rid "primarygroupID" ????????? ?? ????? ??? ??????.

??? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????, ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???? 5000 ? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????.
  2. ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? 5000 ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? 5000.
  3. ??? ???? ???? Access ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? 2.
Windows Server 2003 ????? ???????? ??????? relieves ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? 5000.

????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????

????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?? commits ??? ??? ????? ?????, ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? "Active Directory". ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? commits ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????.

??? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????????, ???? "Active Directory" ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????. ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????.

???? ????? ??? ????????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ??? "????? ????" ??? 100megabytes ???????. ????? ??? ???? ????????? ? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????. ???? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? (???? ?? 5000 ?????) ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????.

???? Windows Server 2003 ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???????? (LVR). ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????, LVR ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????. ????? LVR ??? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows Server 2003 ????? ????????. ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? LVR ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003.

???????

???? ???????: 322692 - ????? ??? ??????: 29/???? ??????/1431 - ??????: 16.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, 64-Bit Datacenter Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbactivedirectory kbhowtomaster KB322692 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????322692

????? ???????

 

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