????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 325379 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ?????? Windows 2000. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee522994 (WS.10).aspx #

????? ???????? ????????

??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ???? Windows 2000? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??????? ?? ????? SMB:

    ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? SMB. ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? SMB/CIFS ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????? SMB. ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????? SMB ??? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? SMB. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? SMB? ???? "?????? ????? SMB??? "?? ????? ??? ??????.

    ??? ???????

    ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? SMB ??????:
    • ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Microsoft Windows XP Professional? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 Server? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 98

      ???? ???? ???? ?????.
    • ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0

      ????? ???? ?????? service Pack 3 ?? ???? (Service Pack 6A ????????) ??? ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? SMB ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ???? ????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? SMB? ???? "?????? ????? SMB??? "?? ????? ??? ??????.
    • ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 95

      ????? Windows 9xx???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 95 ?? ?????? ????? ????? SMB ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003. Win9 ??????x????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 Server. ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? Win9 ????x???? ???? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? SMB? ???? "?????? ????? SMB??? "?? ????? ??? ??????.
    • ???? ????? ????? Microsoft ??????? MS-DOS ? Microsoft LAN Manager

      ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? Microsoft ? MS-DOS ????? ???? ??????? ? Microsoft LAN Manager 2.x ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? SMB. ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? SMB. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? SMB? ???? "?????? ????? SMB??? "?? ????? ??? ??????.
    • ????? ???????

      ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? SMB? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????:
      -?????/????? ?????-36
      ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ?????? ????? SMB ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? SMB? ???? "?????? ????? SMB??? "?? ????? ??? ??????.
    • ????? SMB ?????? ??????

      ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? SMB ????? SMB. ???? ???? SMB ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????. ????? ?? ?????? ????? SMB ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003.
    ?????? ????? SMB

    ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 95? Windows NT 4.0? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003? ???? ???? ???? SMB ????? ??????? ?? "??? ????????" ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????.

    ????? ????? ???? SMB ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? "????? ?????? ??????? ?????????" ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ??????:
    ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? Policies\Security Options\Microsoft ???? ???? ???????: ????????? ?????? (??????)
    ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? "??? ????????" (GPO) ????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ????? ???? SMB ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????????.
  2. ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????:
    1. ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????.

      ???? Microsoft ?????? ???? ????? ???? Windows 2000 Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 (SP4) ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 SP4 ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? Windows 2000??? ??????? ??? Ntdsa.dll ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? 2001? ? 5.0.2195.3673.????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      331161????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? adprep/Forestprep ??? ???? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003
      ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ????????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??????? Windows XP ?? Windows 2000 SP4 ????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (LDAP). ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? (?? ?????? ???) ?????? NTLM ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????. ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? Windows 2000 SP3. ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? LDAP ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???????.?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? LDAP? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      325465????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003
      ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? NTLM:
      • ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? NTLM (??? Kerberos) ?????.
      • ??????? ???????? Microsoft Management Console (MMC) ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? IP ????? ??. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ??????:
        dsa.msc/server = ipaddress
      ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? "Active Directory" ?? ???? "Active Directory"? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003 Repadmin.exe ??? ???? ??????? ??? Windows XP Professional ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ???????repadmin????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????:
      > repadmin/showattr??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????ncobj:domain:/filter:"(&(objectCategory=computer)(primaryGroupID=516))" /??????/atts:operatingSystem? ???????????????????????? ??????????????????????????

      DN: CN = ?????? ????????? NA DC 01 = "????? ???? ??????" DC = ??????? ? DC = com
      1> ????????????????: ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003
      1> ???????????????????????: 5.2 (3718)
      DN: CN = ?????? ????????? NA DC 02 = "????? ???? ??????" DC = ??????? ? DC = com

      1> ????????????????: Windows 2000 Server
      1> ???????????????????????: 5.0 (2195)
      1> ??????????????????????????: ???? ?????? service Pack 1
      ??????: ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????.
    2. ?????? ?? ????? ???????? "???? active Directory" ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????.

      ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????. ??????? ????? Windows Server 2003 Repadmin.exe ??? Windows XP-?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????: ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? "???? active Directory" ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? "???? ????" ??????? repadmin ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????.

      ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? (???? ???????? 60 ????) ??? ????? (???). ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? Ntdsutil ??????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????.????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      216498????? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????
      ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????. ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????.

      ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???? "???? active Directory" ???? ????? ?????????????????????? ??????. ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? 60 ???? ???????.

      ????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? 60 ???? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? "Active Directory" ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? Ntdsutil ??????. ???? ????? ????? ?? Microsoft PSS ?????? ??? ?????? ??????.
    3. ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?????? Sysvol ???????.

      ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ???????. ????? ??????? Gpotool.exe ?? "?????? ?????" ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????. ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? Sysvol ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ????.

      ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? Sysvol? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????.
    4. ?????? ?????? Dcdiag.exe ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? Netlogon ??????? Sysvol. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
      ?????.EXE/e/test:frssysvol
    5. ??? ????? ????????.

      ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? Windows Server 2003????? adprep?????? ????????. ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?????.

      "DCDIAG/test:FSMOCHECK????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? NTDSUTIL. ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??????. ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????. "NETDOM FSMO ???????????? ????? ????? FSMO ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????????.

      ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? "Active Directory" ??? ??????? ??????. ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ????????REPADMIN/SHOWREPS???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? NetBIOS ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????.?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      197132????? FSMO ?????? ? Windows 2000 ???
      223346???? FSMO ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???? "Active Directory"
    6. ?????? ??? ???????

      ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ????????? ???????:
      ??????? ??????
      ??????? ???????
      ??? ???????
      ????? ?????
      ????????
      ??? ????????
      ??? ??????
      ?????? ?????? ?????
      ????
      ??????????
      ???? ????? ????????
    7. ????? ????? ?????

      ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? "???? active Directory"? Ntds.dit? ????? ??? ????? 15 20% ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? Ntds.dit. ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? "???? active Directory" ????? ??? ????? 15 20% ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? Ntds.dit. ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? "???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????" ?? ??? ???????.
    8. DNS ????? (???????)

      ????? ????? DNS ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? DNS ?? ?????? ????????. ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? 61 ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???????. ???? ???? DNS ????? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????-??????? ???????? DNS ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? Ntds.dit.
    9. ????? ???? ???? DLT (???????)

      ?? ????? ???? ???? DLT ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003. ??? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???? DLT ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? DLT ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? "?????? Microsoft ???? ???????? ??????" ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      312403???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? Windows
    10. ????? ????????? ????? ??????

      ??? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????. ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???????.

Microsoft Exchange 2000 ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000

???????
  • ??? ?? ????? Exchange 2000 Server? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep?????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003? ????? ??? "???? ????: ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003??? "??? ?? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003????? adprep?????.
???? ?????? Exchange 2000 ?????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?? ???-??? ????????? (RFC)-?????? ?? ????????????????:????????????,secretary? ???????????.

InetOrgPerson Windows 2000 ?????? ????? ? Windows Server 2003????? adprep????? ????? ????? RFC ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??-RFC.

??? ??????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? Windows 2000 ? Exchange 2000 ??????? ??????? ????????????????????????????,??????????? ?secretary???? ?? ???? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ???? "????" ??? ?? ????? "Dup" ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????.


?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???????????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ??? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ??? ????? ???? Exchange 2000.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ???? Exchange 2000 ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? Windows 2000? ?? ????? ??????? ???? Exchange 2000? ??? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep?????.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ???? Exchange 2000 ??? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ??????? ?? ?????? Exchange 2003/forestprep ??? ????? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep Windows Server 2003.
????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? Windows 2000 ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ??? ??? ?????? ??????? Exchange 2000????????????????????????secretary???? ??? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? ????? inetOrgPerson Windows 2000 ??????.
  • ????? ??????? Exchange 2000????????????????????????secretary???? ??? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? ?? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????.
???? ??????? ????? ??? ???????:

????????? 1: ??????? ???? Exchange 2000 ???? ??? ????? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep Windows Server 2003

??? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???? Exchange 2000 ??? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ????? ??? "???? ????: ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003"????.

