????? ????? TCP/IP ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? NetBIOS ?? Windows Server 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 323388 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????/???????? ?????? (TCP/IP) ?? NetBIOS ??????? ???? ???????. ???? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????????.

????? ?????????

??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? TCP/IP ????? ???? ?? ????? TCP/IP ?? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ???????.

??? ??? ????? TCP/IP ???????? ???? Ipconfig.exe

  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? cmd ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ipconfig ?? ?? ???? ENTER. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????????? DNS ????? ? IP ????? ???? ?????? ???????, ????????? ??????????.
  3. ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ipconfig/???? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER.
  4. ???? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? (DNS) ? ???? ????? ?????? ?? Windows (WINS) ????? IP ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ??.
??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? Ipconfig.exe ???? ipconfig / ? ?? ???? ???????.

??? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? Nbtstat.exe

NetBIOS ??? TCP/IP (NetBT) ????? ????? NetBIOS ??? IP ??????. ???? TCP/IP ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? NetBIOS ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ???? WINS ???? ??????? ???? DNS ? ??? LMHOSTS ?? ?????.

Nbtstat.exe ???? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ??? NetBIOS. ????? ??????? ????? NBTSTAT ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????. ??????? ????? NBTSTAT:
  • ???? ???? NetBIOS ????????? ?????? ???? nbtstat - n ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ENTER. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? NetBIOS. ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????.
  • ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? NetBIOS ???? nbtstat - c ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER. ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? NetBIOS ? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????.
  • ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? LMHOSTS ???? nbtstat -R ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER.

    ??????: ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? "R".
  • ???? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? nbtstat - a RemoteComputerName ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ENTER ??? RemoteComputerName ?? ??? ??????? NetBIOS ????????? ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? NetBIOS ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? MAC ???? ???? ???????.
  • ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? nbtstat -s ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER. ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? NetBIOS ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????.
   NetBIOS Connection Table 

   Local Name     State      In/Out  Remote Host   Input  Output 
   ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
   DAVEMAC1 <00>  Connected  Out     CNSSUP1<20>   6MB    5MB 
   DAVEMAC1 <00>  Connected  Out     CNSPRINT<20>  108KB  116KB 
   DAVEMAC1 <00>  Connected  Out     CNSSRC1<20>   299KB  19KB 
   DAVEMAC1 <00>  Connected  Out     STH2NT<20>    324KB  19KB 
   DAVEMAC1 <03>  Listening 
					
??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? Nbtstat.exe ???? nbtstat / ? ?? ???? ???????.

?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ???

??? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????, ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????????. ??????? ????? PING ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? TCP/IP ?????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ????? TRACERT ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????.

??? ?????? ??????? ???????? PING

????? ??????? ????? PING ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????. ?????? "ping" ???? ???? ????? ??????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? cmd ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  2. ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ENTER ??? IPAddressOfRemoteNetworkHost ?? ????? IP ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? HostName ?? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??:
    • ping IPAddressOfRemoteNetworkHost

      ??? ???? ??????? ping 192.168.104.
    • ping HostName

      ??? ???? ??????? ping www.microsoft.com.
  3. ?? ?????? "???? ???????" ? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???:
    ?? ?? 192.168.1.104: ???? = ????? 32 = TTL 40ms = 61
    ?? ?? 192.168.1.104: ???? = ????? 32 = TTL 40ms = 61
    ?? ?? 192.168.1.104: ???? = ????? 32 = TTL 40ms = 61
    ?? ?? 192.168.1.104: ???? = ????? 32 = TTL 40ms = 61
    ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? "? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????? PING ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????:
    1. ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? TCP/IP ????? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ??????. ?????? ????? ???? ping 127.0.0.1.
    2. ?? ??????? ????? ????? IP ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????.
    3. ?? ??????? ????? ????? IP ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????. ????? ?????? ??? ????? IP ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????? IPCONFIG.
    4. ?? ??????? ????? ????? IP ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????.
??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? Ping.exe ???? ping / ? ?? ???? ???????.

??? ?????? ??????? ???????? Tracert.exe

Tracert.exe ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????. ???? ????? TRACERT ????? ?????? ????? IP ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ????. ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????, ????? TRACERT ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? cmd ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? tracert IPAddressOfRemoteNetworkHost ?? ?? ???? ENTER ??? IPAddressOfRemoteNetworkHost ?? ????? IP ????? ????? ?????? ???????.
  3. ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????.
??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? Tracert.exe ???? tracert / ? ?? ???? ???????.

??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? VIEW NET

  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? cmd ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? net view \\ ComputerName ? ?? ???? ENTER ??? ComputerName ?? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??.

    ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ???? NetBIOS.
    • ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????? ? ???? ????? "???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???????".
    • ??? ??? VIEW NET \\ ComputerName ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? "??? ??? ??????" ??????? "? ???? ??????? ???????:
      1. ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????.
      2. ???? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ?????.
      3. ???? ?? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? Microsoft.
      4. ??????? ????? PING ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????????? (????? ???????) ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????.
    • ??? ??? VIEW NET \\ ComputerName ?? ???? ????? ??? net view \\ IPAddressOfRemoteComputer ? ?? ???? ENTER.

      ?? ???? ??? ????? \\IPAddressOfRemoteComputer VIEW NET ???? VIEW NET \\ ComputerName ?? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????.
??????: ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? Net ???? net view / ? ?? ???? ???????.

??????? ??????? ????????

??? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ???.

??????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? "ping" ??? ??????, ?? ????? "???? ???" ?????

??? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ICMP (ping) ??????? ????. ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ping ???? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????? PING ?? TRACERT.

???? Ping ??? ????? ?????? ????? IP ????? ???? ?? ???? "?" Ping "??? ?????

??? ???? ???? ???????? ????? IP ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? PING ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? DNS ?? WINS ?????? ????? ?????? DNS ?? WINS.

???????

???? ???????: 323388 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/?? ??????/1428 - ??????: 7.5
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, 64-Bit Datacenter Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowtomaster kbnetwork kbtool kbtshoot KB323388 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????323388

????? ???????

 

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