Article ID: 59616 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q59616
If you want to calculate the interest rate you would pay (or receive) for money borrowed (or invested), and the payments are made in either equal or unequal amounts at regular intervals, use the IRR (internal rate of return) function in Microsoft Excel.
The IRR function is commonly used to compare one investment opportunity with another to determine the best rate of return.
ExampleThe format is
=IRR(A1:E1)where the spreadsheet reads as follows:
This returns an interest rate of 14.49 percent.
A1: -1000 B1: 500 C1: 400 D1: 300 E1: 100 A2: =IRR(A1:E1) B2: C2: D2: E2:
IRR Function DescriptionThe IRR is calculated by using the NPV function iteratively, calculating the interest to give an NPV of zero. This is often referred to as the "break-even" point where inflows equals outflows. However, the cash flows must occur at regular intervals, such as monthly or annually. The internal rate of return is the interest rate received for an investment that consists of payments (negative values) and income (positive values) that occur at regular periods.
The following equation uses the example above to illustrate how this works:
=NPV(IRR(A1:E1),A1:E1)The resulting value is $0.00, which proves that the IRR has returned the correct rate (for an NPV of zero).
For more information about the IRR worksheet function, click Microsoft Excel Help on the Help menu, type irr worksheet function in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.