HOW TO: Configure Internet Printing in Windows Server 2003

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Article ID: 323428 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

This article describes how to configure Internet printing in Windows Server 2003, and how to manage and connect to printers by using a Web browser.

When you use Internet printing, you can print or manage documents from a Web browser. Internet printing is turned on automatically on a Windows Server 2003-based computer when you install Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and then turn on Internet Printing through the IIS Security Lockdown Wizard. Printing is implemented by way of the Internet Print Protocol (IPP), which is encapsulated in the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).

With Internet printing, you can manage any shared printer on the print server from your browser. If you are using a computer that is running Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 and later, you can print to a printer over an intranet or the Internet by typing the address of the print server in the Address box. For example, type http://myprintserver/printers/.

When you click Connect on the printers Web page, the server generates a .cab file that contains the appropriate printer driver files and downloads it to the client computer. The printer that is installed is displayed in the Printers folder on the client.

How to Configure Internet Printing on a Windows Server 2003-based Print Server

The following sections describe how to configure Internet printing on a Windows Server 2003-based print server.

Install IIS

Because Internet printing depends on IIS, you must install IIS on the print server. To install IIS, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM into the computer's CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive. Press and hold down SHIFT as you insert the CD-ROM to prevent it from starting automatically.
  2. Click Start, point to Control Panel, and then click Add or Remove Programs.
  3. Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
  4. In the Components list of the Windows Components Wizard, double-click Web Application Server, click to select the Internet Information Services (IIS) check box, and then click Next.
  5. Click Finish, and then click Close.
Note: By default, Internet Printing is installed when you install IIS. If you want to confirm it, double-click Internet Information Services (IIS) in the Web Application Server dialog box while you install IIS, and then confirm that the Internet Printing check box is selected.

Turn On Internet Printing

As described earlier in this article, Internet Printing should be selected and installed by default when you install IIS. However, you must still turn it on by using the IIS Manager or IIS snap-in. To do so, follow these steps:
  1. Start IIS Manager or the IIS snap-in.
  2. Expand * server_name.
  3. Click Web Service Extensions.
  4. On the right pane, click Internet Printing, and then click Allow.
  5. Quit IIS Manager.
Note: An administrator can turn off Internet Printing for specific users and groups by using the Web-based Printing Group Policy setting. This setting is located at Computer ConfigurationAdministrative TemplatesPrinters. Set this to Disabled.

Configure Security for Internet Printing

To configure print server security, either use IIS Manager or the IIS snap-in. To configure the authentication method for Internet printing, follow these steps:
  1. Start IIS Manager or start the IIS snap-in.
  2. Expand * server_name, where server_name is the name of the server.
  3. Expand Web Sites, expand Default Web Site, right-click Printers, and then click Properties.
  4. Click the Directory Security tab, and then click Edit under Authentication and access control.
  5. Click any of the following authentication methods that you want to use, and then click OK:
    • Enable anonymous access: When you use anonymous access, IIS automatically logs you on by using the anonymous user account (by default, this account is IUSR_computer_name). You do not have to enter a user name and password. To change the user account that is used for anonymous access, click Browse under Anonymous access.
    • Integrated Windows authentication: Windows Integrated authentication (formerly called NTLM, or Windows NT Challenge/Response authentication) can use both the Kerberos version 5 authentication protocols and NTLM authentication protocol. This authentication method provides enhanced security. However, this method is supported only in Microsoft Internet Explorer 2.0 or later, and it does not work over HTTP proxy connections.
    • Digest authentication for Windows domain servers: When you use Digest authentication, user credentials are sent across the network while security is maintained. Digest authentication is available only for Internet Explorer 5.0 and later and for Web servers that belong to a Windows 2000 domain.
    • Basic authentication (password is sent in clear text): When you use Basic authentication, you are prompted for your logon information, and your user name and password are sent across the network in clear text. This authentication method provides a low level of security because it is possible for someone who is equipped with network monitoring tools to intercept user names and passwords. However, this type of authentication is supported by most Web clients. Use this authentication method if you want the freedom to manage printers from any browser. If you turn on basic authentication, type the domain name that you want to use in the Default domain box.
    • Microsoft .NET Passport authentication: .NET Passport authentication provides single sign-in security that provides users with access to diverse services on the Internet. When you use this option, requests to IIS must contain valid .NET Passport credentials on either the query string or in the cookie. If IIS does not detect .NET Passport credentials, requests are redirected to the .NET Passport logon page.

      Note: When you select this option, all other authentication methods are unavailable (dimmed).
  6. You can also control access to Internet printers based on the requesting host instead of on user credentials. To grant or deny access to specific computers, groups of computers, or domains, click Edit under IP Address and Domain Name Restrictions.
  7. In the IP Address and Domain Name Restrictions dialog box that is displayed, complete one of the following procedures:
    • To grant access:
      1. Click Denied Access, and then click Add.
      2. In the Grant Access On dialog box, select the option that you want, and then click OK.

        The computer, group of computers, or domain that you selected is added to the Granted list.

        -or-
    • To deny access:
      1. Click Granted Access, and then click Add.
      2. In the Deny Access On dialog box that is displayed, specify the option that you want, and then click OK.

        The computer, group of computers, or domain that you specified is added to the Denied list.
    • Click OK.
  8. Click OK, and then quit IIS Manager or the IIS snap-in.

How to Manage Printers by Using a Web Browser

To manage printers by using a Web browser, follow these steps:
  1. In Internet Explorer or any other browser, complete any of the following procedures:
    • To view a list of printers that are located on the print server, type the following address, where print_server is the name of the print server:
      http://print_server/printers/
      For example, to view a list of all the printers that are located on a print server that is named "MyPrintServer," type the following:
      http://myprintserver/printers/
      A list of all the printers on the print server is displayed in your browser window. In the list of available printers, click the name of the printer that you want to manage.

      -or-
    • To view a specific printer's Web page, type the address of the printer by using the following format, where print_server is the name of the print server and printer is the name the printer:
      http://print_server/printer/
      For example, if you want to go directly the page of a printer that is named "Laser" and which is shared from a server that is named "MyPrintServer," type the following address:
      http://myprintserver/laser/
  2. On the Printer on the Print_server page, click the links that are displayed in the left pane to view more information about the printer or to perform a printer or a document action.

How to Connect to a Printer by Using a Web Browser

To connect to a printer by using a Web browser, follow these steps:
  1. Start Internet Explorer.
  2. In the Address box, type the address of the printer:
    • If you do not know the name of the printer that you want to connect to, type the following address, where print_server is the name of the print server:
      http://print_server/printers/
      For example, to view a list of all of the printers that are located on a print server that is named "MyPrintServer," type the following address:
      http://myprintserver/printers/
      A list of all the printers on the print server appears. In the list of available printers, click the name of the printer that you want to connect to.

      -or-
    • If you know the name of the printer that you want to connect to, type the address of the printer by using the following format, where print_server is the name of the print server and printer is the name of the printer:
      http://print_server/printer/
      For example, if you want to go directly to the page of a printer that is named "Laser" and which is shared from a server that is named "MyPrintServer," type the following address:
      http://MyPrintServer/Laser/
  3. To connect to the printer, click Connect under Printer Actions.
When you connect to the printer, the print server downloads the appropriate printer driver to your computer. After the installation is complete, the printer's icon is added to the Printers folder on your computer. You can use, monitor, and administer the printer as if it were attached to your computer.

Properties

Article ID: 323428 - Last Review: December 3, 2007 - Revision: 7.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, 64-Bit Datacenter Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
Keywords: 
kbfileprintservices kbhowtomaster kbprint KB323428

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