????????? 2: ???? ????? ??????? ???? Exchange 2000 ??? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep Windows Server 2003

??? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? Exchange 2000 ?????? ??? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ???????:
  1. ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? "????? ??????".
  2. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???notepad.exe?????????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
  3. ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? "????????????: 1" ??? "???????".
    dn: CN = ms-????-?????-???? CN = ??????? CN = ?????? DC = X
    ??????????: ?????
    ???????: ???????????????
    ???????????????: ???????????????????
    -

    dn: CN = ms-????-??????????? CN = ????? CN = ?????? DC = X
    ??????????: ?????
    ???????: ???????????????
    ???????????????: ?????????????????
    -

    dn: CN = ms-????-????-????? CN = ??????? CN = ?????? DC = X
    ??????????: ?????
    ???????: ???????????????
    ???????????????: ??????????????????
    -

    dn:
    ??????????: ?????
    ?????: ????????????
    ????????????: 1
    -
  4. ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???.
  5. ?????????????? ???? ??????. ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???:
      \%userprofile%\InetOrgPersonPrevent.ldf
    2. ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????.
    3. ???????? ???? ???Unicode.
    4. ???? ??????.
    5. ?? ?????? ?????? "???????".
  6. ????? ???????? ????? InetOrgPersonPrevent.ldf.
    1. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???cmd?????????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
    2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER:
      ????? ???????% userprofile%
    3. ???? ????? ??????
      c:\documents and settings\%username%>ldifde-i-f inetorgpersonprevent.ldf-v-c DC = X "???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????"
      ??????? ???? ??????:
      • DC = X ???? ????? ????? ??????.
      • ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????.
      ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????????.????? COM:
      c:\documents and settings\administrator> ldifde-i-f inetorgpersonprevent.ldf-v-c DC = X "dc = ???????????? dc = com"
      ???????? ????? ??? ?????
      ????? ?????? ????? ???
      ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????:
      ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? DC ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? FSMO.
      ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
      285172????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? "Active Directory"
  7. ???? ?? ?? ???????????????? CN = ms-????-?????-???? CN = ms-????-??????????? ? CN = ???? ms-????-??????-???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep?????.
  8. ????? ??? "???? ????: ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003"???? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep?/domainprep?????.

????????? 3: ?? ????? ????? forestprep Windows Server 2003 ??? ?????????????????? ??? ??????? ?????

??? ??? ?????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep????? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? Exchange 2000? ???? ???????????????????????????,secretary? ??????????????? ?? ???? ???? ????. ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? Ldp.exe ?????? ???? ?????? ????????:
  1. ????? Ldp.exe ?? ?????? support\tools ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? Windows Server 2003.
  2. ?? ?????? Ldp.exe ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????.
    1. ???????????????? ???? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ????389??????????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
    2. ???????????????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
  3. ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????????????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? CORP.??????.???? COM? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? CN ??????? CN = = ?????? DC = corp? DC ??????? ? DC = = com.
  4. ?????????????????? ???? ????????.
  5. ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????:
    • DN: ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? 3.
    • ???? ???????: (??????????????? = dup *)
    • ??????: ?????? ???????
  6. ?? ???? ????????????????,secretary? ????????????? ???? ??????????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????:
    ???????????????: DUP-labeledURI-9591bbd3-d2a6-4669-afda-48af7c35507d;
    ???????????????: DUP-secretary-c5a1240d-70c0-455c-9906-a4070602f85f
    ???????????????: DUP-houseIdentifier-354b0ca8-9b6c-4722-aae7-e66906cc9eef
  7. ??? ???????????????? ???????????,secretary? ??????????????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? Windows Server 2003 InetOrgPersonFix.ldf ????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? 6? "????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ???????? Winnt32.exe"????.
    1. ????? ???? ????% Systemdrive%\IOP? ??? ???????? ????? InetOrgPersonFix.ldf ??? ??? ??????.
    2. ?? ???? ???????? ????%systemdrive%\iop ????? ???????.
    3. ??????? ????? InetOrgPersonFix.ldf ?? ????? Support.cab ??????? ?? ?????? support\tools ??????? ?? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003.
    4. ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? InetOrgPersonFix.ldf ???????? Ldifde.exe ????????????????????????????????????,secretary? ???????????????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? <x>?????? ????? ????? ?????? ? <dn path="" for="" forest="" root="" domain="">?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????:</dn></x>
      C:\IOP>ldifde-i-f inetorgpersonfix.ldf-v-c DC = X "???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????"
      ??????? ???? ??????:
      • DC = X ???? ????? ????? ??????.
      • ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????.
  8. ????????????????,secretary? ????????????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? "????" ??? ????? Exchange 2000.
?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ? UNIX ??????? 2.0? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
293783?? ???? ????? ???? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?????? Windows ? UNIX 2.0 ??????

