???????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 37242 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? MS-DOS ??? ????? ????????? ? PS/2. ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ???????.

???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? "????? ???????," ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????. ?????? ?????? ??????? "????? ?? ???????," ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????. ???? ?????? "???????" ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????????. ??? ??? ?????? "?????? ???????" ? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ?????? ?????? "??????? ?? ?" ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???????.

??????? ????

???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???????: ?????????? ???????, EMS ? XMA ? XMS. ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ? ??? ???? ?????; ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????.

????? ???????

???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? (?????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????):
    32M +--------------------------------------------+
        |                                            |
        | expanded memory board                      | ----+
        |                                            |     |
      0 +--------------------------------------------+     |
                                                           |
                                                           |
        +------------------------------------------- +     |
        |                                            |     |
        | built-in memory                            |     |
        |                                            |     |
    nM* +--------------------------------------------+     |
        |                                            |     |
        | extended memory (1M-nM*)                   |     |
        |                                            |     |
        +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +     |
        |                                            |     |
        | high memory area (FFFF:0010-FFFF:FFFFh)    |     |
        |                                            |     |
     1M +--------------------------------------------+     |
        |                                            |     |
        | upper memory area (640K-1M)                |     |
        |                                            |     |
        +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +     |
        |                                            |     |
        | expanded memory page frame (64K)           | <---+
        |                                            |
        +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
        |                                            |
   640K +--------------------------------------------+
        |                                            |
        | extended BIOS data area (1K)               |
        |                                            |
   639K +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
        |                                            |
        | conventional memory (0K-640K)              |
        |                                            |
      0 +--------------------------------------------+

        +--------------------------------------------+
        |                                            |
        | IBM expanded memory adapter (XMA)          |
        |                                            |
        +--------------------------------------------+

* nM = 16 MB on an 80286, 4 gigabytes on an 80386
				

????? ?? ???????

  • ??????? ??????????

    ???? ????? 8086 Intel ????? 1 ???????? ?? ???????. (????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??????.) ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? (UMA) ??? ????????? ?????? PS/2.

    ????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???? K 640 ???? 0 ??????? "??????". ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? MS-DOS ?????? ????????? ??????.

    ??? UMA 640 ????- 1 ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ? BIOS ROM. ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? EMS ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? BIOS ROM ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????.
  • ??????? ???????

    ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? 80286 80386 ???. ???? ??? ??????? ??? 1 ????????. ??? ????? 80286 ???? ?????? ?? 16 ???? ????; ??? ????? 80386 ???? ?????? 4 ????????. ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? (RAMDrive SMARTDrive ? VDISK ? EMM386.SYS ? XMAEM.SYS HIMEM.SYS).

    ??????? ??????? (BIM) ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??? Compaq ?????? ??? ?????? 80386 OEM. ????? ??? ??????? 1 ???????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? K 384 ?????? ?? "??????? ???????" ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? UMA ?????? ???? K 384 ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? HIMEM.SYS ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ???????. (????? ???? OEM ????? ?? ???? ???? 384 ? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???. ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????.)
  • ??????? EMS

    ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? EMS ??????? ??? 32 ???????? ? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ?? Intel ?????? 80 x 86 ??? ????? ????? 16 ? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? UMA.

    ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? UMA, ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? 16 ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????. ????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? (??? EMM386.SYS) ? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? (??? ??? ??????? ??????? / X Fastopen / X SMARTDrive ? RAMDrive ? VDISK ? MSCDEX ? Windows) ???????? ????????? (??? Excel ? ????????? ?? ?????).

    ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? 80386 ??????? ?????? 80386 ??????? EMS memory ??? ????? ????? 16 ? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? UMA. EMM386 ? QEMM ? 386MAX ????? ?? ??? ????????.
  • ??????? XMA

    ???? ????? ????? IBM (XMA) ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? IBM (?? ???????) XMA ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???????.
  • ??????? XMS

    ??????? XMS ??? ???????? ?? UMA ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???????? (XMM) ??? HIMEM.SYS. ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ????? 80286 80386. ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? XMM: ????? ??????? ?????? (HMA) ???? ??? ??????? ???????. ????????? ??????? XMS ????? ?? UMA ? HMA ?? ????? ??????? ???????.

    HMA ?? 64 ? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???????. ????? ??? ??? ????? 80386 80286 ?? ??????? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? HIMEM.SYS ?? ?????? ????? XMS ???. ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? (??? HIMEM.SYS) ? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? (??? Windows) ???????? ?????????.

