Monitoring the Stack Using Assembly or C

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Article ID: 51294 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q51294
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SUMMARY

If, for any reason, you believe that the stack in a FORTRAN program is being corrupted, you can monitor the stack segment (SS) register and stack pointer (SP) register by using either the Microsoft Assembler package. Since CodeView may use the stack for its own purposes, this allows a more direct monitoring method.

A function for each package is shown below along with the appropriate interface statement. Each function returns an integer*4 to FORTRAN.

To extract the hexadecimal values from that integer, use a format statement something similar to the following example:
      write (*,'(1x,A7,1x,4Z,A1,4Z)')
     + 'seg:off',stackloc(),':',ISHC(stackloc(),16)
				
This write statement produces video output of the following form:
seg:off 2BC0:111A

MORE INFORMATION

The assembly code and interface statement are shown below.
      interface to integer*4 function stackloc()
      end
      integer*4 stackloc

.model large
.code
public stackloc
stackloc proc
       mov dx,ss
       mov ax,sp
       ret
stackloc endp
       end
				
The equivalent interface for the following QuickC with Assembler code is also listed below (keep in mind that this code must be compiled with the /AL switch for memory model compatibility):
      interface to integer*4 function stackloc [C,
     + alias:'_stackloc'] ()
      end
      integer*4 stackloc

int * stackloc(void)
{
        int j[2];

        _asm {
                mov     j[0],ss
                mov     j[1],sp
        }
        return j;
}
				

Properties

Article ID: 51294 - Last Review: December 1, 2003 - Revision: 2.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 4.1
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.0
  • Microsoft FORTRAN Compiler 5.1
Keywords: 
KB51294
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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