???? ????: ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003????? adprep????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003. Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep???? ????? ??????? ???????:
  • ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????
  • ????? ???????? ????????? ???????
  • ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????
"????? adprep???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????:
/forestprep ????? adprep: ????? ?????? ??????? ??????.
????? adprep/domainprep: ????? ?????? ??????? ??????.
"/forestprep ????? adprep????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? (FSMO) ?????? ????. "forestprep??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????????? adprep/domainprep?? ??? ??????.

"????? adprep/domainprep????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003. "????? adprep/domainprep?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??forestprep?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? Sysvol.

?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ?? ???/forestprep???/domainprep????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????:
  • ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ???????? Winnt32.exe.

    ??????: ????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ???? ????.
  • ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? Dcpromo.exe.
?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??/forestprep ????? adprep?????? adprep/domainprep. ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????????? adprep/domainprep.

"/forestprep ????? adprep???????? adprep/domainprep?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????. ????? RTM????? adprep/domainprep???? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????\Policies ?? ???? Sysvol. ??? ??? ??? ??????forestprep????????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???.

??? ????? ??/forestprep ????? adprep?????? adprep/domainprep??? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ????? Winnt32.exe ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? Windows Server 2003. ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? Dcpromo.exe.

????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep

?????? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ?????:
  1. ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? "?????? ???????" ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????:
    1. ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????????.
    2. ???? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????.
    3. ???? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ? "Active Directory" ???? ??????
    4. ??? FRS ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ????.
  2. ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? "????? ??????".
  3. ???? ?? ?? ?????? FSMO ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? Windows NT:
    repadmin/showreps
    (repadmin??? ????? ??????? support\tools ??????? ?? "Active Directory".)
  4. ?????? ????? Microsoft ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep. ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????.
  5. ?????????? adprep?? ???? ???????? ???????. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???cmd? ?? ???? ????????. ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????
    X:\I386\/forestprep ????? adprep
    ???X:\I386\?? ?????? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????.

    ??????????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? "???? ??????"? ??? ????? ????? ?? 1153 ???? ?????:

    ??? ?????: ???
    ???? ?????: NTDS ???
    ??? ?????: ???????? ????????
    ???? ?????: 1153
    ???????: MM/DD/YYYY
    ?????: hh: mm: AM|?
    ????????: ?????? ?????????:<some dc=""></some>
    ?????: ????? ???? ????? (????? ??? ?????-??????????????????????) 655562 ????? ??????? ??? ???? 655560. ?? ????? ???????.

  6. ????/forestprep ????? adprep???? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????:
    • "/forestprep ????? adprep????? ????? ???? ?????.
    • CN = Windows2003Update ????? ???? ??? CN = ?????????????? CN = ?????? DC =forest_root_domain. ????? ???? ????? ????????.
    • (???????) ????? ?????? ????? ????? 30. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ObjectVersion ??? CN = ????? CN = ?????? DC =forest_root_domain.
    ??? ???/forestprep ????? adprep?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????:
    • ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? Adprep.exe ??????? ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? ??????? ???????? adprep?? ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????:
      x:\i386\adprep/forestprep
      ???x?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????.
    • ???????? ???? ???? ??????????? adprep??? ??????? ??????? ???? "????? ??????". ?????? ?? ???? ??????whoami/?????????.
    • ??? ???????? adprep?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? Adprep.log ??%systemroot%\System32\Debug\Adprep\Logs\Latest_log??????.
  7. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? 4? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????/forestprep ????? adprep????? ???. ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???cmd? ?? ???? ????????.
    2. ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER:
      repadmin/??????-DISABLE_OUTBOUND_REPL
  8. ????/forestprep ????? adprep?? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ????. ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????:
    1. ????? ????? ??????
    2. CN Windows2003Update? CN = = ?????????????? CN = ?????? DC =forest_root_domain?? CN = ????????? CN = ????????????? CN = ??????? DC =forest_root_domain??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? GUIDs ???? ??.
    3. ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ????/forestprep ????? adprep????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????. ??? ?? ?XX?????.ldf (???XX??? ??? 30 ? 14) ??%systemroot%\System32 ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? Sch18.ldf.
  9. ???? ?? ???????????????? ????.

