ACLs ???????? MetaACL ?? ????? ??????? ACL ??????? ??? ???

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 326902 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????????? "??? ???????/??????? ?????" ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? Microsoft (MMC).
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? "????? ???? ??????" (ACLs) ?? Microsoft ???? ??????? ?????? (IIS) 4.0 ?? ????? ??????? Microsoft ????? ??????? ?????? (IIS) 5.0. ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ACLs ??? ??? ???? (Metabase.bin) ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ACL ?? ?????? ????.

?????? ??? Metabase.bin ?? ???? X.500 ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? (LDAP) ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? Parent\Child. ????? ACLs ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????.

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ACLs ?? ????? ????? IIS ????? ????? ACLs ? ACLs ????????? ?? IIS 4.0 ? IIS 5.0.

??????? ????

????? ?????? ???????

????? ???

?? ????? ??????? ? ACLs ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? Metabase.bin. ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ACLs:
  • access_allowed_ace
  • access_denied_ace
???? Microsoft ???????? ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE ??? ???? ?? Microsoft ?????? ACCESS_DENIED_ACE ???? ????.

???? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ACL ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? MD_ADMIN_ACL ? ????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? Adsutil ? Mdutil ????? ??????? ?????????.

?????? ????????

??? ????? ????? ??????? ACLs ?????? ??????? ??????:
  • MD_ACR_UNSECURE_PROPS_READ: ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????.
  • MD_ACR_READ: ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.
  • MD_ACR_ENUM_KEYS: ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???????.
  • MD_ACR_WRITE_DAC: ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? AdminACL ?? ???? ???????.
  • MD_ACR_WRITE: ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? (??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????) ????? ???????? ????? ????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????.
  • MD_ACR_RESTRICTED_WRITE: ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??????.

????? ACLs

????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? Microsoft ?? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????. ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????.

?????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????.

?????? ACLs ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? Metaacl.vbs. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft:
267904????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? IIS Metaacl.exe
???? ??? ?????? ????? w3svc ???? ???? ?????????.

????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? IIS. ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????????.
  1. ??? ??? Metaacl.vbs ??? ?????? %systemdrive%\Inetpub\Adminscripts.
  2. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? CMD ?? ?? ???? ??? "?????" ???? ???? ???????.
  3. ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? Adminscripts:
    c:\cd Inetpub\Adminscripts
    					
  4. ????? ???????? ???????? ?? IIS: / / LOCALHOST/W3SVC ? ?? ?????? ????? ??????: c:\Inetpub\Adminscripts
    c:\Inetpub\Adminscripts>cscript metaacl.vbs IIS://LOCALHOST/W3SVC mydomain\mydomainaccount RW
    
    					
    ???? ????????? ???????:
    ACE ?? mydomain\mydomainaccount ?????.
????? ??????? Metaacl.vbs ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????:
  • R ?????
  • W ???????
  • S ????? ????
  • U ????? ????? ????? ?????
  • E ????? ????????
  • D ????? DACL (????????)

ACLs ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????

IIS 4.0

  • ACLs ????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ACLs ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? Metabase.bin ??? ????? IIS 4.0:
    LM -
       W3SVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E
       MSFTPSVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E
       SMTPSVC  
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E
       NNTPSVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E
    					
  • ACLs ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? IIS 4.0:
    MD_ADMIN_ACL
    MD_APP_ISOLATED
    MD_VR_PATH
    MD_ACCESS_PERM
    MD_ANONYMOUS_USER_NAME
    MD_ANONYMOUS_PWD
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH_BLOCKED
    MD_ISM_ACCESS_CHECK
    MD_FILTER_LOAD_ORDER
    MD_FILTER_STATE
    MD_FILTER_ENABLED
    MD_FILTER_DESCRIPTION
    MD_FILTER_FLAGS
    MD_FILTER_IMAGE_PATH
    MD_SECURE_BINDINGS
    MD_SERVER_BINDINGS
    					

IIS 5.0

  • ACLs ????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ACLs ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? Metabase.bin ??? ????? IIS 5.0:
    LM - 
       W3SVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E 
          {IISMachineName}\VS Developers
            Access: RWSUE 
       MSFTPSVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E
       SMTPSVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E 
       NNTPSVC
          BUILTIN\Administrators
            Access: RWSUED
          Everyone
            Access:     E 
    					