    ??? ??????? ?????? (UMBs) ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? 80286 80386 ???????? ?? UMA. ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????. ??????? XMS ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????. (?? ???? HIMEM.SYS UMBs; ?? MS-DOS 5.0 ?????????? ??????? ???? EMM386.EXE.)

    ??? ??????? ???????? (EMBs) ??? ??????? ???????. ??????? XMS ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????. ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? (??? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????). ???? EMBs ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???.

?????????

??????? ?? ??? ??????? ? "?????????" ?? ????? ? ?????? ????? ???? ?????:
  <XMS memory> = <extended memory> + HIMEM.SYS

   <XMS memory including UMBS> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> +
                   HIMEM.SYS + EMM386.EXE (version 4.33.06x or later)

   <XMA memory> = proprietary memory adapter of IBM

   <EMS memory> = usable by MS-DOS and applications

   <extended memory> = usable by some applications

   <XMA memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> + XMAEM.SYS

   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> +
                  EMM386.SYS (version 4.0)

   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> + HIMEM.SYS +
                  EMM386.SYS or EMM386.EXE (version 4.10.0419 or later)
				
???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? IBM PC-DOS ?????? ??????? ???????? 80386 ?????? ??? ??? ??????? EMS ??? ???:
   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> + XMAEM.SYS +
                  XMA2EMS.SYS
				
????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? MS-DOS Microsoft ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? 80386 ??? EMS ??????? ??? ???:
   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> +
                  EMM386.SYS (version 4.0)

   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> + HIMEM.SYS +
                  EMM386.SYS (version 4.10.0419)

   <EMS memory> = <80386 system> + <extended memory> + HIMEM.SYS +
                  EMM386.EXE (version 4.20.06x)
				
??? ??? ???? ???? 80386, ??????? ???????? ?MS- DOS? ????? ??????? EMM386.SYS ?????? ??? ??????? EMS. ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? IBM PC-DOS ? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ? XMAEM.SYS ? XMA2EMS.SYS ? ?????? ??????? EMS.

??? ??? ???? ???? 80286 ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? EMS memory ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? MS-DOS. ????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? EMS ????? ???? ?????????.

?????? ???????

???? ?????? ????? Microsoft HIMEM.SYS ??? 80286 ? 80386 ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? XMS. ??? ????? ???? 64 ? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? HMA.

?????? ????? ??????? 4.0 IBM PC-DOS XMAEM.SYS ???? IBM PS/2 "?????" ??????? ??????? 80 80386 ?????? ??????? XMA IBM ???????. (??????? ?? ?????? ??????? XMA2EMS.SYS ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? EMS.)

?????? ????? ??????? 4.0 IBM PC-DOS XMA2EMS.SYS ???? ????? XMA IBM (?? ??????? XMA ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? XMAEM.SYS) ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? LIM/EMS.

?????? ????? ??????? 4.0 ?? Microsoft MS-DOS EMM386.SYS ???? ??????? ???????? 80386 ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? LIM/EMS.

?????

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? LIM/EMS ???? ??????? ??????? "Intel Lotus Microsoft ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? 4.0" ?????? ????? ?? Intel ?? ???? ??????? 538-3373 (800).

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? XMS ???? ??????? ????? "?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? 3.0," ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ?????? ??? ????????? ? ???? ???? "??????? ?? ???????" ?????.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? BIOS ??????? IBM PS/2 ?????? OEM ?????? ???? "IBM PS/2" ? ????????? BIOS ????? ?????? ?????? "?" ??? ??? 68 × 2260, ?????? ?? IBM ?? ???? ??????? PCTB IBM (800). (???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? Microsoft Press "????? ????????? ????? ???? ????: BIOS ROM IBM" ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? Ray: ? ISBN 1-55615-135-7.)

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? Compaq (BIM) ???? ??? "386(TM) Compaq DeskPro ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????," ???????? ?? Compaq.

???????

???? ???????: 37242 - ????? ??? ??????: 11/???? ?????/1424 - ??????: 2.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 2.11 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.1
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.2 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.21 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3a
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 4.01 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0a
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.2 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.21 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.22 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt KB37242 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????37242
????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???????
?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ? ?? ??? ??????? Microsoft ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????

????? ???????

 

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