    ?? ???? ????? Exchange 2000 ??? ????? Windows Server 2003/forestprep ????? adprep?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
    314649???? ?????/forestprep ????? adprep Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? Windows 2000 ???? ????? ??? ?????? Exchange 2000
    ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ??? 3 ????????? ?? ??? ??????.
  10. ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? "????????? ????" ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????.

????? ?????? ?????? ?????/domainprep ????? adprep

?????????? adprep/domainprep???/forestprep????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? Domain Admins ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????????.

    ??????: ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? Domain Admins ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ????.
  2. ?????????? adprep/domainprep??? ?????? ????????. ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???cmd? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????:
    X:\I386\adprep/domainprep
    ??? X:\I386\?? ???? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????.

    ??????:????? adprep/domainprep????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? Sysvol. ????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???.
  3. ??????????????? ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????:
    • "????? adprep/domainprep????? ????? ???? ?????.
    • CN = Windows2003Update? CN = ????????????? CN = ??????? ???? ???? ?????? =???? dn ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????????
    ??? ???????? adprep/domainprep?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????:
    • ???????? ???? ???? ??????????? adprep????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? Domain Admins ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ????. ?????? ????? ??????whoami/?????????.
    • ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? Adprep.exe ??????? ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????????? adprep. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????:
      x:\i386\adprep/forestprep
      ???x?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????.
    • ??? ???????? adprep?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? Adprep.log ??%systemroot%\System32\Debug\Adprep\Logs\Latest_log??????.
  4. ????????? adprep/domainprep?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????. ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????:
    • CN = Windows2003Update? CN = ????????????? CN = ??????? ???? ???? ?????? =???? dn ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????.
    • (???????) ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? (ACL) ????????? adprep/domainprep?????.
    ??? ??????? ?? 1-4 ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? DC ?? ??? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003. ???? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?????? ???? ???????? DCPROMO. ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ???????? WINNT32.EXE.

????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ???????? Winnt32.exe

??? ????? ??/forestprep?/domainprep????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??? ??????.

??? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?????? ?? ?? ????:
  • ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? DNS.
  • ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? Windows Server 2003forestprep???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ACL.
  • ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? Windows 2003 ??????? ??????.
?????? ????? ?????? WINNT32 ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?????. ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? WINNT32 ???? ?????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????:
  1. ??? ??????? WINNT32 ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? Windows 2000. ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? "?????/????? ???????" ?? "???? ??????". (???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ???.)
  2. ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? Microsoft ?? ??????? ???.
  3. ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? ???????:
    winnt32.exe/checkupgradeonly
    ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????.
  4. ???? WINNT32.EXE ?? ?????? I386 ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? 2003 ????? ???? ???? ??????.
  5. ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????.

    ??? ?? ??? ????? Windows NT 4.0 NT 4.0 SP6 ?? ??? ???? ????? Windows 95 ????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???? SMB ????? ??? ??? "????? ?????? ??????? ?????????" ??? "????? ?????? ???????" ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????.
    ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? Policies\Security Options\Microsoft ???? ???? ???????: ????????? ?????? (??????)
  6. ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????:
    • ??????? ?????.
    • ??????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????.
    • ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????.
    • ???? ??????? Netlogon ? Sysvol.
    • ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????.

      ??????: ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???????:

      ??? ?????: ???
      ???? ?????: ????? ????????? NTDS
      ??? ?????: ????? ?????????
      ???? ?????: 1913
      ???????:?????
      ?????: HH:MM:SSAM|?
      ????????: n/A
      ?????????:??? ?????????
      ?????: ??? ?????: ????? ????????? "???? active Directory" ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????. ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???.

      ????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????.
  7. ?? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ??????? ???????? (????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ???). ??? Adminpak.msi ??\i386 ??????? ???? media Windows Server 2003. ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? Support\Tools\Suptools.msi. ???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????.
  8. ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? Windows 2000 ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ???? ??? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003 ????.
  9. (???????) ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? (SIS) (????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ???).