  • ACLs ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? IIS 5.0:
    MD_ADMIN_ACL
    MD_APP_ISOLATED
    MD_VR_PATH
    MD_ACCESS_PERM
    MD_ANONYMOUS_USER_NAME
    MD_ANONYMOUS_PWD
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH_BLOCKED
    MD_ISM_ACCESS_CHECK
    MD_FILTER_LOAD_ORDER
    MD_FILTER_STATE
    MD_FILTER_ENABLED
    MD_FILTER_DESCRIPTION
    MD_FILTER_FLAGS
    MD_FILTER_IMAGE_PATH
    MD_SECURE_BINDINGS
    MD_SERVER_BINDINGS
    					

IIS 6.0

  • Default ACLs The following list describes the default ACLs that are put in the Metabase.xml directory when IIS 6.0 is installed:
    LM ? 
         W3SVC 
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE 
    	  Access: R UE 
    	NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE 
    	  Access: R UE 
    	{computername}\IIS_WPG 
               Access: R UE 
            BUILTIN\Administrators 
               Access: RWSUED
            {computername}\ASPNET
               Access: R   E 
         W3SVC/Filters
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE
               Access: RW UE
            NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVIC
               Access: RW UE
            {computername}\IIS_WPG
               Access: RW UE
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
         W3SVC/1/Filters
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE
               Access: RW UE
            NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVIC
               Access: RW UE
            {computername}\IIS_WPG
               Access: RW UE
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
         W3SVC/AppPools
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE
               Access:    U
            NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE
               Access:    U
           {computername}\IIS_WPG
               Access:    U
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
         W3SVC/INFO
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
         MSFTPSVC 
            BUILTIN\Administrators 
               Access: RWSUED 
         SMTPSVC 
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE
               Access:    UE
            NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE
               Access:    UE
         NNTPSVC
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED
            NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE
               Access:    UE
            NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE
               Access:    UE
         Logging
            BUILTIN\Administrators
               Access: RWSUED 
    						
  • Restricted ACLs The following list describes the metabase key properties that are marked as restricted on default installations of IIS 6.0:
    MD_ADMIN_ACL
    MD_VPROP_ADMIN_ACL_RAW_BINARY
    MD_APPPOOL_ORPHAN_ACTION_EXE
    MD_APPPOOL_ORPHAN_ACTION_PARAMS
    MD_APPPOOL_AUTO_SHUTDOWN_EXE
    MD_APPPOOL_AUTO_SHUTDOWN_PARAMS
    MD_APPPOOL_IDENTITY_TYPE
    MD_APP_APPPOOL_ID
    MD_APP_ISOLATED
    MD_VR_PATH
    MD_ACCESS_PERM
    MD_VR_USERNAME
    MD_VR_PASSWORD
    MD_ANONYMOUS_USER_NAME
    MD_ANONYMOUS_PWD
    MD_LOGSQL_USER_NAME
    MD_LOGSQL_PASSWORD
    MD_WAM_USER_NAME
    MD_WAM_PWD
    MD_AD_CONNECTIONS_USERNAME
    MD_AD_CONNECTIONS_PASSWORD
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH
    MD_MAX_BANDWIDTH_BLOCKED
    MD_ISM_ACCESS_CHECK
    MD_FILTER_LOAD_ORDER
    MD_FILTER_ENABLED
    MD_FILTER_IMAGE_PATH
    MD_SECURE_BINDINGS
    MD_SERVER_BINDINGS
    MD_ASP_ENABLECLIENTDEBUG
    MD_ASP_ENABLESERVERDEBUG
    MD_ASP_ENABLEPARENTPATHS
    MD_ASP_ERRORSTONTLOG
    MD_ASP_KEEPSESSIONIDSECURE
    MD_ASP_LOGERRORREQUESTS
    MD_ASP_DISKTEMPLATECACHEDIRECTORY
    36948 RouteUserName
    36949 RoutePassword
    36958 SmtpDsPassword
    41191 Pop3DsPassword
    45461 FeedAccountName
    45462 FeedPassword
    49384 ImapDsPassword
    						

?????

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ACLs ????? ????? IIS ?????? ????? Microsoft ??????? ??? ?????:
AdminACL
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/791d575e-5364-45a9-90ef-4dfd23f38d67.mspx

????? ??? ????? ????? IIS
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windowsserver2003/library/iis/43a51d34-7c81-413b-9727-ec9a19d0b428.mspx

???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? IIS
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/iisbook/c01_iis_administration_objects.mspx

???????

???? ???????: 326902 - ????? ??? ??????: 23/?? ??????/1428 - ??????: 6.6
????? ???
  • Microsoft Internet Information Services 6.0
  • Microsoft Internet Information Services 5.0
  • Microsoft Windows NT version 4.0 Option Pack
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowtomaster kbinfo KB326902 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????326902

????? ???????

 

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