    SIS ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? "Active Directory"? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????????. ???? SIS ???????? (??????? ?????? ????? 1953 ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????) ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????. ????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? 1966 ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????:

    ??? ?????: ???????
    ???? ?????: ?????? NTDS
    ??? ?????: ???????? ????????
    ???? ?????: 1966
    ???????: MM/DD/YYYY
    ?????: hh: mm: AM|?
    ????????: ????? ???? NT AUTHORITY\ANONYMOUS
    ?????????:<computername></computername>
    ?????: ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????.
    ??????? ??????? (???? ????):
    ??????? ????? XX (???? ????): XX

    ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? "Active Directory".
    ????? ????????: ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? "Active Directory". ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? http://support.microsoft.com.

    ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? Ntds.dit ??????? NTDSUTIL.EXE.

    ????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? Windows 2000 Ntds.dit ????? ??? ??? 40% ????? ???? "???? active Directory" ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? "?????? ?????".????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? "???? Active directory" ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
    232122????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? "Active Directory"
  10. ???? ???? ???? DLT. ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ???? ???? DLT ??? ????? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? Windows 2000 ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? DLT? ??????? "??? ????????" ?????? ???? ???? DLT ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? Windows Server 2003. ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? "Active Directory" ??????.????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
    312403???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? Windows
    315229??????? ????? ?? Dltpurge.vbs ?????? "????? ????? Microsoft" Q312403
    ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? DLT ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ???????. ???????????????????????????? ???? (???? ???????? 60 ????) ??? ??? ???? DLT ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? NTDSUTIL.EXE ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? Ntds.dit.
  11. ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ???? Microsoft ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? "Active Directory"? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ??? ???? Windows? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? APIs ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???????.

    ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? "????? ????????? ???? ???????" ????? ?????? "???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? Windows ???????". ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb727085.aspx
    ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? APIs ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
    324949????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? Windows Server 2003
  12. ??? ??????? ?? 1 ??? 10 ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? Windows Server 2003 ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? 11 (???? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????????) ??? ???? "Active Directory".

    ?? ????:
    • ????? ????? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ?? WINNT32 (?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????)
    • ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ???????
    • ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????
    • ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? (??? AD? FRS? ???)
    • ????? 24 ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? defrag (???????)
    • ??? ????? ???? DLT ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? DLT ???????? q312403/q315229 ??? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????
    • ????? defrag 60 + ???? ??? ????? (????? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? # ????) ??? ??? ?????? DLT

?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????

??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows ??? ???? Windows 2000 ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????. ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ???????: ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ? raid? BIOS ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????
  • ???????: ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????
  • ?????? ???????? ??????: ????? ?????????? WINS? DHCP? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????
  • ?????: ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? Active Directory ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????. ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? (????????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????) ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????????.
  • ???????: ????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????
  • ???????: ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????
  • ????? ?????: ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? Ntds.dit ? Active Directory ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ???????:
    1. /forestprep ????? adprep
    2. ????? adprep/domainprep
    3. ????? ????? ???? ?????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003
    4. ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???????
?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????. ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? "Active Directory" ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? (WAN) ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????? ???. ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? "Active Directory". ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????.

?????? ???????? "??????? ????????" ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????:
  • ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????.
  • ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??.
  • ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???????.
  • ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????.

????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????

??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? Ntds.dit ??????:
  1. ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ????? *.tmp ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? (???? ??? ENTER ??? ?? ???):
    /d ????? ??????????? ???????\
    del *.tmp/s
  2. ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???????. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? (???? ??? ENTER ??? ?? ???):
    /d ????? ??????????? ???????\
    del *.dmp/s
  3. ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ????. ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????%systemroot%\System32\Dllcache.
  4. ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????. ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????.
  5. ??? ?????? ??% systemroot%\Symbols. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????:
    rd/s%systemroot%\symbols
    ???????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? 70 ???????? ?????? ??? 600 ???? ????.
  6. ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????. ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? Ntds.dit ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????. ????? defrag ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????. ?? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????. ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????? DNS ??????? DLT ?? "Active Directory".

    ??????: ??? ???? Active directory ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????????????????????? ????? ??? ???? (???? ???????? 60 ????) ??????? ????? ???????? ???????. ??? ??? ?????????????????????????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? "Active Directory".

?????

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
821076????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? Windows 2000

???????

???? ???????: 325379 - ????? ??? ??????: 20/???? ?????/1432 - ??????: 0.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter Edition (32-Bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition (32-Bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 Standard x64 Edition
????? ??????: 
kbinfo kbmt KB325379 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????325379

????? ???????

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com